jueves, 9 de julio de 2015

Anglo-Israelism, Ephraimitism, Two-House Movement... & British Israelism explained 1

Among the clans of Zebulon is Sered that gave birth to Suardinoi (Sweden), Suardone, Suarini (Holland). Has he named Sardinia too?

Is the Danish island of Funen named after Phoenician Israelites?

Alpin in Phoenician tongue (Hebrew pretty much) is high mountain. The Alps were obviously called after that term by other Hebrews, the Israelite Celts. 

The skull shapes found in the area of kurgans (mounds), in what was Khazarland, show that the majority of Khazars were western European looking. This fact ratifies the British Israel belief in the Lost Israelite (not to confuse with Jewish) origin of the Khazars. This was found in ruins of Sarkhill, the second Khazar capital, near Zimlianskay station, ob the Lower Don Basin.

The American revolution had a great biblical influence from the beginning. The Old Testament was turned into a revolutionary text. The Puritans of the colonial New England regarded themselves to be children of the personages of the Old Testament. LIke the Jews they gave their children names taken from the Old Testament & read it in their way to find God, since they considered Christ, the Messiah, to be found in it. They also compared the king of England with the Pharaoh of Egypt, America with the Promised Land & the travel thru the Atlantic with the thr travel of Israel thru the desert. Washington was likened to Joshua. as Samuel warned the Israelites against having a king they decided not to have a king, just as the modern zionists did at the creation of the State of Israel. The Bible exerted great influence on the Constitution. As the Bible was the cradle of the American Revolution so it wasfor the zionists in the creation of the Jewish State. When the Univesity of Harvard was founded you had to learn Hebrew together with Latin & Greek. Hebrew was part of educated person's curriculum. Hebrew even was suggested to be the national language of new nation.

Free societies are prone to be prosperous attracting foreign capital & bringing prosperity for everyone. One of the reasons, if not the main, that the British empire was so powerful while the Spanish was not so powerful & prosperous is that there was freedom of worshipping for the Jews. These Jews came in great part from the Spanish possesions in Europe. They brought plenty of economic resources to the British monarchs that were able finance the empire. In the same way Livorno (later belonging to Florence) became a thriving area. It also had a liberal policy towards the Jews, but also toward Moors, Turks, Armenians... That turned Livorno into a melting pot & economic power later imitated by the celebrated Thirteen Colonies that eventually became the USA. Eventually Florence took over Livorno, but that free spirit was passed to Florence becoming a very prosperous & powerful republic. In Florence indeed was borne the Renaissance, an epoch of light out of the darkness of the Middle Ages.

Just as the Israelites didn't allowed their rulers to lack parts of their body so did the ancient Irish. It's also remarkable that one of the first ancient rulers of Ireland was named Eber, a variant of Heber, ancestor of the Hebrews. Emer is another name with Hebrew origin found among the ancient Celts. Celtic women had the right to inherit, just as Israelite women, but unlike Roman ones. Like the ancient Levites three subdivisions so did the druids (druids, vates & bards). Druids were exempt from paying taxes, just like Levites. They were considered sacred, while the Levites were the only ones dealing with the sacred things of the temple. Both Levites & druids were the ones dealing with the offerings & sacrifices alike. Even the Levites, or part of them, were the musicians just as part of the druids were (the bards). As the ancient Israelites again, the Celts had a great sense of freedom. Like in ancient Israel, the priests were, during righteous times, regarded as equals or above the monarchs. The prophets were part of the priestly class in Israel as the prophets were part of the druids among the Celts.

Sometimes people wonder why if British, Americans, Australians, Canadians, Newzealanders... are Israelites or the offspring of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel they don't have any typical Israelite tradition nowadays.  There's indeed a great & spread out tradition of clear Israelite origin & it's circumcision. At least it's highly practiced among Christian Americans.

Ness is snake in Hebrew (Nissa in Japanese). Does it have any relation to the Monster of Loch Ness? It's pretty much a snake after vall.

From the city Tarshish (Tarsis), home of the Apostle Paul on the southwest coast of modern Spain, we learn that the Celts in that locality called themselves “Iberiu,” a name strikingly similar to the Habiru of the Amarna letters and our word “Hebrew.” Indeed, France, Spain and Portugal occupy a peninsula that is called Iberia to this day, derived from the name of the people who inhabited the region. In fact, the people who live there were historically called Celtiberians, a combination of the two names the Israelites brought with them: Kelts (Galatae, Galileans) and Iberiu (Habiru, Hebrews).

Manasseh’s name means “forgetfulness” (Hitchcock Bible Names). This is one characteristic that America definitely has. Their lack of remembering the lessons from historyand learning from them. They have forgotten their God, Jesus Christ. America’s Heritage has been forgotten. “... look unto the rock whence ye are hewn,” (Isa 51:1). They have forgotten Plymouth Rock, and the original foundations in which America was founded.

In the book of Genesis, we read that “...Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age, and he made him a COAT OF MANY COLORS” (Gen 37:3). Why isit that the people of the British Isles, the Celts throughout all of their history, and the Scythians, and Scottish people have plaid coats and Tartans, and have worn them for centuries?

“The Kimbri swore by a brazen bull, which they carried with them” (p. 34). This fact is a grim reminder of the idolatrous “calf worship” which Jeroboam (first king of the Ten Tribes of Israel) introduced intothe Northern Kingdom. Where, then, is all of this leading us? It follows from all the above that though the language of the British Celts may have superficially conformed to an Indo-European type it had enough Semitic and Hebraic features to confirm the notion that Hebrew had beentheir original tongue. This explanation fits best all of the facts in our possession taken from all disciplines concerned with the subject.

"The Sacae referred to by Strabo mean (in this case) the Amyrgian Scyths who had been centred around Maracanda and nearby Maruka in Sogdiana." (ibid, p.72). He goes on to say, "The names Maracanda, Marycae, Maruca, and Margiana were connected to that of the Sacae Amyrgio who intermittently dominated this region. These appellations (Amyrgio, Maruca) are similar to permutations (Aimerico, Maghario, Aymeri) known in Europe for the name Machir...The Mercian Saxons and Myrings in Europe were also referred to as 'SKATI MARUKA', meaning Scyths from Maruka (Amyrgian Scyths)"

From the Myringas evolved into the Mercian Saxons.

Is it a co-incidence the the United States of America was colonized by mainly the Mercian Saxons, Jutes and. Saxons that we can trace back to the tribe of Manasseh?

It is not in the least surprising that the ancient writers found a caste of priests holding power and influence over the earliest, pre-Christian inhabitants of northwestern Europe and the British Isles who were volunteers, and not of any specific ethnic or tribal origin; who worshipped the symbols of the bull (Taurus); whose chieftains wore the horns of a bull (many archaeological finds substantiate this - the "vikings" used such, and it was common among ancient Celts); who worshipped in "groves" (asherah); who practiced the mysterious rites of the ancient Babylonish mystery religion!

Some ancient mythology no doubt began as true stories, told innumerable times around the evening fires of scattered peoples. How many tales are there about dragons, huge beasts, giants and the like, who guard castles on remote precipices which are filled with inestimable treasures? What about Jack and the Beanstalk; Jack and the Giant Killer, St. George and the Dragon, and so many more? Are not these but modern versions of ancient myths - some of which may have originated with the tales of sojourners who had been turned away from the entrance to Eden by a roaring cherub, which may have appeared as a many-visaged beast, or a firebreathing dragon?

The world has come tobelieve the Jews—EXCLUSIVELY—are God’s chosen people. Virtually no one talks or wonders about the identity of the other tribes. They have become almost entirely forgotten. Yet, today they number between perhaps 500-600 million!

God says, “Ephraim feeds on wind, and follows after the east wind” (Hos. 12:1). East winds come from the east but blow WEST—and this had to be the direction relative to Jerusalem!

Jacob’s descendants, who make up most of the western' world, i.e., America, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, western Christian Europe, and numerous Islands.

Traditionally, Ireland is subdivided into four provinces: Connacht, Leinster, Munster, and Ulster – interesting that 'King Coniah' was the last legitimate king of Judah. Connacht, means 'land of the descendants of Conn'. Coniah: {Konyahuw} means 'The Lord will establish'. Coniah is another name for King Jehoiachin of Judah, the next to last king on the throne before the captivity. Zedekiah, aka Mattaniah, was the last king of Judah, placed on the throne by Nebuchadnezzar, so legitimately, by natural succession, Coniah was the last rightful kind of Judah. More than likely, it was the daughters of Coniah that Jeremiah took to the Isles, and not the daughters of Zedekiah.

The Druids believed in a Supreme Power over the Universe and the belief in the Immortality of the human soul. In Wales, there were three classes of Druids - the Bards, the Ovates, and the Druid priests. Bards were the historians and teachers, Ovates were the herbalist and doctors, and Druids were the priests. So revered were the Levite-Druid priests and Bards, that schools were set up to learn of their vast knowledge - especially that of medicinal practices. The immense power of the Druids became the weakness for the Celtic people. No culture that is ruled by priests, drawing their authority from spiritual sanctions, is capable of ruling a kingdom. The Druid's adherence to their religion inevitably helped bring down their kingdom of Welsh chieftains. After the advent of Christianity, the Druids were not allowed to practice their priestly duties at all.

 Isaiah 35:7 ‘And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be leeks with reeds and rushes’.

“On a collation of the Irish with the Celtic, Punic, Phoenician and Hebrew languages, the strongest affinity, (nay a perfect Identity in very many Words) will appear, it may therefore be deemed a Punic-Celtic compound.' 'From the Hebrew proceeded the Phoenician, from the Phoenician, Carthaginian, or Punic was derived the Aeolian, Dorian and Etruscan and from these was formed the Latin.

Dr Beauford, in Druidism Revived says, 'It is remarkable that all the ancient altars found in Ireland, and now distinguished by the name of Cromlechs or sloping stones, were originally called Bothal, or the House of God, and they seem to be of the same species as those mentioned in the Book of Genesis, called by the Hebrews, Bethel, which has the same signification as the Irish Bothal'. The Druids used the magic wand in imitation of Moses' rod, poured libations, sacrificed upon the tops of rocks, investigated truth by lots, anointed rock pillars with oil, and marked out boundaries with stones. The Druids wore priestly garments; the high priest wore a breastplate, exactly as did the ancient Levitical priests. After all, Jereboam's selected and volunteer priesthood was merely a counterfeit, standing in place of the Levites. British historians have been struck by the amazing similarity between Druidism and the rituals of the Levitical priesthood of ancient Israel. "Many other authorities have noted the resemblance between the Druidic religion and that of the Old Testament. To quote Charles Hulbert, a noted British scholar: 'So near is the resemblance between the Druidic religion of Britain and the patriarchial religion of the Hebrews, that we hesitate not to pronounce their origin the same'"

The LEEK is a national emblem of Wales and the Welsh flag depicts a red dragon. The Welsh word for dragon is 'draig' or 'ddraich', which means leader, warrior, or chieftain, and denotes bravery. Regarding the leek, according to legend, Saint David ordered his Welsh soldiers to identify themselves by wearing this herb on their helmets when going into battle against the Saxons.

Supposedly this order came about because their troop at the time, was situated in a leek field amongst the reeds and rushes. Legend has it that some 60 years after St. David's death, in 640 CE, the Briton King Cadwallader was greatly disturbed by invading Saxons. To distinguish themselves from the enemy, the Welsh wore leeks in their hats and subsequently gained a great victory over their enemies, so maybe there was a secret found within the leek.

