martes, 29 de noviembre de 2016

Israel Seeks Diplomatic Coup in Africa —What About Its Jews?
This week Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is on a four-day tour of East Africa, becoming the first prime minister to visit sub-Saharan Africa in almost 30 years. He visited Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. He will also visit Ethiopia.

“Israel is coming back to Africa,” Netanyahu announced. “Africa is coming back to Israel.”

The goals of the trip are ostensibly to bolster diplomatic ties and secure business prospects in a region that has perhaps been overlooked by Israel in recent years.

Netanyahu also wanted to be in Uganda to mark the 40th anniversary of the dramatic Entebbe raid that rescued a planeload of hijacked Israelis. His brother, Yoni, died in the raid. During a welcoming ceremony, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni raised eyebrows by referring to Israel as “Palestine.”

In Rwanda, he highlighted the history of genocide that Israel shares with the nation where more than 800,000 people were murdered in an ethnic bloodletting two decades ago. Netanyahu also said that increased settlement in parts of the West Bank and Jerusalem were not barriers to peace negotiations.

Amidst all of this, one topic has not been discussed — the thousands of African Jews who already call East Africa home.

Many East Africans already feel deeply connected to Israel and the Jewish world — with or without a prime minster’s visit. In each country, there are small African Jewish or Israelite groups.


The Beta Israel is the region’s best-known Jewish community. It is a distinct religious group — centuries old — with its own customs, liturgy and form of non-rabbinic Judaism. Most of the Beta Israel left Ethiopia for Israel (where assimilation has been fraught with ongoing controversy — mass protests staged by Ethiopian Israelis as recently as last week). The Ethiopian Jewish population in Israel numbers more than 100,000. Still, there are thousands of other Ethiopians still in East Africa who practice Judaism.
‘Left Behind’: ‘Falashmura’ pray in Gondar, Ethiopia.

One group is known as the “Falashmura;” these are people who were forced to convert to Christianity, but still practice a form of Judaism. Their immigration to Israel was approved in November, but the process has not started. The Times of Israel recently dubbed them the “ones left behind.”


The Abayudaya are a small community of more than 2,000 who live in the mountainous area near the Kenyan border.

A century ago a tribal leader and anti-colonial military leader came to identify as a Jew, shrugging off what he saw as the colonial imposition of Christianity. He instructed his people to begin practicing Judaism as they understood it from reading the Bible. Decades later, the community connected with the American organization Kulanu and most of them underwent halachic conversions in the 2000s.
Rabbi Gershom Sizomu, leader of the Abayudaya, is now also a member of the Ugandan parliament.

Their current spiritual leader, Rabbi Gershom Sizomu was ordained in a Conservative rabbinical academy in California. He also recently won a parliament seat in Uganda, becoming the first Jewish MP. The Jewish Agency also has recognized this community as part of the worldwide Conservative movement.

The Abayudaya have also become well known for their music (one album was nominated for a Grammy) and distinctive, and popular, handcrafted yarmulkes.


Kenya is home to a much younger Jewish group, known as the Kasuku. There are no more than 100. A few decades ago, a small community here began incrementally moving towards Jewish practice. Some had taken up Messianic Judaism, mixing Jewish and Christian belief and ritual, and began learning more about normative Judaism as practiced elsewhere. They forged ties with the neighboring Abayudaya of Uganda and studied with their Jewish African neighbors, who had already received backing from American Jewish groups.

In 2006, the Abayudayan spiritual leader helped most the Kasuku convert to Judaism. “We started to understand there’s a difference between Messianic Judaism and Judaism,” one community leader told the Times of Israel in 2015, “and some of us chose to turn to Judaism.”


“Rwandans feel a deep camaraderie with Jews. The connection dates back centuries,” a New York Times writer once observed, “and some Rwandans consider the Tutsis one of the lost tribes of Israel.”

The Jewish or Israelite identification among some Rwandans may be more amorphous than neighboring countries. Some of the Tutsi, or Watusi, ethnic group claim ancient connections to the biblical Israelites. This looser and symbolic connection to Israel is one that is, perhaps, centuries old. The Tutsis also faced their own horrific genocide at the hands of the Hutu, the ethnic majority—which has added another layer of significance to the connection some feel to the Jewish people. It is unclear how many Tutsi hold such beliefs and whether those beliefs have shaped into any religious practice.
Return: A publication by Yochanan Bwejeri, who advocates for the “return” of the Tutsi people to Judaism.

“The Tutsi Jewishness was obstructed by [Christianity],” writes Yochanan Bwejeri, one Tutsi researcher dedicated to bolstering the connection of the Tutsi people to Judaism. “Today, Tutsis in increasing numbers are seeking t’shuvah, return,” Bwejeri wrote in an undated post on the Kulanu website. “Like the Western Jews, they envision ge’ulah, redemption.”

El Palco Real de la Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas tiene una estrella judía de adorno que casi mata del susto a Himmler, comandante de las SS, cuando quiso ver una corrida de toros desde este privilegiado balcón.

When Lucifer was originally created, Ezekiel 28:13-15 reveals that he was not only beautiful in appearance, but had a particular gift for music as “tabrets” and “pipes” are mentioned in connection with his creation. This account metaphorically refers to Lucifer as “the king of Tyre,” but no human king of Tyre was ever “perfect,” “in Eden” or served as an “anointed covering cherub.” When Lucifer fell into sin and rebellion, as Isaiah 14:12-19 records, Lucifer became Satan and used his talents to pervert and warp all that was good and beautiful in the creation. He has also used his musical talents to induce mankind to sin via music that promotes rebellion, lust, violence, etc. As this world “goes downhill” during the latter days in which we live, various forms of “music” have developed which promote sinful activities and attitudes.

According to Steve M. Collins the modern tribes of Israel are the USA, Canada, Scandinavia and many mainland European nations, Australia, New Zealand, the Jewish State of Israel and portions of many other nations. Pockets of Israelites are also located all along the migration routes out of Asia into modern Europe.