It seems ironic that one of the early kingdoms of Wales was the 'kingdom of Dyred' (similar to Darod, the Somali version of David), which is a Celtic take on the name 'David', the beloved king of the 'lost tribes of Israel'. The patron saint of Wales is St. David, with St. David's day celebrated annually on March 1st.

Christopher Columbus was a sailor of ships and colonizer-explorer for the throne of Spain. He reached America in 1492-98 on behalf of all Israelites the world over. Paintings of Columbus depicts a fair complected man with blondish hair and blue eyes, who was undoubtedly an Israelite from the Genoa area.

Time is determined from the hub of 'Zion' in the form of Universal Time [UT], which is a timescale based on the rotation of the Earth. It is a modern continuation of Greenwich Mean Time [GMT], i.e., the mean solar time on the meridian ofçGreenwich, which is the conventional zero meridian for geographic longitudes. GMT is sometimes used as a synonym for UTC.

Celtic people worshiped in groves much the same as the northern tribes of Israel. The Druids met in sacred groves on hills or by rivers, indicating a connection with Simeon as well as Levi.

History recognizes that the Celtic peoples first appeared in the British Isles around 600 BCE. Ironically, it was in 615 BCE that the northern Israelite tribes were released from Assyrian captivity. 

The name ‘Pict’ means ‘the painted people’. Curiously, in Hebrew the word for ‘painted’ is the very same word used for ‘anointed’, which means to smear, spread a liquid or oil, or the anointed ones, i.e. the painted ones. The Picts could have been from the original remnant that Jeremiah planted at the height of the northern tribes, ie, the 'anointed ones’. 

Celtic people worshiped in groves much the same as the northern tribes of Israel. The Druids met in sacred groves on hills or by rivers, indicating a connection with Simeon as well as Levi.

History recognizes that the Celtic peoples first appeared in the British Isles around 600 BCE. Ironically, it was in 615 BCE that the northern Israelite tribes were released from Assyrian captivity. 

Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the Lord which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God. These waymarks also include the huge stone megaliths erected by the ancient ones to represent the path of the wandering Israelites, and when followed, would lead to the British Isles, where there are numerous megaliths and dolmens. 

Many researchers hail the in-scription on the Behistun Rock as making the con-nection. This large inscription, carved into the faceof a cliff overlooking the main caravan route fromBaghdad to Teheran, was commissioned by Darius I,King of Persia (521-486 B.C.E.). The inscription,written in three languages—Persian, Elamite, and Akkadian (Babylonian), chronicles Darius’s defeat of ten local rebel chieftains. Now ten is definitely aninteresting number to a “lost tribes” researcher, but itdoes not render proof of identity. The inscriptiondoes prominently mention the area of “Armenia” which is where the Israelite deportees were resettled.What most researchers consider to be proof of theIsraelite identity of the Scythian/Cimmerians is thatin the list of the nations that Darius subjugated is apopulation group known as the Sakka (Scythians) inthe Persian and Elamite inscriptions and as Gimiri (Cimmerian) in the Akkadian inscription.

The belief in the persistence of the Ten Tribes resembles the Shiite faith in the occluded Twelfth Imam or the Czech national story of the Hussite warriors hidden in Mt. Blánik. Just as the Hussites are said to stand ready to aid the Czech people in their time of need, and the Twelfth Imam is to emerge to bring salvation as Mahdi, the Ten Tribes were imagined to have a large army ready to defend the Jews. They offered the consolations of strength in the face of loss, eventual triumph following defeat, succor amid distress. 

Jacob's people can be found in the British Isles, Canada, United States, Australia, South Africa, Russia, Denmark, Sweden, France, Germany, the Baltic nations, various Islands, and other European countries. Israelite people, such as the Celtic, Danish, Swedish, and Anglo-Saxon people, and forget about the Germanic, Baltic, and Slavic peoples, who are also Israelite.

CELTIC [Leah's 6 sons] Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, Brittany [northern France], &
Isle of the Manx

ANGLO-SAXON [Rachel's son Joseph] Anglo-Saxon England & the United States of America, aka Ephraim and Manasseh

DUTCH [Rachel's son Benjamin] Belgium, Netherlands

GERMANIC [Bilhah's son Dan] Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein

NORSEMEN [Bilhah's son Naphtali] Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland

BALTIC [Zilpha's son Asher] Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia

SLAVIC [Zilpha's son Gad] Russians, Ukraine, Czech, Poland, Belarus

Attica comprised 139 political districts (demes), assigned variously to the recognized ten tribes; regardless of how far from the walled urban center a deme might be, its registered members were Athenian. Is the number 10 of the Athenian tribes taken after the one of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? After all the Spartans were Israelites. In fact it's believed that were Israelites even ruling Athens.

Notice that the tribe of Joseph received double blessings through Ephraim and Manasseh.  Also, be aware that Israel (Jacob) had to cross his arms to lay his right hand on Ephraim. Typically, there is a cross on the flags of the commonwealths' of Great Britain: Great Britain, England, Ireland, Scotland, Australia & New Zealand.

Moses performed miracles with his rod thatnks to the power of God. After this rod is said that the druids had wands from which it is believed to have come magic wands. Magic is no other thing but an imitation of God's power. Even the Gypsy's cachavas could have the same origin because they're not meant to be a cane for the patriarch or Gypsy leader.

Etymologists, philologists, archaeologists, and historians, yes, and the Bible itself, state that there is a tripartate division of the human race, Mongoloid (Japheth), Caucasoid (Shem), Negroid (Ham); and, from these three, sub races developed.

“Bruce’s letter preserves an intriguing allusion to the origin of the Scots and throws light on one of history’s most fascinating mysteries . . . what was the fate of the so-called “Ten Lost Tribes of Israel.”“Robert Bruce and his Knights . . . date their beginnings as a nation one thousand two hundred years after the outgoing (Exodus – 1453 B.C.) of the ‘people of Israel.’ Thus they claim descent from the Israelites in Egypt.”

The U.S.A. in Modern Hebrew is called "Artsot-HaBRIT" meaning literally "Lands of the Covenant". "Yank" is a nickname for Americans. Yankmeans Jacob.

Who controlled the gates such as the Suez Canal, Panama Canal, Straight of Gibraltar, Falkland Islands, Hong Kong, Khyber Pass, Malta, Singapore, and many, many other areas?

One important link is the term Scythians (Celts); the people who dwell in booths.

Britain fought a war to retain the Falkland Islands in 1982 and Hong Kong continued, with tacit Chinese agreement, as a British dependency until 1997.

Do Oktober Fest, Halloween, Thanksgiving, All the Saints Day, Black Thursday... coincide with Jewish festivities like Sukkot, Yom Kippur, Rosh Hassanah...?

At Millerite Camp-Meetings the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel began to Return to their Hebrew-Jewish Roots in the early 1840s.

The empire as our parents & grandparents knew it ceased to exist. But a new thing happened that had never happened to any previous empire in world's history. In place of the new free asociation of sovereign states came to being, all owing allegiance to the head of the Commonwealth as it was named Queen Elizabeth II. The great empires of the past had all disintegrated but the nations of the British empire chose to retain their links with Britain. Some still look to the Queen as their sovereign, while others became republics, but all are equally members of the Commonwealth. There can be no doubt that the Queen, by her devotion to duty & the strength & charm of her personality has played, & continues to play, a major holding of the Commonwealth together.

The origins of the multinational enterprises go back to the XIVth century of which are examples the trading enterprises that operated in the Hanseatic League, the English East India Company & the Dutch East India Company, the Hudson's Bay Company, etc. Nevertheless, the first really important development of the multinationalo enterprises begun at the end of the XIXth century appearing in a simultaneous way in some European countries & in the USA.

The empire as our parents & grandparents knew it ceased to exist. But a new thing happened that had never happened to any previous empire in world's history. In place of the new free asociation of sovereign states came to being, all owing allegiance to the head of the Commonwealth as it was named Queen Elizabeth II. The great empires of the past had all disintegrated but the nations of the British empire chose to retain their links with Britain. Some still look to the Queen as their sovereign, while others became republics, but all are equally members of the Commonwealth. There can be no doubt that the Queen, by her devotion to duty & the strength & charm of her personality has played, & continues to play, a major holding of the Commonwealth together.

Omri, the sixth king of Israel, built the city of Samaria, the third and permanent capital of Israel, and that eventually the entire country, formerly called "All Israel," became known as Samaria, because that was the name of its capital also that Samaria became one of the national names of Israel, and is so used in some prophecies concerning them. Hence Omri is regarded as the real founder of the kingdom of Samaria, and Samaria-­Israel was often referred to by other nations as the House of Omri.

There are some cases where parents are of one tribe and a child may be declared to be of a different tribal lineage. While the purpose of this paper is not to explore the genetics of the transmission of tribal lineage, it is sufficient to say some individuals may have some genetic influence from more than one tribe, although only one tribe is declared as primary in each patriarchal blessing. There may also be dominant and recessive traits associated with lineage. When mixed lineage is present, lineage of Ephraim and Manasseh frequently appear to be dominant. For example, most full-blooded Irish members are of the tribe of Dan, while the overwhelming preponderance of those of mixed Irish ancestry – Irish-American, Irish-Scottish, Irish-English, etc. – are of the tribe of Ephraim. This concept of dominant and recessive inheritance may explain at least in part why there are so many LDS members of the lineage of Ephraim and Manasseh.

A lake called Manasarovar appears in a line of the Ramayana ie '"the lake Manasa" (any relation to the Israelite tribe?). Skanda-purana, a sacred Hindu text tell the story. Does it have any relation with the Israelite Skandinavians?

German Marcomanni in Bohemia invaded Bavaria and, on their departure, the Czechs settled in Bohemia.

The U.S.A. in Modern Hebrew is called "Artsot-HaBRIT" meaning literally "Lands of the Covenant". "Yank" is a nickname for Americans. Yank means Jacob.

A Little Israel in Modern Romania?

In Romania there are regions that were centuries ago colonized by Germans. The most remarkable of these regions were Burzenland & Nösnerland. The most remarkable local Germans are the Danube Swabians & the Transylvanian Saxons, both peoples being regarded as Israelites. 

Interestingly the coat of arms of Burzenland above has a big Fleur de Lis & two Stars of David. Since the defeat of Germany in WWII & even more so at the fall of communism nearly & German's reunification, nearly all Germans (from the ex Soviet Union & Soviet satellites) have moved to the west of current Germany (the ex West Germany). Moreover, Romania's Prime Minister in 2015 is a Saxon, from the few saxons that stayed. Some of the areas that once had a huge German minority & now a tiny one are the Volga Republic (Russia), Silesia (Poland), Sudetes (Czechia)...

This is a short non exhaustive list of place names in north west Romania with possible Israelite names: Zimbru (Cymru?), Arad, Finis (Phoenician?), Troas (Troja?), Siria (Syria?), Samara.
If Hitler knew that a great part of the Germans, not just pockets, were really Lost Israelites (not Jews, because the Jews were from the southern kingdom. From Judah, not Israel, although their modern independent state is called Israel, instead of Judea as it correspomds.) he would have been thoroughly dissapointed to say the least. More so when knowing that one of their symbols in Rumania was a Star of David.

The Israelites, after centuries of sojourning in Caucasia, Central Asia...& of having lost their Israelite identity, were known as Saka, Cimmerians, Goths... They ended up mostly in western Europe. These people left a print in place names like Dniester, Dnieper, Don & Danube, named after Dan. There were other Israelitish migratory waves, including the the sailing Phoenicians (toponym Finis) that were mostly of am Israelite background. The far more peopled Israel gave colonists while the Phoenician mariners used their navigational skills. Nevertheless the Israelites were good mariners too, especially tribes like Dan or Zabulon.