Israelite descendents have also been found in China (Naphtali) along the Levites discovered in Ancient India and modern South Africa. The Indian pyramids here in West Tennessee (Pinson Mounds) originally had white sand on the outside, mimicing the pyramids at Gyza built by Israelites. Almost every place in the world has been colonized by the Phoenicians/Israelites at some point. Not just Europe.
Roman Empire divided between ten tribes
Buenas fotos
The North American sub continent & native cultural areas
USA map with Amerindian tribes
Amerindian Israel
Ten Triber map with remarkable cities
Joseph hugging Israel
Two Houser hispano
Jew invoking God
Twelve Tribes represented in twelve tents
Two Houser hispano
Añadir a two Houser hispano



En 1966 The Melodians registraron su mayor éxito, con "Rivers of Babylon". Esta canción se convirtió en un himno del movimiento rastafari (Es un movimiento espiritual que mezcla creencias de varias religiones y que tiene su origen en Jamaica, Se basa en la interpretación del Antiguo Testamento ligada con creencias africanas y conciencia afro-caribeña acerca de la emancipación negra). Bob Marley era jamaicano, pacifista, apolítico y propulsor de la fe rastafari, por lo que es lógico pensar que como creyente rastafari y músico consagrado ligado al reggae decidiese versionar esta canción. De esta manera podemos afirmar que Mesopotamia y la Babilonia histórica junto a sus ríos tiene relación con la Jamaica rastafari,y por tanto con Bob Marley, ya que los rastas se dicen descendientes de las tribus perdidas de Israel y esperan que su redención se produzca con el éxodo que los sacará de Babilonia (el mundo blanco opresor) y los conducirá de vuelta a África.

Zion in Hebrew & Latin Characters in movement
Map of modern Israeli regions
Kurdistan with seashore
Kurdish warrior
Map with Kurdish provinces
Azeri women
David anointed as king
Tutsi dancers
Tutsi & Hutu left to right
Caucasian children in Karen attires. That's how the original Karens might have looked
Tutsi girl

Like in ancient Israel, the Gypsies practice endogammy.
Gypsy caravan
Hebrew Israelite women
Hebrew Israelite couple
Gypsy symbols
Gypsy symbol in artistic styled form
Lion of Judah in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa. The Solomonic dynasty was in power until the 1970s. The Lion represents the Solomonic dynasty from which the Ethiopian monarchs descend. The statue was raised to commemorate the defeat of fascist Italy by Ethiopian troops.
Simbol of Lost Israel through out the for corners of the world
Jewish Yoda

And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
That's how some people see the Jews: greedy & prone to conspire. The truth is far from that though. They have given the world the Bible, which is the most influencial book to lead mankind to good. Their persecution through out history has made them develop a survival spirit & that's why they have thrived in so many fields. Are there Jews conspiring against mankind then? Yes, but there are also gentiles conspiring against humankind. The worst regimes in history regarding human rights, nazi & comnunists, were deeply anti Jewish. As time passes by the anti Jewish sentiment has been evolving. After the destruction of the Temple by the Romans they were persecuted by the Christians for killing (alegedly) Jesus Christ. Although the Jews pressured the Romans to kill Him, they were a tiny minority of the Jewish population dwelling in the Holy Land, more so if it's added the Jewish population dwelling in the diaspora back then. In the 19th century & even more so in the 20th the new form of Jewish persecution was racial, saying nonsense like "the Jews are inferior" or the like. Nowadays there are two more forms of attacking the Jews. One is saying that they are not real Jews, but the offspring of Turkish converts to Judaism. The other form of anti Jewish persecution is zionism & the State of Israel. Genetics doesn't agree with the lie that Jews are mostly descended from Turkish converts to Judaism, the so called Khazars. According to genetics the great majority of Jews descend from ancient Israelites & are related to middle eastern peoples. Even if the Khazars were Turkish converts to Judaism, the great majority of Jews, including the Ashkenazis, don't have Khazar ancestry. Zionism is just another nationalism, like French nationalism, or Chinese nationalism. If the Jews or even the Jewish zionists dominated the mass media or the world organizations, they would have made, for example, a Disney blockbuster about Jews or about the nation of Israel. They haven't. The Jungle Book is in India, Mulan in China, The. Anvil & the Sword in England... Not even a single character in blockbusters is Jewish, let alone the main character. Israel is not even mentioned. The Jews lost Jordan from the original plan for a Jewish State & it seems like that they will also lose the West Bank (Judea & Samaria) & Gaza. The Palestinian refugees are another topic of contention against the Jewish State. The mass flight of Palestinians after the rebirth of the Jewish State was provoked by the war started by the alliance of the Palestinians & the Arab nations. At the same the combination of Arab nations & citizens attacked (without provokation whatsoever) their own Jewish citizens, causing a million Jewish refugees. The combination of lands belonging to these Arab Jews was far larger than the actual Israel.
Multicolor rasta lion
Depiction of Jewish Lions with Davidic Star
Jewish lions with Levitish hand symbols
The Jewish legion, created within the British army, was the first ever group of entirely Jewish soldiers since the last Jewish revolts against Roman imperial rule.
Drawing depicting Judahite Lion, Menorah & Davidic Star
The Lord will not forget Israel
The Lord will protect His people
Recortar mapa del vídeo
RETOCAR Lion of Judah overseing the savannah
Rastafari Star of David with lion inside
Symbolic Ethiopian lion
Israelites contemplating the Temple
Jerusalem Temple dedication
Jewish man writing in scroll
Levites on duty
Jesus riding an ass
Priests carrying the Tabernacle
Tabernacle of Israel
Israelite priest reading from scrolls
Ark of the Covenant carried by priests

Israelite priesthood holders
The Ark of the Covenant carried

Austrian tradition related that Austria was once ruled by a line of Jewish kings. If they were of the Davidic line, that could imply that their subjects, the Austrians, are from the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel.
The Freestate of Bavaria and the Republic of Austria. The areas where the Austro-Bavarian dialects are spoken are highlighted
BUSCAR esto EN YOUTUBE PRIMERO incluso los comentarios de YouTubers
Ver vídeo

Mountain Jews, or Juhuro, are Jews of the eastern Caucasus, mainly of Azerbaijan and Dagestan.