After these west waves of Israelites there would be during centuries waves of Germans (sometimes Dutchmen, Scottmen, English...that became "Germans"), mostly peasants, going east tp cultivate & populate sparsely peopled areas in Romania, Hungary, the Balts, Serbia... & even Ukraine, Russia... These Germans were the excuse Hitler gave to conquer Europe. His plan was to reunite all the Germans in one great empire (reich). After the war Germany, not only shrunk, but eventually became divided in two antagonistic States until 1990. Another effect that Hitler achieved as consequence of his defeat is that the a great amount of people of the German diaspora, scattered throughout those European areas, was sent to Germany, leaving behind a shadow of what was once a numerous diaspora. This trend was consumated in the 90's with the end of European communism.

Charles V, the Spanish emperor, offered areas in Sierra Morena, in the south of Spain, to German peasants. They keenly accepted the offer. At the time of the Spanish reconquista, German Swiss mercenaries established in the kingdom of Valencia. Some Germans moved to South America (Argentina, Venezuela, México, Uruguay, Brazil...). The largest German diaspora is by far found in the United States. So many Germans left for this nation that at the beginning of the colony they almost won in making German the national language. During the 20th century the proportion of ethnic Germans grew greatly, to the point that there are more states with an ethnic German majority than from any other background. These Germans were Lost Manassehites that mingled there with the British Lost Manassehites.

Wales is Cymru in Welsh. This might the origin of the Romanian place name Zimbru. Cymru is considered to derive from Cimmerian or Cimbrian. These two names would derive from Kumri, a name of an Israelite king after which his people were named.

The Romanian city of Arad has the very name of an Israelite city.

The Trojans were Israelites. Troy is its name in English, but the Greeks were their neighbors, so their Greek name is more likely to be closer to the original. Τροία (Troia) was is Greek name & it’s not far from Troas, the Rumanian's town name.

Siria, really close to the name Syria was Israel's neighbor & then part of the Israelite empire.

Finally Samara is another form of Samaria, the Northern Israelite capital.

Dan, Naphtali and Asher –Where were they in History?

Dan, Naphtali and Asher were assigned to be together in the Ancient Land of Israel. They were located on the North Side of the Camp of Israel. Dan would pitch on the North, with Asher and Naphtali. Eagle was the Symbol for all three tribes.


Dan would pitch on the North, with Asher and Naphtali. Mother was Bilah. The mother of Dan was Bilhah who also bore Nephtali. Dan and Nephtali are often linked with each other. We identify Napthtali with Norway and Dan with Denmark.

Gen 49:16 Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. Gen 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. Gen 49:18 “I wait for your deliverance, LORD.

Dan – “God is judge”. 1st born of Bilhah. Type of Judas or the anti-christ? Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path..” Gen. 49:17, also Amos 8:14. Missing from the Rev 144,000. (This was Samson’s tribe).


Dan’s symbols are a lion, a eagle, snake, a dragon, a white horse and a Griffin. (creature with the body, tail, and back legs of a lion; the head and wings of an eagle) The serpent was the primary symbol of Dan, but the white horse was its secondary symbol. Its primary symbol has largely been superceded by his secondary emblem, the horse, usually pictured as being white. In Denmark, a white horse appears on the shield in the Royal Arms.

Dan’s was jacinth and the color of his flag was similar to sapphire.

History of Dan

At first the Tribe of Dan received an inheritance around the area of Joppa but the Amorites forced Dan into the Mountains. Most of the inheritance of Dan in the south was to be lost to the Amorites and Philistines and later regained by the Israelite Tribes of Ephraim. Judges 2;34 35. The Bible says that Danites from the south went out (northward) and conquered a place called Leshem (Joshua 19) that they renamed Dan: They did the same thing with another place called Laish (Judges chapter 18).
So Dan was the first tribe associated with Idol worship. They were the ones who introduced idols to the rest of the tribes.

“The six hundred Danites, armed for battle, stood at the entrance to the gate. The five men who had spied out the land went inside and took the carved image, the ephod, the other HOUSEHOLD GODS and the cast IDOL while the priest and the six hundred armed men stood at the entrance to the gate. When the men went into Milcah’s house and took the carved image, the ephod, the other household gods, and the cast idol, the priest said to them, ‘What are you doing?’ They answered him, ‘Be quiet! Don’t say a word! Come with us and be OUR FATHER AND PRIEST. Isn’t it better that you serve a tribe and clan in Israel as priest rather than just one man’s household?’ Then the priest was glad” (Jud. 1:16-20). Jdg 18:11 -20

The fact that Dan is left out of the 144,000 of the tribes of Israel listed in Revelation 7 does not mean they are not saved. Rather, it just means their salvation is “delayed.”

Gen 49:18 “I wait for your deliverance, LORD.

Dan introduced idolatry to the rest of the tribes of Israel. God is holding them responsible for introducing idols to the other tribes.

Amos 8:14 Those who swear by the idols of Samaria, who say, ‘By the god of Dan’ or ‘By the god of Beersheba’—those people will fall and not rise again.”

Because they were so steeped in idolatry they will not be part of the firstfruits mentioned in Rev. 7. However, they will be saved.

Rom 11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. Rom 11:26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: Rom 11:27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

Part of Antichrist

Many believe that the tribe of Dan will be part of the Antichrist because the Antichrist is associated with a white horse. The Bible speaks of the “white horse” as the first of the four horsemen of the Apocalypse, riding to war with a bow (Rev.6:2).

Jer 8:16 The snorting of his horses was heard from Dan: the whole land trembled at the sound of the neighing of his strong ones; for they are come, and have devoured the land, and all that is in it; the city, and those that dwell therein. Jer 8:17 For, behold, I will send serpents, cockatrices, among you, which will not be charmed, and they shall bite you, saith the LORD.

Dan on Ships

“Why did DAN remain in ships?” (Judges 6;7) There is a inscription that links Dan with both Dor and Jaffo off the coast of Israel and thus with the Sea Peoples. Also we know they traveled to purchase iron ores.

“Dan and Yavan from Uzzal were your sub-contracting intermediaries, they produced iron manufactures, alloyed, and in bars. They were amongst your guarantors” (Ezekiel 27;19).

Dan in Greece

The Son of Samson was credited for conquering Greece. Apparently Samson had a child by a slave girl. According to Herodotus, the Heraclidae (Sons of Hercules or Samson) who led the Dorian invasion of Greece believed themselves descended from Hercules and a slave girl named JARDANUS (Herodotus 1;7).

Dan in Mythology

Dan is associated with Greece Mythology. Apollo was originally a Hittite thunder god who in Greek Mythology through Daphne fathered Mopsus. Mopsus took part in the war with Troy. The mother of Mopsus in mythology was called Daphne which according to Josephus was the name given to a spot at the head reaches of the Jordan River on which the centre of DAN IN THE GALILEE was founded. It was on this spot that King Jeroboam set up one of his golden calves for the Ten Tribes to worship. Josephus says that Dan in the Galilee was also known as “Daphne” which was the name given to the mother of Mopsus!

“Danaus, the father of fifty daughters on coming to Argos took up his abode in the city of Inarchos and throughout Hellas [i.e. Greece] he laid down the law that all people hitherto named Pelasgians (Philistines) were to be named Danaans” (Strabo 5.2.40 quoting Euripides ca. 480-406 BCE). Also Says Diodorus of Sicily wrote about this also.

Wandering of Dan

“Is not Ephraim my dear son, the child in whom I delight? Though I often speak against him, I still remember him. Therefore my heart yearns for him, declares the LORD. SET UP ROAD SIGNS, PUT UP GUIDEPOSTS. Take note of the highway, the road that you take. RETURN, O Virgin Israel, return to your towns. How long will you WANDER, O unfaithful daughter?” (Jer. 31:20-22, NIV).
Everywhere the tribe of Dan went they left his mark. He names Denmark after himself and also many of the rivers in Europe.

Dan’s History of Ireland

After leaving Greece, the tribe of Dan sailed to Ireland and established a colony. They were called Tuathe De Danaan.

Irish Move to America

In 1630 Charles I came to power. In the 1630s, Presbyterians in Scotland staged a rebellion against Charles I for trying to impose Anglicanism. The English Parliament under Oliver Cromwell re-conquered Ireland from the Catholic Confederates in 1649-53. The Wars eliminated the last major Catholic landowners in Ulster.

The Irish fled to America to escape genocide perpetuated by the hands of the English. What is commonly called the Irish Famine was the direct result of a policy limiting what the Irish were allowed to own and eat. When a potato blight struck, many in Europe began to want for food. The English confiscated all food supplies from the Irish countryside in order to SUPPLY food for England. The most reliable estimates put the death toll at 5 to 6 million persons.


The people who migrated before 1845 were mainly Scottish. The Irish did not migrate until the Potato Famine of 1845. Also there was widespread raping of the Irish women. It was the English attempt to bred out the Irish. The Irish women were raped by English landlords so that their babies would be only half-Irish. They would then rape the young half-Irish baby girls when they were old enough to have children as a way to dilute Irish blood further. The men at King’s Plantation were put into forced labor for the duration.

Thus the tribe of Dan also became associated with the United States. Thousands of Irish immigrated to the United States because of the Potato Famine in Ireland in 1845-1846. It is interesting that one symbol of Dan is the “eagle.” The eagle is also the symbol of the United States of America!

Location: Ireland

In the U.S.A. the Irish dominate much of the Police Force; they are officious and inclined to violence”.


Mother was Bilah. Naphtali was the sixth son. His mother was Bilhah, maidservant of Rachel. Dan was his full-brother. Naphtali and Dan are often found together and share some attributes with each other.

Naphtali – means “Wrestling”. Wrestling was what Jacob did prior to receiving the new name of Israel. It’s a word used uniquely in Ephesians 6 is the Armor of God.

Napthali was an amethyst and the color of his flag was like clarified wine of a not very deep red
Location: Sweden

The well-known city of Tiberias by the shores of the Sea of Galilee is in the territory of Naphtali.


The symbol of Naphtali was “A hind let loose” (Genesis 49;21) and a deer or stag was used as a royal symbol by the Kings of Scandinavia. The symbol of Naphtali in Hebrew was an “ayalah” (Genesis 49:21) i.e. a female deer, i.e. a doe or hind.

Gen 49:21 Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words.


Naphtali is associated with the Hebrew month of Adar. Fishel Mael finds much in common between the characteristics of Naphtali and the events of Purim that took place in the month of Adar. Naphtali is always counted last of the Tribes.

We identified Naphtali with Norway though groups from Naphtali were also to be found elsewhere. Norway was known as Thule. The word Thuls means Speaker.

History Of Naphtali

The Naphtali were also known as Abdali, Ye-da, Ye-ta, Ephtha, Hua, Huones, White Huns, Thyssagetae, Little Goths, and other names. A people called Thyssagetae were located by Herodotus in the north of Scythia in the Urals region.

In Scythia one group called itself Nephtali or Cadussi. They were previously north of the Altai Mountains and were part of the Massagetae. They were described by the Chinese with blue eyed and fair-haired. The Nephtalites were called Cadussi by the Greeks, Romans, and Persians but Pliny reported that they termed themselves “Gaeli”. The Cadussi (or Kadussi) later moved northwards into Scythia east of the Ural mountains where they were also referred to as Nephtalites. They later would be called the White Huns. They were called Ephthalites by the Greeks. One of the surviving groups fled to the west and may have been the ancestors of the later Avars in the Danube region.