PARA TWO HOUSER (Two Houser link with genetics)
British sub ethnic divisions
Israelite patriarchs
Israelite symbols in the Star Spangled Banner
Israel's migration through Europe & North America

A remarkable Jat blog ( endorses British Israelism in one issue. After all, peoples like the Massagetae or the Scythians are considered to be Israelites with another name. Contrary to the Jews that came back maintaining religion & identity, these Israelites lost their Hebrew identity in their Medo-Persian captivity, including their name. The largest group that stayed in Medo-Persia begot the Kurds. From there a group traveled to Caucasia to finish their journey in norther Europe & western Europe, smaller groups stayed in Caucasia though. Another group moved from Medo - Persia to Central Asia & eventually moved to India & beyond. The descendence of lost Israel in India Pakistan & Afghanistan is known as Pashtun, Kalash, Rajput, Jatt... The Lost Israelite descendence that moved further east is known as Qiang, Chinkuki, Karen, Hmong-Miao, Naga...
United States & former British Empire
Abrahamic alphabets
Arnold Josiah Ford
William Crowdy
Rabbi Wentworth
Ben Ammi & Ben Yahweh
Ben Ammi with Hebrew Israelites members of the IDF
Ben Ammi faithful to the Israeli flag
Martin Luther King with his loyal Jewish friend Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel & allied in the Civil Rights for Black Americans
Jews with candles
Peace be still
Christian Crussader
Jesus in Jerusalem
Tribe of Levi & its typical hand symbol
African kingdoms
Samson the Danite
Ibrim children with shofar & Torah
Harriet Tubman, liberator of black American men & women
Magrebi Ibrim
Nomad at Qasr Ibrim
Hebrew Shepherd with sheep & other people
Time for Harvest for Lost Israel
Ancient Jews
Rastafari Jewish Star Rastafari Star of David

(comments on the above)
Royal Grant to Abraham
Great Abrahamic religions
Main Jewish denominations
Agotes Oyarzun (el escudo de Oyarzun tiene estrella de David)


martes, 5 de julio de 2016

With this video the Alevi Map above could be larger

Sabbatharianism: A Christo-Judaic development in Igbo-Israel.
The Sabbatharian Movement: A Judaeo-Christian development in Igbo-Israel.
Written by Remy Chukwukaodinaka Ilona
Links from
The Sabbatharians are the Igbo converts to Christianity who resigned from Christianity in the early twentieth century, and formed a new religion that is known among the Igbos as “Sabbath.”
The Sabbatharians are not easy to categorize. The Sabbatharians could be taken for Jews. They could also be seen as Christians. The Sabbath groups observe Saturday, the day that the Lord commanded the Israelites to rest (as is found in the Bible) as a holy day. The groups observe all the biblical feasts and holydays that the Lord ordered the Israelites to observe. For examples; they commemorate Passover, Sukkot, Atonement, etc, on the days that the worldwide Jewish community, with its headquarters in Eretz Yisrael does. They rigidly abhor all the foods that the Lord commanded the Israelites not to eat (as seen in the Bible). The Sabbatharians believed that keeping the Commandments was a true way to please God. In their early years they maintained and stressed that God was distinct and separate from anybody else. Their belief about God could be said to be unitarian in their early years. In that period the doctrine of the Trinity had not become popular and widely known among the Igbos, because Christianity was still new then. ‘Jah Jehovah’ was their preferred designation for the Supreme Being. I cannot recall that they had a position for anybody else in their worship in those their early years. On the Sabbath day which they called ubosi ezumike (day of rest), and other feast days they dress in white flowing robes, and when they get close to the precincts of their missions, as they address their places of worship they remove their foot wears, as they believe that their places of worship are holy ground. An essential aspect of their worship is ibu amuma (prophesying). They have guilds of prophets known as ndi ozi (the message carriers).
For Bibles they used the Tanakh; known by Christians as the Old Testament and by the People of Israel who received it from God as the Hebrew Bible. As the Bible which they use contains the Christian Bible; the New Testament, we can say they also use it. However one thing was discernible. They generally concentrated on the ‘Old Testament’.
Interestingly their main areas of interest in those years were the first five books of the Bible (Torah), and then the Psalms, and the Prophets. As far as I can remember the Sabbatharians were not particularly curious about the New Testament.
There is no evidence that they ever heard about the Talmud. Also they knew next to nothing about other important Jewish texts. Besides what they gleaned from the Bible about Israel; they knew next to nothing about Jewish history; and the modern Jewish religion.
However the Sabbatharians have a place for Jesus in their belief. But they do not equate him to the Almighty God; the Supreme Being. They see and respect him as a messiah.
And in organizational structure the Sabbath is Christian however. A Sabbath is headed by a person; the founder, who is known as onye isi nchu aja. This term could mean high priest. He is assisted by other persons who are known as ndi ozi. As I had observed ndi ozi could be ‘messengers. But the Sabbatharians see them as prophets. In recent years as the English language continues to gain precedence over Igbo language among the Igbos, and Pentecostal culture continues to permeate the Igbo society, the Sabbatharians have started to call the ndi ozi pastors.
A Sabbath could have branches everywhere as Christian churches. But it is remarkable that unlike Christian churches that they do not proselytize. I will try to explain what I think that inhibits them from proselytizing.
The development of ‘Sabbath’ as this movement is called is in my opinion inspired by some Igbos desire to practice Judaism; the religious culture of Israel. Unfortunately most of the founders of the Sabbaths did not write their personal histories so we do not have first hand information about what they thought about the Igbos descent from Israel. But we can say with certainty that they as most Igbos were aware of the knowledge that the Igbos came from Israel. Thus we can say that they developed the desire to practice Judaism because of this knowledge. But something is puzzling here. From what we know about the founders of the movement they did not know much, if anything about Israel’s religion. Most; especially the earliest founders did not have much Western education. So we can rule out the possibility that they read about Judaism. Even today, in the 21st century most Igbos, including the highly educated ones do not know much about the Jews and Judaism. So we can say quite safely that the Sabbatharian founders did not try to establish Judaic movements because they studied Judaism. Then what happened? Most said that they had visions of God calling on them to establish ‘Sabbath’. I will set out what I think that it happened. The Igbos like almost every other African people were enslaved and colonized by Europeans. The Europeans foisted foreign cultures on the colonized peoples. Initially members of the colonized entities thought that the colonization was beneficial. But with time some of their elites began to realize that colonization could not be beneficial in any way. That its short term gains are more than off-set by its long term disadvantages. The elites of colonized peoples thus always seized the first opportunity they have to throw off the yoke of foreign rule. We saw Herbert Macauley, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Kwame Nkrumah, Nelson Mandela, etc, struggling against foreign rule. Unfortunately historians concentrate only on those that used political methods to achieve certain objectives. Well, we must not allow ourselves to digress. After years of striving and failing to stifle the various anti-colonial movements the colonial powers packed and left. But they did not go with the institutions, and the ideas that they planted in Africa. Principal among such institutions is Christianity. We will now talk very briefly about how some of the various peoples of Nigeria reacted to Christianity. After a few years in the Western versions of Christianity the various peoples of Nigeria began to try to head back to their own religions. Naturally they tried to rediscover their religions through Christianity. Naturally they had to match through Christianity because it was what they had grown up in. The Yorubas came up with the Aladura churches: The Celestial Church of Christ, the Cherubim and Seraphim, Jesu Oyingbo, etc. And Pentecostal variant, which they effectively Yorubanized. A good look at the ‘White garment’ churches as the former are known in Nigeria, Nigerian Pentecostal Christianity, and Yoruba religious culture will show that the Yorubas succeeded very well in indigenizing Christianity. The Igbo effort to do the same threw up the ‘Sabbath’. As the Igbos are Israelite ethnically what they would head back to must have distinctive Jewish features. In my estimation that’s why the Igbos ‘created’ a Judaeo-Christian movement. And the rapid spread of this movement throughout Igboland, and to wherever Igbos have migrated to is very interesting. A prominent Sabbath leader mentioned in 2005 that Sabbatharians number eight millions. They might have numbered up to the mentioned figure in the latter parts of the 20th century. Now they would number a million, because they lost many members to the Yoruba dominated Pentecostal movement.
Some of the Sabbatharians gained the respect and gratitude of the Igbos because of the feats which some of them were believed to have performed. Employing prayers, fasting, holy oil, etc, they tried to cure cancers, insanity and other difficult ailments. Many persons believe that they actually cured those ailments. Also the Sabbatharians were not known to have participated in Igbo intra-ethnic religious-denominational discrimination. This discrimination took the following form: Some groups that operate in Igboland have rules that bar their members from marrying outside their group. The Sabbatharians did not bar their members from marrying fellow Igbos. The groups that contributed to a major problem that is bedeviling the Igbo society today: a glut of Igbo spinsters, and a rising trend in Igbo marital instability. Many persons could not find ideal spouses in their groups, and waited for too long. By the time they realized that they should marry any Igbo with clean family histories they were already old-maids. Also persons that had only very little in common were forced to marry because they found themselves in the same groups. Marital instability resulted in a great many of such arrangements. In addition the intra religious-denominational discrimination forced many Igbos into the traps of non Igbo religious con men who were out to build large congregations by promising everything in the world to vulnerable persons. The Igbos that fell into such people’s traps have turned out to be bitter haters of the Igbo people today, because the con men ensure that they turn them against the core ethos of the Igbos. The Sabbatharians could say with pride that they did not ‘teach’ any Igbo to shun fellow Igbos. Today that the Igbo society is fundamentally divided, and reuniting the Igbos is seemingly impossible many Igbos are beginning to appreciate that groups like the Sabbatharians, and the Anglicans did not join in preaching intra-ethnic religious divisions.
As I have mentioned before, prophesying enjoys preeminence in the Sabbatharian movement, as it did in the ancient version of the religion of Israel. But really there is no basis for comparison. The Israelite prophets were social reformers, and champions of true religious worship par excellence.
And while the Israelite prophet was quite national, and even international in outlook, the Sabbatharian prophet is quite provincial. It is difficult to recall a single Sabbatharian prophet who showed extraordinary concern for the Igbos as a people; as a community. We cannot also say that the poor and defenseless among the Igbos have occupied the attention of the Sabbatharian prophet very much. Nor can we say that they foresaw the dangers that the Igbos would be in as a consequence of their religiously and denominationally induced divisions, and preached against such evils. Almost all were concerned just with the welfare of their communities. Had they seen beyond their own communities they would have with their preeminence in the former years stemmed the collapse of the Igbo society.