According to Procopius’s History of the Wars, written in the mid 6th century – the Hephthalites “are of the stock of the Huns in fact as well as in name: however they do not mingle with any of the Huns known to us. They are the only ones among the Huns who have white bodies….”

The Hephthalites (hast to lites) entered Kabul and overthrew Kushan in present day Pakistan. They moved into Bactria and eventually worked their way into Persia. After a series of wars (503–13) they were driven out of Persia, were finally (557) defeated by Khosru I. The White Huns also invaded India and succeeded in extending their domain to include the Ganges valley.

Some of them had later come eastward towards the Great Wall of China where the Juan-juan. The Chinese subjected them so they rebelled and left for the west.

In Scythia, the Lundas Naphtalites and Danites from DAN had been recorded together. In 500 AD they became the Vikings of Scandinavia, especially of NORWAY. There was a large influx of Danes into Denmark at the same time period. By the 700’s Scandinavia appears to have become overpopulated.


It is notable that the Ancient Khazar DNA is akin to the Caucasian Avars.


The English-speaking world has names of Old English origin (like Edward, Alfred and Edith), as well as Norman origin (like William, Roger and Richard) and Old Norse origin (Eric, Arnold and Ronald).


Mother was Zilpah

Gen 49:20 Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.

Asher – means “Blessed” 2nd born of Zilpah.The blessing of Moses said of him: “…Let him dip his foot in oil”.


Asher’s stone was a beryl. The Tribal Standard of Asher was an Olive Tree. He also uses a cup as a symbol.

Gen 49:20 “Asher’s land will produce rich food. He will provide food fit for a king.
Gen 49:20 Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.

LOCATION: Southern Scotland. Ireland, Spain

VANDALS Procopius Gibbon, “The e Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire”, ch.5

The historian Procopius reported that the Vandals had come from the Sea of Azov area just north of the Black Sea by the River Don. The Vandals in the first century CE had been known as Lygians or Lugii. They had then been located by the Upper Vistula River. This culture had originated in the Scythian area but evolved differently from that of the other Scythian peoples. They were located east of the Vistula in present-day Eastern Poland near the Burgundians. Pliny (N.H. 4; 14) said that the VANDALS were a federation composed of the Vandili, Varini, Goths, and Burgundians.

At that stage the Vandals were led by two leaders, named AMBRI and Assi. The name “Ambri” is associated the Ambri people who fought with the Sicambri (Franks) against Alexander the Great in Bactria. The Aseir were the people of Odin and migrated to Scandinavia.


The Burgundians were to settle in France and Switzerland and came from the Swedish isle of Bornholm. The Burgundians descended from BERIAH son of ASHER. BERIAH was pronounced Veriag from which we get the name Vikings. The Brigantes were also descended from Beriah. Beriah had two sons (Numbers 26; 45) Heber (Cheber) and Malchiel. These are the descendants of Brigantes and Burgundians.

History of the Vandals

The Vandals first moved into Spain in the early third Century. In 429 CE the Vandals, under their king Geiseric, crossed the Straits of Gibraltar into North Africa. From North Africa the Vandals raided and plundered the city of Rome in 445 CE. In the Land of Israel the Tribe of ASHER had received its territorial portion which encompassed the famous Phoenician city of Great Sidon (Joshua 19;28). The people of Asher were returning to their original homeland!

In 533 AD the Byzantines crushed what was left of the Vandal African kingdom although most had already migrated out of Africa by that time. After their defeat, Procopius records that the entire Vandal nation took ship and sailed away. They moved to Ireland and later into Britain. Geoffrey of Monmouth recorded that 160,000 Africans from Ireland joined the Saxons to invade Britain. These Africans were the Vandals and related tribes with them.

A tradition states that in their raid on Rome the Vandals “liberated” treasures taken from the Temple in Jerusalem that the Romans had destroyed in 66 CE. These treasures included the “Menorah” (candle stick). Some of the treasures were retaken by the Byzantines and may have been “liberated” again later by the Goths. The possibility also exists that some of the Temple treasures went with the Vandals to Ireland and then to Britain.


We have identified Asher lower Scotland and northern Wales. The Lowland Scots and the northern Welsh in some respects may be considered almost the same people. The northern Welsh are fair whereas those of the south are darker.


The Lygian-Vandal tribes were the Boreoi, the Omani, and the Heissi. The sons of Asher were Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber and Malchiel (Genesis 46;17). There are connected to the following:

Jimnah -Omani
Isui -Heissi
Beriah- Boreoi

They may also be identified as the legendary VANES who had dwelt in Vanaland besides the Don River in southern Scythia and then moved to Scandinavia.

The Szekely of Transylvania

In Transylvannia the Hungarian speaking minority of Romania includes the Szekely people. Amongst the Szekely were to be found numerous Sabbatarians meaning Christians who kept the Sabbath and other Hebrew customs. So too the Szekely included Unitarian Christians, Gentile practitioners of from Aristophanes apparently referring to circumcission. The Edons and Odomants are believed to have been descendants of Edom. 

The "Kiasos" were a mystical dynasty of the Edones and have a name recalling that of Kas or Kos the national god of Edom*j. Julius Kaesar (i.e. Caesar) gave his family name to the Rulers of Rome. In his honour were retained the titles of Kaiser and Czar. Alexander the Great, Caesar, and various of the Roman Emperors are considered by some to have been truly great men who contributed to the advance of civilisation. Biblical and Talmudical sources sometimes refer to certain of these amor the Szekely there existed an alphabet that was more than 50% Phoenician meaning of Ancient Hebrew type. This alphabet has been attributed to the Khazars.

The Szekely however speak an Hungarian dialect and were always identified more with the Hungarians.

The Sabbatarian movement in Transylvania was founded at the end of the 16th century amid the jolt delivered to Christendom by the Reformation. Aún así como como un un el viernes, y que ccording to most historians, Transylvania's location as an independent buffer zone, a no-man's-land straddling the Ottoman, Polish and Austrian empires, gave rise to religious diversity and tolerance unknown anywhere else in Europe at the time. This was fertile ground for the emergence of a broad variety of ideas, movements and religious sects. Some of them died out or were assimilated, their memory existing only in history books. Others are, to this day, considered dominant in the region.

This was probably the only environment in which the unique accident of history that engendered the Sabbatarian movement could have occurred. Its founder is generally thought to be Andras Eossy, an educated nobleman and landowner from the Szekely nation, an ancient people whose origins are the subject of dispute. First testimonies of their settlement in Transylvania exist only from the beginning of the 10th century, though recent DNA-based studies suggest they may be the forebears of the Hungarian nation. Like many aristócrata ats from the Szekely people, Andras Eossy converted to the Unitarian Church. This was in 1567, in the wake of the conversion of the former king of Hungary, John II Sigismund Zapolya. Underlying the Unitarian creed is the belief in the unity of God.

According to Szekely tradition, Andras Eossy lost his wife a few years after adopting Unitarianism and his three sons died of illness. He fell into a deep depression and sought solace in the holy writings of the Jews. The Jewish Scriptures were regularly read at the time by the clergy and the educated class, who also learned Hebrew and ancient Semitic languages in order to be able to interpret the writings with the greatest possible fidelity to their original meaning.

Eossy's research into the early sacred texts, combined with his Unitarian approach, led him into the depths of the Jewish religion. At first he adopted the Ten Commandments, with an emphasis on the fourth commandment: to observe the Sabbath. Afterward, he adopted more of the Old Testament commandments and late in life he rejected the New Testament outright.

Eossy disseminated the principles of the new faith he had adopted among his courtiers. They were soon joined by dozens of peasants who farmed his lands. The movement's major growth occurred in the period of his successor, Simon Pechi, who was his adopted son and close adviser. Pechi is described in Hungarian history books as a statesman, poet and caustic thinker who was fluent in 12 languages. As a young man, he was sent by his patron on long journeys to the Middle East and North Africa in search of ancient holy manuscripts. He visited Jerusalem, Constantinople and Cairo and met members of Jewish communities. After returning to Transylvania, he translated the movement's first prayer books from Hebrew to Hungarian and distributed them via envoys to dozens of congregations and villages.

The Szekely Sabbatarians of the early 17th century can by no means be described as Jews. They did not make use of ritual purification baths and did not practice circumcision. However, they cannot be considered Christians, either. They did not baptize their children and did not believe in the New Testament. They fused the two religions and practiced religious rituals that were unique to them. Within a few years, the number of Sabbatarians across Transylvania soared. Historians are divided about the exact number, but the minimal figure that is agreed upon is 20,000 in the 1630s.

According to statistics compiled by the different churches in Transylvania at the time, Sabbatarian congregations sprang up in more than 40 villages. The Hungarian names of some of the villages still contain variations on the word "Shabbat." In 1602, Bishop Demitrius Napragy noted that the Sabbatarians were the third-largest religious sect in Transylvania. The heads of the large churches looked askance at the rapid growth of the Shabbat-keepers.

Following pressure from several church leaders, Pechi was imprisoned by the authorities for four years. However, when he was freed he was more ardent than ever about the new movement. He became a renowned scholar of Jewish holy writings, took up kabbalah and studied the secrets of numerology and was an expert in the writings of Shlomo Ibn Gvirol, the poet and philosopher, and Maimonides' "Guide for the Perplexed." In some of his works he maintained that there are common lines of destiny in the history of the Jewish and Hungarian peoples.

In 1639, the Sabbatarian movement was outlawed. Its adherents were threatened with death if they didn't convert back to one of the traditional Christian denominations. A thousand people, including the movement's leaders, were imprisoned, their homes and property confiscated. The movement's houses of prayer were demolished. Pechi's translations of holy texts were banned and in some cases were burned publicly.

Pechi's fate is not known. According to several sources, he died destitute and alone in Transylvania. In other traditions, he and a group of followers are said to have settled in Constantinople, where in time they assimilated into the Ashkenazi community. "There is not one Sabbatarian in the whole country, with the possible exception of those who practice their religion secretly," Bishop Stephan Katona of the Reform Church of Transylvania declared in 1645.

Immediately after the imposition of the 1639 decrees, most of the Sabbatarians converted back to one of the conventional streams of Christianity, but only outwardly. Secretly, they continued to uphold their faith and use Pechi's prayer books. To satisfy the authorities, they preferred to be accepted into one of the Protestant churches, if possible one that sanctified Shabbat. They joined Catholic congregations only if there was no other choice, and in church tried to keep their heads bowed and not look at the crucifixes. In general, they avoided taking part in masses and other prayer events, though they always sent one representative from the family so as not to arouse the clerics' suspicions. In short, they behaved like the Marranos - or "secret Jews" - during the Spanish Inquisition. 

They buried their dead according to Jewish religious law far from the village and outwardly staged a Christian burial, the coffin filled with stones. They celebrated Jewish holidays in caves or other distant places to avoid provoking the neighbors' suspicions. They tried to have their children work in Jewish homes, sometimes without a salary, so that they could learn about the Judaic precepts and their observance. They married other Sabbatarians. In a few cases, they agreed to have their daughters marry Jews, but only on condition that the groom's family observed the Jewish precepts piously.