However in one respect some of the earliest Sabbatharian prophets resemble the Israelite models. A few railed against Igbos who were trying to import a particularly heinous unIgbo practice: ikpa nsi (poisoning people).
Up till this stage I still can’t find where to place the Sabbatharians. In Christianity or in Judaism? This is because I can’t remember any early Sabbatharian who did not concentrate on ‘Jah Jehovah’ only, as his God, or who did not emphasize the importance of the Laws of God, found in the ‘Old Testament’. I have tried to find the reasons why the Sabbatharians inclined towards an indivisible (Unitarian God) in their early years. I think the reason may be that the prevailing dominant influence rubbed off on them then. Many Igbos as at when the Sabbatharian movement began to rise still retained a memory of only Chukwu as the Supreme Being. In Igbo theology Chukwu (God), was seen as a Person. A single Person. Thus it was easy for the Sabbatharians to revert to a belief on only God (Chukwu Abiama) as God. I think that this factor helped the Sabbatharians to focus only on ‘Jah Jehovah.’
Yet in spite of all the above, particularly their tendency to rigid monotheism, I still cannot bring myself to describe the early Sabbatharians as Jews or Judaists or Israelites in religion. There are features of Israel’s religion as shown in the Bible, which is not manifest in their practices: Oneness for example. From what I have seen of Judaism, or Omenana Igbo, a very important essence of the Jewish way, and the Igbo way, is the perception of the Jewish or the Igbo community, respectively as one. The community’s good is the primary concern of Judaism and Omenana. The Sabbatharians believed in communitarianism too, but they worked towards creating new communities, which were to be distinct from the Igbo community. I know several Sabbatharians who were giants in the Sabbatharian world, but I do not know any who stood out as an Igbo stalwart, as I would expect Jews to stand out in the Israelite world. Also until recent times Israel as a people, as a nation, and as a land was not of particular importance to them, as it is to Jews. I would say that they viewed their communities as kinds of ‘new Israels’.
At this stage I feel like asking some questions. And those questions are:
From what we have shown we can say that there was an effort to go to Judaism; some might call it a teshuvah; to return to keeping the Laws. But that due to dearth of information and other resources perhaps, that the Sabbatharians stopped midway with a new religion. My number one question is: Would the Sabbatharians have developed to become Jews/Judaists /Israelites? Two: Would they have grown if they had been given Torahs and other Jewish texts? Three: Would they have progressed if selfless intellectuals had joined them? Four: Would a Jewish rabbi have made the difference? I ask all these questions because I think that the Sabbatharians thought that they were replicating the Israelite worship.
My answer to these questions is a simple yes!
If they had been given Torahs, teachers; and if selfless intellectuals had joined them, they would have learned how Jews lived, and worshipped God, or how Jews are supposed to live and worship God, and they would have adjusted their practices. They would have seen the similarities between the Igbo and Jewish patterns of living, and they would have started fifty years earlier what many of them are just beginning now.
And just as I can’t call them Jews I can’t call them Christians either. I can’t recall their addressing themselves in those years as Christians, perhaps because in those years, the Igbo identity suffixed for every Igbo; unlike in the present era when the Igbo identity is loosing ground due to the erosion of Igbo culture.
Also their belief that obeying the Commandments (the Laws) of God is enough to earn them salvation clearly makes it difficult to classify them as Christians. This is because central in Christianity is the doctrine that it is Faith, not keeping the Law that saves.
I would still say that the Sabbatharians are Christians transiting to the Igbo religion, which among Jews is called Judaism.
I say this because in recent times, due to more availability of information many Sabbaths have introduced quite a lot of Judaic beliefs, practices and rituals into their practices. Many Sabbatharians have started to dress like Jews. Some wear skull caps, and don tallits while praying. Some have started to learn Hebrew. Many are familiar with elementary Hebrew. A Sabbatharian is likely to greet a friend with ‘shalom’; the customary salutation of peace that Jews are known with. Some have started to use the Jewish Siddurim to pray. And many have acquired Hebrew Bibles designed for synagogue study. And in recent years the biggest Sabbath group formulated a document about burying the dead that its members should be using. In every detail their burial practices would match those of Jews if they implement what they drew up. I will say the following even though it is digressional. If the Sabbath group disseminates the afore-mentioned document widely they would be doing the Igbos a major favor. This is because their document is reminiscent of Igbo burial practices which are Israelite; and which most Igbos have virtually forgotten everything about.
Lastly the Sabbatharians are beginning to become voracious readers of books. And many are beginning to plan to invest in schools and education. As everybody knows the Jews are the people of the Book. I would say that there are many indications that the Sabbatharians are transiting to Judaism.