In this way they were sometimes integrated into the greatest rabbinic dynasties of Transylvania. This fact remains a huge secret in some ultra-Orthodox families down to our time, but is open information on birth certificates and marriage licenses that are deposited in various archives in Hungary. In the wake of the prohibitions, most of the Sabbatarians' community frameworks fell apart. They practiced their religion secretly at home. Only in a few remote and isolated villages did they continue to conduct a covert communal life. The position of rabbi was rotated among the men in a fixed manner; every few weeks a new rabbi was appointed who also served as ritual slaughterer, teacher and bearer of all the related tasks. Only the serving rabbi was allowed to let his beard grow. Thus the men could observe the ban on shaving, at least individually and for a time, without arousing the suspicion of their Christian neighbors.

The authorities and leaders of the various churches did not relent in their persecution of the Sabbatarians. Not without reason were they known as the "Inquisitors of Transylvania." Local tradition is replete with stories about tests to which the clergy put those whom they suspected of heresy. They were said to invite them to Christian homes and offer them pork to eat, or they would forcibly remove them from their homes on Shabbat and make them work in the fields. Those who refused sometimes paid with their lives. In other cases, monks were sent to live in suspects' homes for a few days in order to see whether they were secretly violating the precepts of Christianity.

This unforgiving attitude was even more blatant when compared with the tolerant attitude from which the Jews of Transylvania benefited in this period. Although Jews faced discrimination in employment, taxation and places of residence, the practice of Judaism was not considered a crime and its adherents were never forced to convert. Judaism in Transylvania was considered a tolerated religion: inferior and abhorrent, but not prohibited. The Sabbatarians, in contrast, were perceived as heretics, Christians who had committed the unpardonable sin of taking on themselves the precepts of the Jews. To the local residents, that was far worse than abandoning Christianity.

"After more than 200 years had passed since the death of the man Pechi, the community of the last Szekelys arose once more like a root in a wasteland in the neglected and abandoned Szekely village called Bozodujfalu," the Warsaw-based Hebrew-language paper Hatzfira reported in October 1890. Another Hebrew-language paper, Hamaggid, published in Vienna, wrote, "When freedom of religion was introduced in Hungary and the Israelite religion was authorized by the government, many members of this sect hurried to assume openly the Israelite religion, and old peasants aged 60 and 70 were circumcised with great joy. One of them said that if he had needed to cut his throat in order to enter the fold of the Israelite religion, he would have done so lovingly."

Many Hebrew-language and Hungarian newspapers carried similar descriptions of the revival of the Sabbatarian movement following the emancipation of the Jews in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1867. All of them were amazed at the sudden appearance of Shabbat-keepers in a number of villages in Transylvania and demanded that their rights be upheld. No precise data exists about the scale of the phenomenon, but the press articles mention at least five villages in which remnants of the communities sprang back to life. They were joined by a small number of families from all parts of Hungary, including the capital, Budapest.

Most studies place the total number of believers at between a few hundred and a few thousand. The largest community emerged in Bozodujfalu, a village that lay in an isolated green valley in the heart of a region known as Szekely Land. In 1867, about a quarter of the village's 700 inhabitants declared that they belonged to the Sabbatarian sect. Hungarian newspapers of the time reported that the community's members celebrated for three days the religious freedom they had been granted after centuries of persecution. They took a holiday from work and marched in a procession to the nearby village, Sangeorgiu de Padure, where they circled around the synagogue of the Orthodox congregation with song and prayer.

However, within a few days, it became apparent that the joy of the Sabbatarians in Bozodujfalu had been premature. The Hungarian Justice Ministry announced that this was a mistaken interpretation of the law and that the emancipation of Hungary's Jews did not apply to them. The movement remained outlawed. But the announcement came too late. It was impossible to ignore the phenomenon. Lengthy and turbulent debates on the subject took place in the Hungarian parliament. The Justice Ministry dispatched delegations to reexamine the movement's legal status.

Historians, theologians and scholars made their way to Transylvania to research the history of the Sabbatarians. Hungary's greatest writer at the time, Mor Jokai, visited Bozodujfalu and published a novel ("God is One" ) whose plot unfolds against the backdrop of the community's life.

The Jewish world was mostly embarrassed by the revival of the Sabbatarian movement. The Jewish leadership was loath to identify itself with the Shabbat-keepers. After all, as the talmudic saying goes, "Converts are as hard for Israel as a scab." Some studies about the Jewish community of Budapest cite a comment that was widespread at the time about the Sabbatarians: "They are indefinable. They are neither Christians nor Jews, neither bird nor rat. Maybe they are a type of bat." A few rabbis went to Transylvania to acquaint themselves with the movement's character. They too found it difficult to decide on the proper attitude to be taken toward it and its adherents.

Rabbi Samuel Kohn, from Budapest, was a leading advocate of forging closer relations with the movement. His 1889 book, "The Shabbat-keepers: History, Belief and Writings," is still considered one of the most important and comprehensive works about the Sabbatarians. The movement's origins, he wrote, lie in "the diligent study of the Holy Scriptures. And in the heart of those who dwell on those Books, a feeling of most sublime respect for the Torah of Moses was born and slowly took root."

Pursuing this theme, he noted, "The history the Sabbatarians have undergone is an eternal sign of the strength and vigor of the religious desire which beats in the hearts of humanity, so much so that one small sect offered its back to the floggers and bore with courage and heroism every form of misery and endured through hardship of hundreds of years. And it did not submit to any tyrant or oppressor who raised a hand to it, to do it harm and wipe its name from under God's skies."

Refusal to convert
Finally, in order to resolve the legal conundrum, the Hungarian minister for religious affairs, Baron Joseph Eotvos, allowed the Sabbatarians of Bozodujfalu to convert to Judaism. A few months later, a mass conversion ceremony was held in the village for 105 members of the community, under the supervision of Orthodox rabbis from Budapest. The men were circumcised, the women entered a mikvah. As far as is known, this was the first collective conversion to Judaism conducted since the Second Temple period. According to stories in the local villages, some of the young men were afraid to be circumcised and fled for a few days into the forests and hills. The community's records also note that five families, totaling 17 souls - including a judge and his older brother - refused to convert as they could find no reason to change the name of God and the ancient prayer books.

The mass conversion had the effect of creating two communities in the village: one Jewish and known thereafter as "Community of converts, Yeshurun congregation, Bozodujfalu"; and the other Sabbatarian. The two groups worshipped in the same synagogue, availed themselves of the services of the same ritual slaughterer and celebrated the same sacred festivals, with minor differences. The other Sabbatarians had to wait two more years to be recognized and granted freedom of worship. They persisted in their refusal to convert and established independent houses of prayer in towns and villages across Hungary, continuing to use the prayer books translated by Pechi and meticulously observing the Sabbath and the Jewish religious precepts, in some cases more so than the Jews themselves.

An example of this was noted in September 1902, in an article published in the Jerusalem newspaper Havatzelet. According to the article, a soldier from the Sabbatarian sect refused to bear arms on Shabbat, "because in the sect's opinion there is no greater Sabbath desecration than this." The article adds that the soldier insisted "courageously" in clinging to his faith, "and all the warnings of the army's officials and all the torments were to no avail." In the meantime, the "local Jews are waiting eagerly" to see what happens; they want very much to know "whether the army can also force Christians to violate their religion, or only Jews."

A New Generation of British-Israel Scholars that Have Emerged, Amongst Them is Steven Collins Whose Books Have Been Sold by the Brigham Young University Bookstore

Today, there is a new generation of British-Israel scholars that have emerged with much new information and have undertaken in depth study. Amongst them is Steven Collins whose books have been sold by the Brigham Young University bookstore. Collins personally shipped two book orders which they ordered from him. One senior Mormon who is a professor at a north American university has devoted intense study to the subject and produced a PhD thesis which assists greatly in the overall discussion. He is a subscriber to the British-Israel doctrine and has related how he read Herbert Armstrong’s book on the subject.

Another member of the Mormon church has written a book on the subject of the lost tribes, identifying them with the Anglo-Saxon-Kelts. He has been in communication with researcher Steven Collins for a number of years. Many years ago, whilst living in western Australia, I met two Mormon evangelists. One was a North American Indian and this represented the first time I had met someone from that ethnic background, so that was an interesting experience. During the conversation they mentioned how Manasseh may be found amongst north Americans and Ephraim amongst the English. They seemed to indicate that these tribes were not exclusive to American Indians. It was interesting and left me wondering if there was not a small British-Israel identity truth lurking somewhere in the organization.

Thracians Were a Mix of Israelites With Some Edomites

Jewish Traditions (e.g. Natziv, Ginzberg) speak of Israelite presence in these areas (current Bulgaria, Rumania & European Turkey) dating from even before the Exile of the Ten Tribes. British Israelite literature also deals with such possibilities.

Josephus mentions the Kings of Judah and Israel cooperating in a project to send ships to trade with the Black Sea area (Pontus) and with Thrace.

We assume that there existed an independent tradition of Israelite mercantile links to the Black Sea area.

Midrashic sources traced the inhabitants of Thrace to Tiras son of Japhet or to descendants of the Canaanites.

Hellenized (Greek-influenced) Thracian-Scythian dynasties from outside the city ruled Tanais and practiced the cult of Aphrodite-Astarta that had originated in Canaan.

The Ten Lost Tribes are equated with a portion of the Cimmerians and Scythians. These included the Daci and Getae who inhabited what is now Romania. The Dacians were attacked by the Romans. Many were exterminated. others moved to Denmark while still others were in Northern Germany and are numbered by Bede and others amongst the Anglo-Saxon invaders of what became England.

Territories located north of the Danube were inhabited by Dacians, who are considered to have belonged to the Getae tribes, mentioned by Herodotus, that were a branch of Thracian people.

How About if the Maltese People Are Israelites?

They have the highest percent of J2 markers found around the world. DNA proves Israelite (Phoenician) ancestry of Maltese.

Also, Maltese like Hebrew is deemed Semitic and clearly came from Israel. Maltese are the closest peoples in the world to modern day Phoenicians which came from Israel and is known to be Semitic.

The Mediterranean is almost an inland sea, because it is only 8 miles wide at the Straits of Gibraltar, (known in ancient times as The Pillars of Hercules). The Mediterranean is no stranger to severe storms, in fact, an American circumnavigator said that the winter storms which he encountered between Crete and Malta were worse than anything he had seen in the Atlantic, Pacific or Indian oceans. Those who navigated its waters would have to be bold and adventurous as well as skilled. Such people would dare to venture through the Straits into the Atlantic.

Malta is known to have the second oldest Jewish community outside of Israel!

It is said that when the Phoenicians occupied the barren island of Malta they imported shiploads of soil from their Irish colony for farming.

The Israelite/Phoenician empire (David and Solomon’s empire at first but just the ten tribes with Tyre and Sidon after the Israelite civil war) had many “isles or “seacoasts” where its fleets sailed. They included the British Isles, the Canary Islands, the Azores, Sicily, Malta, Corsica, Sardinia, etc.

The name of Malta actually meant "Place of Refuge".
Apparently this was the reason why Hitler wanted to obliterate our country during WW2, as he knew that Malta's origin is Jewish. Interestingly enough, Malta remained the only country in the world during WW2 which did not shut it's doors to the Jewish refugees fleeing Europe.

I have had a "supernatural" love for Israel for about 10 years, only recently discovering that I actually have Jewish ancestry on both mother and father's side.

A quick look at the sources suggests that amongst the Maltese may be many from Judah. The name Malta could indeed be derived from the Hebrew root MLT. In Ancient times Israelites and other groups were in Malta. The Phoenicians visited Malta and dolmens are found there. A quick glance at the history of Malta however indicates that the population changed several times. It was virtually depopulated and then repopulated a few times. The present population seems to be descended from Arabs and Sicilians along with input from French, English, and other sources.

I knew a few Maltese in Australia. They had a tendency to be devout Catholics of the clean-cut serious kind. Some of them were dark whereas others had red or blond hair. On the whole they seemed an attractive Mediterranean type people.

Malta played an important role in World War-2 and its people behaved with heroic determination and loyalty. Through Malta a supply life-line was maintained with the Allied forces in North Africa....

This is further evidenced by the large number of Maltese surnames thought to be of Jewish origin. In the medieval era when Mdina was Malta's capital, one-third of its population was Jewish.

We have evidence that at the time the Phoenicians were occupying Malta, the first Jews landed on Gozo and there they left behind the first signs of their presence. You can find this near the inner apse of the southern temple of Ggantija in Xaghra, one cannot fail to notice that on the ground under your feet is scratched the first Jewish evidence on Gozo.

This Jewish evidence is an inscription in the Phoenician alphabet, discovered and made known in 1912 by Ms N. Erichson and Ms. R. Cleveland. This inscription is in two lines and has ten words: seven in the first line and three in the second. Translated this inscription reads: "To the love of our Father Jahwe."

When compared to other Catholic lands, for long periods during the Middle Ages the Jews of Malta, who had settled here from Sicily, Sardinia, North Africa and Spain, lived a fairly independent and prosperous life. [Later Malta was ruled by a religious order the Knights of Malta and these were oppressive towards the Jews.]

The surnames of our archipelago carry the trace of this heritage; thus, Attard, Ellul, Salamone, Mamo (name of first independent president of Malta) and Meli would be names of Jewish origin. It appears that Azzopardi, a very widespread name in Malta, would mean Sephardi (One who originated in Spain (Sefarad).

Jewish exploits in Malta
Of the 72 families inhabiting Malta in the 13th century, 25 were Jewish. Nowadays only about 80 people out of the entire population form part of the Maltese Jewish community.

The modern-day popularity of Jewish surnames on the island such as Abela, Amato, Attard, Azzopardi, Bonavita, Castillo, Ciantar, Degiorgio, Enríquez, Ellul, Micallef and Mizzi.

As an island Malta should probably belong to Britain/Ephraim. Descendants of Jews in Malta are possibly quite numerous.

Those who are Israelite probably pertain to Judah.
Malta, = an island in the Mediterranean settled by Phoenicians and possibly also linked with Israelites sailors from the Tribes of Dan, Asher, Zebulon, and Manasseh.

The Semitic Phoenician settlers almost three thousand five hundred years ago are believed that were accompanied by Israelite mariners from the seafaring tribes of Zevulon and Asher indeed.

                             Malta is the little orrange island in the lowest part & on the right

Megaliths are considered to be a sign for Israel. They're even mentioned in the Bible. It is estimated that over 50,000 stone megaliths were erected in a great arc around the coasts of Europe, from Sweden and the Shetland Islands in the north to Spain, Portugal and Malta in the south.

Malti - The Maltese Language

The Maltese language is a source of fascination to both visitors and linguists. The Maltese speak a unique language, Malti, the only Semitic language written in Latin characters. Through the ages, many foreign words, particularly English and Italian, have become part of the language. English, which is also an official language, is widely and fluently spoken and is the language of international business. What is surprising is that the islanders managed to retain a unique language in face of so many others brought by various powers over the centuries. Maltese was largely only a spoken language until the latter half of the 19th century when its grammatical rules were defined and written down. The earliest written evidence of Maltese is a ballad by Pietro Caxaro, (d.1485). The Knights attempted to script it as well. The survival of the language is perhaps testament to the resilience of the Maltese to remain a distinct people and culture. Malti is thought to derive from the language of the ancient Phoenicians who arrived in Malta in 750 B.C, so in a way the Phoenician language is still spoken today in Malta (Maltese is a mixture of Phoenician/Punic and other Mediterranean languages, especially Arabic). The influence of the Arabs who made the Islands home from the 9th to 13th centuries is clear in the Maltese language whose roots are closely akin to Arabic. Place names and numbers are the most obvious examples of Arabic influence on the language. For non-native speakers trying to learn Malti, the most awkward sound is similar to the Arabic q - an almost silent, but difficult to master, glottal stop. If you are interested in learning Maltese, several language schools on the islands run courses in Maltese for non-native speakers.

A Fine Finish (Finns, Laponians, Karelians, Vepsians...)

The original inhabitants of Scandinavia were probably the Lapps. The Lapps still exist. They are known also as Saami. Until recently they herded reindeer, lived in isolated areas and were considered relatively primitive. After the Lapps came the Scandinavians. After them came the Finns who are also basically Scandinavians. The Lapps are at root an entirely different people. The DNA of the Lapps relates their womenfolk to the Berbers of North Africa and the men to an East Asian Siberian type stock. The Lapps however have mixed in strongly with the Scandinavians. It is thought that many Lapp traditions, customs, aspects of their language, etc, were originally those of the Scandinavians. The Lapps received them and kept them while the Scandinavians being more exposed to external influences lost them. For this reason it is pertinent when studying ancient Scandinavians and the ancient Finns to take the Lapps into account. In ancient records of foreigners concerning Scandinavia the term Fin was sometimes applied to the Lapps.]

Karelia in Eastern Finland. The eastern section of Finland is known as Karelia. There are similarities between the Finnic Karelians (living on both sides of the Finnish-Russian border, in Finland and in Russia) and the Israelities. To be a Karelian, is to be a people who herd cattle, cattle herders. The word Karelian is derived from Karja (cattle) and Karja +la (the suffix meaning place, in this case a place for cattle) Later the name was corrupted into forms such as Karelia/Korela/Kirjala/Kyriala. This was due to the influence of the neighboring Slavs and Germans etc.

Finnish Domestic Animals Traced to the Middle East.

First let us look at the animals, since that are part of the people's society and culture. 1) The Karelian bear dog has been identified as similar to one in the Near East, i.e. to the region of Ancient Israel.

2) Certain types of cattle have a coloration pattern with alternating white and dark sides, e.g.  the sides will be black but the back is white. Such a color pattern is known as a snakes back or as Kyyttoe color. These color combinations are found quite commonly in certain types of cattle from the Finnish region and in neighboring areas, for example in Russian Karelia, in some places in Northwest Russia and Scandinavia and in the UK (Hereford), and also further east in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) of Siberia. Genetic studies have revealed that almost all Kyyttoe east-Finnic cattle have a paternal line inherited that may be traced back to to south to the elbow of the Volga. From here they in turn came from the direction of the Caucasus.

3) There is a type of sheep in Finland which is also similar to breeds in the Middle East.

Finnish Characteristics. Mysticism. The Finns have a mystical streak and sometimes experience visions, and prophecies etc.

Mourning Women

There is a tradition in Karelia that women teach crysongs to their daughters. There was also a whole class of professional or semi-professional mourning weeping women with their own social mores and complicated sub-divisions. Professional mourning weeping women were well-known in Jewish Tradition. The Code of Jewish Law (Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh Deah 244) says that when one of a person's dependants passes away he is obliged to hire mourning women, and flute players to eulogize the deceased in those place where such is the custom.

Jeremiah 9: 17 Thus says the Lord of hosts: Consider and call for the mourning women, That they may come; And send for skillful wailing women, That they may come. 18 Let them make haste And take up a wailing for us, That our eyes may run with tears, And our eyelids gush with water.

Attitudes to the Jews and Israel. Finland and Israel trade in armsware. It is supposed to be a secret but still widely known. There is a lot of sympathy in Finland for Israel, but the main media tries to hide It.

Remember, Finland is not an anti-Semitic country. They are however influenced by the World Media. That is why they nowadays support Islamic causes. Most Finns pray for Israel and want only the best for her. They are against military hostility towards against Israel from any direction. Unfortunately there are people now leading Finland that do not share the majority sentiments. In general the parties against religion are negative towards also Israel. Those who are pro-religious are with Israel. The ones supporting Israel are against the growing influence of Islam and want instead a more stable society with the Christian and Israelite (Jewish) value. There is now a lot of bad things happening in Finland due to Islam gaining power and room to act.

Folklore. St. Andrew the apostle. There is a belief that St. Andrew the apostle came to Karelia on his 4th missionary journey.

Why do we assume him to really came? Well this article has been well researched and Finland has these peculiar place names of unknown origin. Mikkeli (Archangel Michel) / St. Michel, Archangel (Viena, Russia) and Antrea (city for honour of St. Andrew, heraldic cross in its coat-of-arms). I believe the orthodox believers to be followers of St. Andrew. Even though the Carelians were christianized, they practised pagan rituals all the way up to the 20th century. In some parts they still have weird practices, e.g. clothing cemeteries in which cloth is placed on the the trees to honor the dead.

The god Baal

There was a god called Baal. The important area of Valamo (Valaam in Karelia) has a name meaning Baala -mo (the end mo means location of Baal, like worship-place of Baal).

Edomites and Giants in Scandinavia

In ancient times the whole of Scandinavia including Finland and the area adjacent to it was known as Kvernland. [Kvenland is Fennoscandia i.e. the region made up by the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula.]

**** Kvenland may be traced to the Edomites (Quauenland, Kvenland, Kaianaland, Kainuu). Quaus was the god of Edom and that is where the name Kvenland comes form. There is a gene that sometimes makes a man too tall. Giantism i.e. akromegalia, is seen in Paltamo region Finland (Vaino Myllyrinne, Daniel Cajanus, Lauri Moilanen, Louis Moilanen all of them have link to that area). Kvenland is thought to be also linked to the Calevas tribe who also had giant descendants along with others originating from Kvenland.

All of this is not pure mythology. There may have been akromegalic persons who were taller than usual. Average height is around 150-170 cm, so a 2 to 2.5 meters tall person may have been considered a giant.

The Labyrinths [[The mystical labyrinths "Jatulintarhat"

Stone labyrinths may be found all over the "old" world: Germany, Iceland, England, Sweden, Russia, all around the Middle East and in India.

In Finland, are found more than 140 labyrinths. They are mostly along the coast line; inland only a dozen exist.

They date from the Bronze Age to recently i.e. ca. 1800 CE.

These labyrinths are attributed to a people known as Jats, as reflected in place-names. They are considered to have been giants. In Scandinavian languages similar names for giants reflect the same word-root , iatul, iatun, jottul, jottur, jotunn and jotunn.

There is a myth about a tribe called "Jatulit", also known as giants, which had been living in the north (Ultimate Thule) even before the Lapps came there.

There were also Jatuls, originating from Jat. Aillu [as the suffix in Jat-ul] means southern large person in Saami [Lapp language]. Uly means big. Jat - ul means Jat the big. The Jatuls were giants in Finnish folklore. There are some Sanskrit [Ancient Indian] elements amongst northern languages. ****

Phoenician Lapps

Let's go back to the Saami (Lapps). The name Saami is a form of Finni/Fenni meaning Phoenician. The main Phoenician city was Sidon and the Phoenicians were also known generically as Sidonians. In Scandinavian and northern regions there was a people known Sithones/Sidones/Sitones.. all these are different pronunciations of the same name meaning Sidonian i.e. Phoenician.. Fenici is the Italian name for Phoenicia. The name Fin (as in Finland) also derived from the name Phoenicia. The Saami [Lapplander] etnonym was given them when they mixed with Suomi's [Finns in the modern sense] who were the original ones to bear that ethnonym. Saami was originally another name for the Fins. A form of this name is also found in that of Perm (Bjarmia). This area is just to the east of Finland and some of the Fins had sojourned there before coming westward. The Finns received their present-day Finno-ugric language from their sojourn in this region. Dialectically "Saami" is another form of Fenni, Sitones, "Finns" meaning Phoenician. Other forms of the name include saame/soome/suome/soma/suma/sum (sumer ?)...