Linguistic Similarities And while my comparison of Igbo and Ivrit is still in infancy I must reveal that I have observed that both languages share quite an uncommon resemblance; from idiomatic, to similar words having similar meanings in both, etc. An Igbo who is intelligent and compared Igbo and Hebrew as part of her graduate work reached the conclusion that both languages are genetically related. Below is part of the work that I have started to do in the studying of both languages: It is interesting that the Igbo word for house or home is be, and the Hebrew word for house is bes or beth. That an Igbo type of light is urimmu, and six of the lights on the breast-plate of the Israelite chief priest is urim. That the meaning of Israel’s Name for God in Hebrew Yawe, is ‘I am’, and in Igbo Yawu means ‘He is’. That wine in Hebrew is yayin and mmanya in Igbo. Abraham to the Igbo is Abiama. We must admit that Abraham and Abiama are close in spelling and pronunciation. The Creator of the universe to the Igbos is Chukwu Abiama (Great God of Abraham). Omenana is the phrase for the Igbos religion and culture, and Emuna is the Hebrew word for faith. And adam (Hebrew) and madu (Igbo) both mean man (humans). G.T. Basden devoted a large portion of his work to a comparison of Igbo and Israelite traditions, and he started the comparison thus: ‘There are one or two peculiarities of idiom in Ibo similar to some found in Hebrew. The chief parallel is found in the repetition of words to express a single idea and, perhaps to add emphasis. The practice of reduplicating verbs or adding their cognate nouns is characteristic of Ibo- e.g. ‘O galu aga’ = he passed; ‘o jelu ije’ = he went. As a rule, the addition makes little or no appreciable difference to the meaning. There are many verbs which are rarely used without reduplication or with their derived noun either attached or in close proximity, e.g., we have such terms as “murmur a murmur” = “o natamu atamu”, or, as we have in the litany, “those who have erred”= “ndi jefielu ejefie”, and “those who are deceived” = “ndi alaputalu alaputa.” My exploratory work on the idioms, expressions, usages, etc, is set out hereafter. Moses’ call on ‘heaven and earth’ to be his witness that he gave Israel sufficient warning to stay away from idolatry and evil made profound impact on me the first time I read it scholastically (in Deuteronomy 4:26), because it is our (Igbo) fashion when we want to really lay emphasis on a matter in discussion. When the Igbo man says ‘enu igwe na ana nukwa onu m’ (‘may heaven and earth hear my voice’) he is really serious, and does not want to play with the matter that made him to utter those words. An Igbo writer; S.C. Onwuka mentioned that Igbos call upon ‘heaven and earth to witness’ while they are praying. I submit that it is not just coincidental that both languages have such an identical expression, and use it in similar circumstances. Also Dr. J. H. Hertz, a Jewish scholar; had while explaining the nuance in Numbers 14:22, “these ten times” stated that it could stand for a ‘large number of times’. He further explained it to mean: “They had now filled up the measure of their iniquities, and punishment must inevitably come upon them.”7 Dr. Hertz used expressions very close to the Igbo idiom—‘iko ya ejuna’, which means that he has exhausted all his chances, but which can be translated literally to mean ‘his cup or measure is filled up.’ Igbos use this phrase or idiom when an evil doer gets caught and is awaiting punishment. From Hertz’s explanation it is easy to see that the same idea lies behind both the Igbo usage of the expression, and the Israelite usage, as explained by Hertz. Hertz also explains, ‘for they are bread for us’ which is in Numbers 14:9 as meaning that: ‘We shall easily destroy them.’ His explanation is very similar to an Igbo expression nni nracha ka ha wu which literally means (‘they are easy food’), which if employed during a quarrel or fight signifies that the opponent can be defeated easily. Also very interesting is the nearness of words that Jacob and his sons deployed when they were talking about Joseph’s supposed loss, to a wild beast, to the words that Igbos would have used in similar circumstances. The sons reported that an ‘evil beast’ might have devoured their brother. Jacob also referred to the beast as an ‘evil beast.’ Genesis 37:35.9 Ordinarily a beast is either a wild one or a domestic one. But I understand what Jacob and his sons said and why because as an Igbo I know that Igbos will refer to a ferocious or wild beast as ajo anu (evil beast), even though the beast could have equally been tagged anu ofia (wild beast) by the Igbos. One comes across the phrase ‘the anger of the Lord was kindled’,—Numbers 12:9, ‘My wrath shall wax hot’,-Exodus 22:23. If the phrases are translated into Igbo language we will have iwe oku which means hot anger. The Igbos call their anger iwe oku (hot anger) when they are very angry. As I was pointing out in the section that dealt with “evil beast,” is anger supposed to be “hot” or cold? Applying such adjectives in certain cases makes sense to me only when I consider that every language has its own idioms and characteristics. I will make a preliminary conclusion of this section with the words of Basden: “The language (Igbo) also bears several interesting parallels with the Hebrew idiom.” But before making my final comment on this subject which I am just beginning to look at I want to bring up more strikingly similar Igbo and Hebrew words which have identical or near meanings. It is not mere coincidence that makes may-im- hayy-iym “waters of life, living waters,” in Hebrew similar to iyi which is “stream, river” in Igbo language. Also the belt that was part of the Israelite priest’s garment—the ephod or ‘efowd, which is comparable with the Igbo word mfiedo = girdle or belt. In addition the Hebrew nasas /nasah which are “be clear, be pure /shinning”, can be related to the Igbo nso and which can be used for holiness. Aso can also be used for holiness, and in Igbo thought what is nso or aso (holy) is pure. And I also observed that many Igbo words like unyahu, ebe ahu, and nke ahu (yesterday, that place, and that thing) definitely excites one to think of Hebrew names like Eliyahu, Netanyahu, Yeshayahu, etc., because of the ahu endings. It also occurred to me that Igbos would include an u when pronouncing a name like John giving out something like Johnu. I was moved by the following prayer: Barukh atah Adonai….shehekhyanu vekiymanu vehigianu lazman hazeh, because of the nu endings. I find it my favorite prayer in Hebrew. Researchers would find this area very interesting to explore I predict. As I am only beginning an exploration of this section I will not go too far. I will not make definitive assertions on the relationship between the Igbo and Hebrew languages at this stage. However I must say that my observation is that the Igbo spoken fifty years ago was not very dissimilar in aspects like sound, pronunciation, etc, with ancient Ivrit. Shortly I will resume a comparison of both languages with Avraham Phil van Riper; an American Jewish scholar.
Igbo language has a lot of similarities and ties with the language of the Jews.