Apparently a stone with Ancient Irish Ogham script has been found in Northern Sweden in the Lapp region.

Stone found from Saami area north Sweden, old Finland

The inscription has been transcribed as (read from left to right) AND - BL - CDHH. Comp[aring it with similar stones found in Ireland. The first word could very well be Ianod which means an area, place, or even a home. BL is Bal. This is an ambiguous word that may refer to both, a sun god Baal, but also to a village - which in this context, is probably the more correct attribute. CDHH the last word in length is easier for it means cuidh i.e. freight, cargo, and that sort of thing. So the inscription could read "the place of village goods".

Another inscription written in Ogham but interpreted in Finnish has been understood to say, Ships from Finica [Phoenicia], cargo berth.

The Saami [Lapps] were actually originally Phoenicians/Canaanites whom had intermixed with the northern Israelite Tribes. Maybe the Celts, Kvens and Saami all came to Scandinavia at the same time, but the Germanic tribes came later.
Groups of Finnish People and Genetics.

A group of the Finnish are known as Savolainen (zavolotskaja tshud, savolots) whose name meant originally the people behind the day journey or behind the waterline. They are practically the same as the Karelians, Veps, Perms etc. but have mixed with Jems (Jaeaemi, haeaemaelaeinen) / Jams. There are many places in Russian Karelia to show that Jems/Jams were there also. Jems Pogosta etc. The Jems are also the same as Karelians.

The Savolainen were known to be excellent archers. They were also skilled with inland boats and in raising rye-grain. They would log the forest and farm on the ashes that were made after burning the logging site. Wherever they went, the first thing they did was make a sauna. The sauna served as a washing place and the heart of the house. It was considered the purest, most innocent, cleanest, and also the most sacred place of the household. It was forbidden to act in a bad way in the sauna.
The Baltic Finns (from Finland proper) are mainly from the same group. They came at first to Russian Karelia, from Viena (Perm) in the east where they had mixed with the Perm-Ugrians. Later on they also intermixed with the Saami (Lapps), Sarmatians, Scythians, Alans, Turks, Goths, Slavs, Germans, Balts etc.

Despite their intermixing with quite a few other peoples there were not that many of them at first. They kept to themselves and did not mix with others but intermarried amongst themselves. This led to some inbreeding. The result was a rather homogeneous stock with some genetic diseases, and its own peculiarities and uniquenesss. They were quite different from the neighboring Slavs and Germans.

Concerning my genes, I myself am Y(male)DNA haplogroup N1C1 (like many Finns, other Europeans, and some Asians. It is related to R) and mt(Female)H1 (like ca. 50% of Europeans. It is thought to have originated in southwest Asia, i.e. in the Israelite area). I do not know what this signifies. But an autosomal genetic [i.e. generally inherited, and not sex-specific as Y(make) DNA and mt(female) DNA are] test related me to Finns 96,31 %, 3,69 % to Han, Malay, Cambodian, Yakuts (yugaghirs), Japanese and Mongols. From my H1, I have matches everywhere even with some people of Jewish origin. My N1C1 links to Finland, Sweden, Komi, Siberian natives and one in Kazahkstan.

The Kalevala Epic is Unreliable

The alleged Finnish national epic known as the Kalevala should not be read. It is a forgery, compiled by Elias Lonnrot. He collected original songs that may still be pound in the national archives of Finland as separate discrete creations. E.L. combined many different stories to create the Kalevala. This did real damage to the study of Finnish folklore. The Kalevala was his invention, but the Finns do have an original and rich folklore of several kinds. There are other findings as well.

Finland, Issachar, and Switzerland.

[Brit-Am Note. In our book, The Tribes by Yair Davidiy, we identified the people of Finland mainly with the Tribe of Issachar. We also located specific place names with those of clans from Issachar. [We also found elements from Gad, Simeon, and others in Finland]. The author, Ope Tuslapsi, agrees with us in general but takes issue with some of our identifications. We have dealt with this matter elsewhere however and still consider our linguistic equations to have been valid.]

In The Tribes we show how the Swiss also received settlers from Issachar. Switzerland is known as the Clockwork country. Characteristics of the Swiss are those associated with Issachar which indeed is exemplified by qualities useful in clockwork. Switzerland is famous for its watches. Off issachar it was said, # of the sons of Issachar who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do... # [1-Chronicles 12:32]. We made the somewhat piquant analogy between Issachar and the Swiss: The Swiss through their watches etc may be understood as still giving Israel understanding of the time. The author, Ope Tuslapsi, points out that the Finns also have a similar quality: ]

The Finns have been famous for building clocks. It might be now relatively unknown but yes, the Finns did once have a clock-making reputation. The Konni watches, for example, manufactured by the Konni family of Finland were famous throughout Scandinavia. Finland also produced goldsmiths, blacksmiths, gunsmiths and clocksmiths. There was (and is) a high standard of education required for each of these professions. The Finns also knew how to build ships even though they did not sail very much. Nowadays Finns give money free of charge (for some reason I do not know) to the EU. This to some degree parallels the Swiss bankers. Finns are also good with gems.

The Finns are educated people who have given the world Nokia, Rovio (Angry birds) and other successes. If G-d has not been with us, how can the blessings we have received be explained?

The Skirri were a Celtic people who settled in Switzerland. The name Skirri is derived from Issachar. The Skirri (Scyri) were in Finland as well .. Just look at the Map of Abraham Ortellius (1527-1598) concerning Europe. You will find in Feningia (Finland) the Scyri, Hirri, Phaunoae.

Some of Tribes with Corelations


“Semnones, a people of Italy, on the borders of Umbria—of Germany, on the Elbe and Oder.” “Hear, Eternal, the voice of Judah” (Deut. 33:7) = Simeon = Hear (within Judah) “Samnitae, a people of Gaul” “Samnites, a people of Italy, who inhabited the country situated between Picenum, Campania, Apulia, and ancient Latium.


“Walloons from present-day Belgium, who settled in the Bergslagen area (of Sweden) in the 1620’s” are Swedish immigrants who came to Sweden to help in the iron ore industry. Indeed, “Coal (which makes steel when added to iron) is the most valuable mineral resource in Wales. . . . The refining of metal ore, much of which is imported, is the major manufacturing industry. Almost all the tin plate and much of the aluminum of the sheet steel produced in Britain is made in the Welsh plants”. “Coal mining and the manufacture of iron, steel, and tinplate are important [in Wales]” Furthermore, “Belgium’s principle manufactures are iron and steel” 

These scriptures, in their figurative sense, imply that modern clergymen and priests and rabbis will
have a large percentage of Levites within their ranks. Judas of Kerioth was probably a Levite since
Kerioth is a city of refuge. (Cities of refuge: Kedesh, Shechem, Kiriath-Arba (Hebron) – Eburones,
Bezer, Ramoth, Golan (Josh. 20:7-8)). 

“Laevi, the ancient inhabitant of Gallia Transpadana.” “Laviana, a province of Armenia Minor." “Druidae, the ministers of religion among the ancient Gauls and Britons . . . Their name is derived
from the Greek word . . . an oak . . .” (p. 216, Lemp.). P.289 of One Man’s Destiny says the Druids
were the true religion.


The name “Reuben” can be seen in such well known names as “Narbonne” and “Ravenna.” In early
11th century France we find the country of “Bourbon” and a former kingdom in southern France was called “Navarre.”


GAD—Burgundian & Engadin in Graubunden.

ERI—Rhaetians, Uri (Num. 26:15-18) “St. Gallen” comes from “Gaul” or “Gilead” where Gad lived.
From the article, “Freedom That Will Be the First to Go,” by Bill Uselton, is the following quote: “The government of Switzerland feels the same way our Founders did about bearing arms. Every able-bodied man in Switzerland is a member of the militia, and has a machine gun or sniper rifle in his home with ammunition. Switzerland also has the lowest crime rate in Europe” 

“Gades (-ium), Gadis (-is), or Gadira, a town of the Spanish coast, 25 miles from the Pillars of
Hercules. It was sometimes called Tartessus and Erythia (after the Erites—Num. 26:16), according to
Pliny, and is now known by the name Cadiz. . . . Hercules, surnamed Gaditanus (a leader of men and a lion), had there a celebrated temple . . . The inhabitants were called Gaditani . . .


Cabul=Chaubi (Strabo Map 6). “Asserini, a people of Sicily” (p. 86, Lemp.) “Aesar, or Aesaras, a river of Magna Graecia, falling into the sea near Croton. “Aesernia, a city of the Samnites, in Italy. 


“The Netherlands has the densest network of waterways in the world”. “The Dutch fishing industry has existed since ancient times. Today the Dutch fishing fleet brings in halibut, cod, oysters, shrimp, eels, and—most important—herring. The Dutch rose to greatness as traders and seafarers. Their merchants and sea captains once made this small nation a leading world power. The country’s location on the North Sea has made it a natural trade center”.

Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe and one of the largest in the world. Locate on the New Maas River, which is part of the Rhine and Meuse river system, Rotterdam is the gate through which much of western Europe’s shipping must pass”. “The Dutch economy is characterized by a large volume of trade, much greater than might be expected for so small a nation. . . . Foreign trade is the mainstay of the Dutch economy. . . . Since 1965 the port of Rotterdam has been the world’s leading continent and is an important outlet for the industrial output of many miles (39 km) of wharves, half of which are for sea-going vessels. . . . The gigantic Rotterdam harbor stretches more than 17 miles (27 km). It consists of the small north basin on the northern bank and three ports on the left bank. . . . With the completion of Europort in 1975, Rotterdam became the greatest harbor in the world in terms of
water surface and number of piers”. 

“The machinery, electrical equipment, and transport equipment industries . . .(specialize mainly in) shipbuilding and repairing, concentrated in Rotterdam and Amsterdam”. “Dutch ports rank third in the world in cargo handled, with 70% of all goods transshipped, often after warehousing”.

“Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand,
which could keep rank: they were not of double heart.” (IChron 12:33) “Zebulun . . . jeopardized their lives unto the death” (Judges 5:18).

Moses prophesied, “Rejoice Zebulun, in thy going out (or “Zebulun be glad in your Ports” —Fenton,
or “in your voyages abroad”—Jerusalem); and Issachar, in thy tents. They shall call the people unto
the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness, for they shall suck the abundance of
the seas, and treasures hidden in the sand” (or “They will be nourished by the bounty of the sea, and
by what is hidden in the secret treasures of the sands”—Living Torah, or “For they suck of the wide
spreading seas” —Fenton) (Deut. 33:18-19).

12 Children - Children prophet Jacob in Europe.

This is taken from a facebook group. I thought it was funny. I don't completely agree with  the locations & identifications of the tribes. You can not miss the USA, South Africa, the Commonwealth realms (Australia, Canada & N.Zealand)...

12 Children - Children prophet Jacob in Europe.

Children - Children of Mother Rachel (wife of the most favored Prophet Jacob)

JOSEPH - "Joseph is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough well, his branches run over the wall. The archers have bitterly grieved him, shot him and hate him. But his bow remained in strength, and his arms are made strong by the hands of Mighty God of Jacob. Den gan ... God of your father who will help you, and by the Almighty who will bless you with the blessing of heaven above, blessings in that lies beneath, blessings of breast and womb. Thanks to your father have excelled the blessings of my ancestors, up to the maximum bound of the everlasting hills. they will be on the head of Joseph, and the crown of the head separated from his brethren "-. Angles & Saxons then ENGLISH & GERMAN

BENJAMIN - "Benjamin is a ferocious wolf. In the morning he ate his prey, and at evening dividing the spoil" - Jute then Belgium

Mother of children Leah - Mother sister Rachel

REUBEN - "Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might and the beginning of my strength, the dignity of the noble and glorious power. Unstable as water, you shall not excel, because you go to your father's bed, then you defiled it" - Rondings then PORTUGAL.