The Lost Tribe that Found Elijah
Benjamin Simon Joseph Dandekar (friends call him "Benny"), has served as the Hazzan, or Jewish prayer leader, of Bene Israel ("Children of Israel") communities in and around Bombay, India, for over 25 years. Benny is a celebrity among the approximately 5,000 Jews who live in Bombay and the surrounding towns and villages of India's Maharashtra Province.
The Jewish community watches as two young Bene Israel siblings marry arranged Bene Israel partners on the same day at Thane’s Magen Hassidim Synagogue, India’s largest congregation. Chazzan Benny Dandekar made both matches. As children, the brides and grooms studied Hebrew prayers with Benny, and he remained close to their families. “Many people used to do the job of matchmaking,” Benny recalls. He considers himself blessed to be one of the few left in this role: “The chosen man from the chosen people!” Benny is fond of saying.
Benny teaches all Bene Israel youth the traditional Jewish prayers, but also schools international Jewish tourists in the unique history of the Bene Israel. He says the progenitors of the modern community were exiled from the Land of Israel hundreds of years before the Common Era. They shipwrecked off the palm-bedecked Konkan Coast, south of what is today Bombay, and only seven couples made it ashore alive.
Thousands of years later, many Bene Israel remain in India though they constitute at best 0.000005% of the country's billion-plus population. Despite the Bene Israel's relatively small numbers, across the centuries, they never fully assimilated, even as they adopted Indian dress and the local Marathi language. The community always remembered its Shema vow of loyalty to one G-d, guarded Kosher laws and rested on Saturdays.
Bombay bustles past the gate of the 140 year-old Mogen David Synagogue, the largest of the city’s six remaining synagogues, tucked in a courtyard off a major thoroughfare. Several times a week, exactly ten, poor, elderly men – nine of them Bene Israel – enter this Mogen David gate to constitute Bombay’s only weekday morning minyan. In return for keeping the minyan active, the Bombay community gives the men breakfast, and for Shabbat, a kosher chicken killed by Bombay’s only kosher ritual slaughterer (shochet) in Mogen David’s gravelly yard.
When Jewish traders from Baghdad, Iraq arrived in India in the late 18th Century, they recognized the Bene Israel as coreligionists. The Baghdadis constructed grandiose new synagogues, into which they welcomed the Bene Israel, teaching the Indians contemporary Jewish practices.
After the modern State of Israel's establishment in 1948, nearly all of the Baghdadi Jews (and many Bene Israel) made Aliyah from India to Israel. The Baghdadis' leadership mantle has been largely assumed by the remaining Bene Israel. The former Bene Israel learners, like Benny, are now the instructors.
Though the pictured Alibag synagogue dates from 1848, some say that for at least 800 years, the Bene Israel have prayed to the Jewish G-d in this village, three hours south of Bombay on the palm-bedecked Konkan Coast. The benches creak and the air hangs heavy in the mildewed Magen Aboth sanctuary. Nonetheless, each day, the old community members gather for prayers, and on Shabbat collect a minyan from the 8-10 Jewish families left in town.
The Baghdadis' influence did not overwhelm every element of the Bene Israel's hybrid, Jewish-Indian culture. The Bene Israel have maintained what was the cornerstone of their unique heritage: a special reverence for Elijah the Prophet (Eliahu Ha'Navi).
Ben Zion Gosalkar, the Bene Israel caretaker (Shamash) of massive Knesseth Eliyahoo synagogue in Bombay, prays during the afternoon service (Mincha). The 19th century temple once housed India’s wealthy Baghdadi Jewish community, but today the prayer leader (Chazzan) and most congregants are Bene Israel. Ben Zion has tears in his eyes before the service remembering his synagogue 50 years ago, before the vast majority of India’s Jews emigrated to Israel. “There were 15,000 Jews in Bombay –people would sleep next door to walk to synagogue on holidays. We needed extra services in the Sassoon Library across the street because there wasn’t room for everyone.” Scanning nostalgically from the rows of empty benches to the unused women’s gallery, he sighs, “Today, even on Yom Kippur there are only 25 people.”
Ever since Bene Israel villagers encountered Elijah incarnate 2000 years ago, touching down his chariot along the Indian coast, the community has celebrated, given thanks and made wishes invoking his name. Their "Malida" ceremony, in particular, consists of offering prayers, songs and bowls of fruits and flowers to the Prophet Elijah.
Though no one is certain exactly where and when the Malida originated, Benny suggests it has roots in antiquity, created to prevent Jews from mixing with the local Hindu population. "The Hindus did their ceremony to their gods, with fruits, singing and flowers," says Benny. "Our kids would go and have a good time mixing with the Hindus. So to compete, we came up with the joyous Malida honoring Eliahu."
Dayan Samson Penkar stands at the doorway to Beth Ha Elohim, the 130 year-old synagogue in Pen, a village two hours southeast of Bombay. Bene Israel historians tell that when seven, exiled Jewish couples first shipwrecked on the Konkan Coast nearly 2000 years ago, they believed they would not stay long. As they scattered to villages, they took their father’s (or, if married women, their husband’s) names as second names (e.g., in Dayan’s case, Samson). They assigned surnames (e.g, Penkar) with the name of their village (in this case, Pen) and the suffix “-kar,” meaning in the local language, "a sojourner." Centuries later, nearly all of the Bene Israel – like most of their non-Jewish, Maharashtrian neighbors, have surnames ending in ‘-kar.’ Today, fewer than 10 Bene Israel families live in Pen, most with the last name “Penkar.”
Though the Malida and certain other Bene Israel customs may have Indian roots, Benny credits the Bene Israel parents for keeping the community from idol worship. "My father died when I was ten years old but not before he heard me singing the Eliahu Ha'Navi prayer." With Hazzan Dandekar's passionate teaching, the Bene Israel community's future will be secured for generations to come.
Bryan Schwartz and Sandy Carter visited the Bene Israel community of India's Maharashtra Province in 2000 and will present its members in vivid text and photographs in their book with Jay Sand, Scattered Among the Nations.

Ending the Axis of Evil
While totalitarianism found itself rising most tragically during the 20 century even Islamism is now undergoing comprehensive global self-discreditization; indeed historically like all the other totalitarian ideologies before it. The evil gods of totalitarianism have not only lost their power & appeal, they have been conclusively & finally killed, indeed fully exterminated by freedom.
However, four hideouts of totalitarianism still remain where most brutal totalitarian terror still rules indisputed and these are North Korea, Eritrea, the Islamic State Caliphate and the al Qaida State in northern Syria. Al Qaida of course still controls a few other enclaves here and there around the world. The leadership of Iran is now abandoning totalitarianism much as have the leaderships of most nominally Communist states already done.
However, the Axis of Evil and its four remaining states are still in place although under increasing internal and external pressure. North Korea is approaching comprehensive state collapse while all four remaining totalitarian states increasingly face an overwhelming internal collapse of ideological credibility. The Islamic State and the al Qaida State find themselves under increasing military pressure by Israel’s allies such as Syria and Kurdistan. Turkey as still under some control of the Muslim Brotherhood Islamist regime finds itself on the brink of an urban popular revolution, despite still retaining significant popular support outside of the major metropolitan regions.
However, the strategic threat of totalitarianism must not be underestimated and the strategic cooperation between the four remaining totalitarian states poses a profound threat to global security despite ideological differences between the four. However, they certainly have more in common than dividing them as totalitarian forms of governance are quite similar irrespective of nominal ideology. North Korea is thus a Communist state with a Neo-Nazi (“Juche”) state ideology advocating national racial purity of blood and practicing serial monarchic succession within the same ruling family. While there are certainly differences between the al Qaida state in Syria and the Islamic State Caliphate, the ideological and religious similarities are overwhelming indeed. Eritrea remains a totalitarian anomaly in Africa bizarrely practicing 25 years of compulsory military service for men.
The increasing strategic coordination between the four remaining members of the Axis of Evil however do still pose a significant threat as there are increasing extremely credible indications that the increasingly desperate Axis of Evil is planning significant global escalation, including mass terrorism with weapons of mass destruction. As their evil gods are now dead and have indeed been all been finally liquidated by the tremendous, indeed completely overwhelming Power of Freedom, the leaderships of the four remaining totalitarian regimes now face the strategic choice between abandoning totalitarianism and facing the strategic reality of increasingly imminent comprehensive regime collapse.,_Iraqi,_and_Lebanese_insurgencies.png
The Al Qaida State in Syria in white and the Islamic State Caliphate in gray as of June 3, 2016.
Indeed the four remaining still ideologically believing totalitarian states must make the strategic decision of abandoning totalitarianism once and for all or face the painful reality of total war by means of the US military doctrine of Rapid Dominance, also known as Shock and Awe. There can be no more tolerance for totalitarianism in the community of nations and so the four remaining members of the Axis of Evil will face complete collapse unless they speedily make the choice of abandoning totalitarianism. The remaining strategic threat as posed by the Axis of Evil is tremendous and so the Axis of Evil must end or be ended by all legitimate means, inclueeding Total War.
North Korea’s strategic cooperation with the Islamic State Caliphate and the al Qaida state in error Syria has increasingly deepened in recent years despite the seemingly nominally insurmountable ideological dissimilarities between North Korea on the one hand and the Islamic State Caliphate and the al Qaida state on the other. Political misalliances are however nothing new in political history such as the 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact between totalitarian dictators Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union and Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany and which indeed directly commenced WW2.
The Axis of Evil would be most ill-advised to underestimate the tremendous political resolve and immense military power of the community of nations to end the scourge of totalitarianism once and for all. North Korean plans for attacking major US cities with nuclear weapons are simply intolerable to say the least as are the completely intolerable genocidal threat posed against the peaceloving & prodemocratic Kurdish people by the Islamic State Caliphate and its weapons of mass destruction as are indeed al Qaida’s apparent plans for unprecedented global terrorism, including the use of weapons of mass destruction against major cities around the world.
The Axis of Evil must face the reality that they stand no chance of surviving neither politically nor militarily and that their only choice is between voluntarily leaving totalitarianism or going down in blood. Indeed the Axis of Evil would be particularly well advised to act rationally or else face the Overwhelming Power & Wrath of Freedom. Indeed, North Korea and Eritrea are certainly more predisposed to act rationally in this regard than the twin lunatic Salafist states of al Qaida in Syria and the Islamic State Caliphate. However, human beings are certainly predisposed with ability for reasoning and so the four remaining members of the Axis of Evil are therefore advised to end the lunacy of their respective regimes and behave rationally now that their evil gods are all dead and gone forever.

Steps to Redemption of the Igbos
Any person that uses the brain will be depressed by 'Nigeria', and an Igbo, more so, because if the Igbos had gotten things right, Igboland, and the Igbo community would have been an oasis in the actual hell that sub-Saharan Africa has turned into. Before we decided to become like others we were ahead; far ahead. Even colonial officers who declared their hatred for us stated so loud and clear. R. Collis said that we hadn't malnutrition-because we ate green vegetables (unlike the others, including the Yoruba whom the Igbos worship today because they take them to, and teach them about Christ). My book The Igbos: Jews In Africa carefully laid out these, and more. Nwanne Chukwu has given us enough tools to free ourselves. Didn't He empower people, including our son Emeagwali to make the Internet, and make it available in our time? So that we would use it to look back, look at the present, and march into the future with knowledge and wisdom! However we must decide to be free. And we must decide to be holy, because we are the seed of the only people who entered a covenant with Him. We were at Sinai. Remember His warning through Prophet Amos if I recall correctly,' Israel, ye alone have I known among the nations, (be careful because), I 'll look into all your transgressions). The child we love we must reprove! Nothing wrong with loving money (other Nigerians love it even more than Igbos). I proved that in The Igbos: Jews In Africa, but as Igbo wisdom (the Igbo sense) has gone, Igbos do everything crassly. The same colonialists said that they didn't see prostitution as a commercial venture among the Igbos, but today all the brothels in Nigeria have more Igbo girls, than girls from the other groups in Nigeria. the Igbos: Jews In Africa provided facts and figures that showed that ndi Igbo wu o muta ogbakaria-the amateur who out-dances the professionals.The 'genocide' was a consequence of a crime! High treason! Committed by the Igbos! I'll try to forward to you my article which was published in the National Times newspaper. I don't know why Igbos refuse to see what should be obvious. I don't know why Igbos refuse to understand what 'Biafra' really stands for: Well I shouldn't be surprised> Didn't Moses say that one of the consequences of idolatry would be lack of discernment and wisdom? I told you in one of my last letters that as Igbos withdraw from Omenana/Laws of the God of Israel, that their wisdom, power, etc, will be reducing. Okpara and co were prophets if compared to contemporary Igbos, but midgets when compared to Joshua, David, Elijah, Isaiah, Equiano, the type that Okonkwo of Things Fall Apart is the prototype of, and their other ancestors. Igbos can only begin to think about redemption of any kind when a sizable number of Igbos break free from the yoke of idolatry. This is easy to achieve. If the Igbos know what is Omenana, and begin to practice it, they will break free of idolatry. It’s not easy for me to say the following as I could be misunderstood, and viewed as indulging in self-adulation. But as we are dialoguing I'll talk. With God's help I have been able to excavate the true history of the Igbos, and have also found the true Igbo culture. It is Omenana, and I found evidence that it is the culture of Israel, and that it remains pure, even while the Igbos regressed, and degenerated. Presently a group of Igbo academics, professionals, and artists, based in Nigeria, and abroad, who have read some of my books have been assembling with the objective of rebuilding the Igbo people with what they found in the books. In the words of the facilitator, and the chairman of the 'Platform, 'we have read many Igbo texts, but The Igbos: Jews In Africa' gave us a key which we had not known about previously'. And in the words of a leader of the group based abroad, 'after reading the book, it was no longer gloom and doom, as I began to see light at the end of the tunnel'. If you read some of them you'll have the same feelings, and will begin to think of how to make sure that many if not all Igbos begin to read them, and begin to study about the Igbos. And who made it possible for us to have what is actually the base of Igbo Studies? It's the Jews! Today a Jewish company is working to publish' From Ibri To Igbo-Forty Million More Jews In West Africa' beside which the books which kick-started the afore-mentioned group pales into insignificance. More on that later, but I'll drop this before I sign off now, to restart later. If the Igbos begin to study the Jews, as they study the Igbos, redemption will come in no time.
Note: The treason wasn't against Nigeria, but against the God of our forefathers. A close reading of Deut 28 will convince you that we benefited from the blessings when we recognized Him alone as our God, and tried to keep His commandments, and that the Igbos are reaping the curses presently, because the Igbos have turned to another god, whom their fathers did not know.