SIMEON & LEVI - "Simeon and Levi are brothers; instruments of cruelty in their place ... cursed be their anger, for it was fierce, and their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel" -. Lombards then ITALY & RELIGIOUS LEADERS

Judah - "Judah, your brothers and sisters that he would praise, your hands should be on the neck of your enemies, your father's daughter will bow down before you. Judah is a lion's whelp, from the prey, my son, you have gone up. Worshiped him, he lay like lion, and like a lion, who shall rouse him? scepter will not depart from Judah or lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come, and he will be the obedience of the people. Binding his donkey to the vine, and his donkey colt for choice vine, he wash his garments in wine and the blood of grapes. eyes red with wine, and his teeth white with milk "-. Frank then France.

Issachar - "Issachar is a strong donkey lying in between the two loads, he saw that rest was good, and that the land was pleasant;. He bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a slave band" - Burgundian later SWISS

Zebulon - "Zebulun will live by the sea;. He would become a haven for ships, and his border shall adjoin Sidon" - Frisia then NETHERLANDS

The children of Bilhah (Rachel's servant)

AND - "Dan shall judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel. Dan will be a serpent by the way, with the venomous snake that bites the horse heels so that its rider shall fall backward. I have waited for your salvation, O Lord" -! Danes then DENMARK

Naphtali - "Naphtali is a deer is released,. He uses beautiful words" - Norway then NORWAY

Mother of children Zilpah (Leah servant)

GAD - "Gad, troops, shall bum him, but he will win in the end." - Goth then SPAIN

Asher - "Bread from Asher shall be rich, and he will give royal dainties." - Sweden then SWEDEN

So Where Did the Israelites Go?

Scholars are variously divided on this question. There is such controversy over this issue, that the people of this Assyrian Captivity (all of the House and Kingdom of Israel, along with a great portion of the House and Kingdom of Judah) are called the “Lost Tribes of Israel.” They are believed by many to be gone forever, having become amalgamated together with the people of Assyria, and mongrelized. But I do not believe this to be the case.

The Lord had said of the northern ten tribes (those thought to be ‘lost’) and their kingdom, “Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are upon the sinful kingdom [the northern kingdom – Israel], and I will destroy it [the kingdom, not the people] from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly

destroy the house of Jacob, saith the LORD. For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth” (Amos 9:8-9).

He also said, “I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me ...” (Hosea 5:3); and that “... the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice or sacred pillar, without an ephod or teraphim: [but] afterward the children of Israel shall return and seek the LORD their God, and David their king; and shall fear the LORD and His goodness in the

latter days” (Hosea 3:4-5).

There are numerous prophecies, yet to be fulfilled, which include each of the twelve tribes. What about these prophecies? If these people are truly ‘lost’ forever, how can these prophecies be fulfilled? They can’t be fulfilled! But the veracity of God’s Holy Word demands that these tribes do exist. The book of James, written eight centuries after the Assyrian captivity, is addressed to “the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad.” So they have got to be out there somewhere! I refuse to believe the

scholars who say that these ten [plus] tribes were lost!

They may be lost to the world, lost to the present day Jews, and even lost to their own selves (for “blind is my servant”), but I believe God when He says that He will not ‘lose’ His people. No, they are not lost. God knows where they are, for He has guided their path and fed them all these many years! And if we will look, and study history and the Scriptures, we will know where they are too!

Josephus, writing in the first century AD, knew where his kindred were. He wrote: “...there are but two tribes in Asia and Europe subject to the Romans, while the ten tribes are beyond the Euphrates [west from Palestine] till now, and are an immense multitude, and not to be estimated by numbers”.

So they have still got to be out there somewhere! And they have got to be a great people! The prophet Ezra writes more specifically, “And whereas thou sawest that He gathered another peaceable multitude unto Him; those are the ten tribes, which were carried away prisoners out of their own

land in the time of Osea [Hoshea] the king, whom Salmanasar the king of Assyria led away captive, and he carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land.

But they took this counsel among themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt, that they might there keep their statutes, which they never kept in their own land. And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow

passages of the river. For the most High then shewed signs for them, and held still the flood, till they were passed over. For through that country there was a great way to go, namely, of a year and a half: and the same region is called Arsareth” (II Esdras 13:39-45).

The area referred to is near the headwaters of the Euphrates, in the Caucasian Mountains (there's amountain Zion in the area), between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. That area has a ravine or ‘gate,’ if you will, called “the pass of Israel” in early writings. The Kimmerians, or Cimmerians, were also called Sakai.

The Tribe of Dan Are the Danes (Denmark) and the Irish

Today, the tribe of Dan in Ireland is still given into idolatry following the traditions of  their ancestors. They are as a nation, an integral part of the false mystery system God labels as “MYSTERY,  BABYLON THE GREAT” in Revelation 17:5. This is a great false church, a worldly church, which has persecuted God's true servants down through the ages (Verse 6).

Notice in Revelation 2:20, this same false church is likened to that wicked “woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a  prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.” God says He will smite her children with death because they have known the “depths of Satan” (Verses 23-24).

Jezebel’s children, then, are those who have been taught at an early age her abominable idolatries and filthiness (Rev. 2:20) and are deep in her doctrine (Verse 24). This woman Jezebel symbolizes the Roman Catholic Church. Most Danites (Irish) are members of this false church from birth, attending her schools, festivals and idolatrous religious worship services. This is the same false church God commands His people to “come out of” so they will not receive of the plagues He is going to bring on those who worship her (Rev. 18 :4). Since the nation of Ireland, the modern Danites, are in the “depths of Satan” and do not know God’s true way, probably nothing less than the complete destruction of this false Roman church, combined with the presence and power of Christ’s rule on this earth, will finally bring them to repentance. Dan says to God: “I have waited for thy salvation, O Lord” (Gen. 49:l6).

It is Denmark that will be part of the 144,000. How can we know? The clue is in the name "Manasses." Back in Judges the 18th chapter the inland Danites who moved to Denmark, when they migrated to Laish and named it Dan after their father. Afterward the children of Dan "...set up the graven image: and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land." (v.30). The Septuagint has "Manasses" just like the book of Revelation. (Barnes Notes). God is telling us that it is Denmark and not Ireland that will have 12,000 that will rule with Christ on Mt. Zion. The Irish will have to go through the plagues, watch the Catholic church be destroyed (Rev  18), and Jesus himself to help them come out of idolatry that they have been steeped into for centuries.


Hosea 13:4 'I am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me...' The British have always had a great fascination for Egyptology. There has been a longstanding love affair with Ancient Egypt, which may have began around 1798 with the discovery of the Rosetta stone, which gave the Brits the capability of deciphering hieroglyphic writing. There has been a far deeper interest in ancient Egypt, and its people, than there has been with the state of Israel, amongst the true Israelites. Not only was Joseph, the ancestor of the Anglo-Saxons, but he was from Egypt, and his wife, being an Egyptian Princess could perhaps explain why there is such a keen attachment to the land and people of Ancient Egypt.


The Druids were not only the priests, doctors, poets, and minstrels of ancient Wales - where their center was located; but they were the teachers who retained the sacred knowledge of ancient Hebrew times. The word Druid is derived from DRU, which means Oak Tree, which was sacred to the Druids. However, more credible still, since we now know who the Druids were, is the Gaelic word 'Druidh', describing a wise man, or the holder of much secret knowledge. The wisdom these priests were privy to consisted of healing potions - as in herbalism, they were teachers, legislators, astronomers, astrologers, chemists, musicians, poets, the holders of all religious holy days and rituals, philosophers, and judges.

The Druids believed in a Supreme Power over the Universe and the belief in the Immortality of the human soul. In Wales, there were three classes of Druids - the Bards, the Ovates, and the Druid priests. Bards were the historians and teachers, Ovates were the herbalist and doctors, and Druids were the priests. So revered were the Levite-Druid priests and Bards, that schools were set up to learn of their vast knowledge - especially that of medicinal practices. The immense power of the Druids became the weakness for the Celtic people. No culture that is ruled by priests, drawing their authority from spiritual sanctions, is capable of ruling a kingdom. The Druid's adherence to their religion inevitably helped bring down their kingdom of Welsh chieftains. After the advent of Christianity, the Druids were not allowed to practice their priestly duties at all.

            It seems ironic that one of the early kingdoms of Wales was the 'kingdom of Dyred', which is a Celtic take on the name 'David', the beloved king of the 'lost tribes of Israel'. The patron saint of Wales is St. David, with St. David's day celebrated annually on March 1st.

Ancient Gad and Modern Switzerland in History and Prophecy

The Swiss chafed under Habsburg rule. The wished to preserve their isolation and local, democratic rule. They did not want the Babylonian-style feudal system They revolted. In 1291 three cantons Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden gave birth to the Swiss nation. Eri, interestingly enough was one of the sons of Gad. Even more interesting is the presence of the Gadman Valley in Swiss territory. Their first victory against the Habsburgs took place in 1315 at the battle of Morgarten. 

The three Swiss cantons not only secured their freedom but went on to liberate other cantons. By the early 1400's there were eight Swiss states , including Zurich, Lucerne and Bern. The Swiss became rich and powerful and renowned as fighting mercenaries. They were swift, fearless mountain fighters just like their Gadite ancestors.

Even after the French halted Swiss expansion at the Battle of Marignano in 1405 , everyone prized the Swiss mercenaries that rarely flinched on the field of battle. In the 1470's they fought Charles the Bold of Burgundy. The big climactic war with the House of Austria took place in the Swabian War in the 1490's. In 1499 the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian I recognized Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire.

Gad was also to become a lawgiver and arbitrator for Israel. Ulrich Zwingli began the Swiss Reformation but John Calvin took it much further. Jean Cauvin, or John Calvin was a Frenchman who sought to bring many in Europe back to the laws of God. Calvin's theocracy in Geneva patterned itself upon ancient Israel and inspired the Scottish and Dutch Reformations as well as the Puritans who founded New England.

The Arsacids (Parthia's rulers) Were Called Ashkanians

The Encyclopaedia Britannica records that in Persian tradition the Arsacids (Parthia's rulers) were called the Ashkanians. The Britannica further notes that this name wasbased on the term "Ashak." The word "Ashak" is based on the Hebrew name "Isaac" aswas a city in the Parthian homeland named "Asaak." Genesis 21:12 prophesied that theIsraelites would be known by the name of Isaac, and this came true as the Parthians and Scythians were identified by such names as Sacae, Asaak, Ashak, and Sacan (or Saxon).When the Israelites and Jews were expelled from Parthia by the Sassanian Persians, it isnoteworthy that the Persian name for the Parthians remained on the Parthian Jews whomigrated toward Europe. The Parthian name "Ashkan-ian" is easily seen in the term Ashken-azi Jew! The very term "Ashkenazi" proclaims a Parthian (or Israelite) origin, and the term "Ashkenazi Jew" could just as easily be rendered as "Parthian Jew."



In these verses God is calling upon Ephraim (the Lost Ten Tribes) to repent. They are told to set up high heaps and way marks so that they may remember where they came from and how to get back to the cities in Israel they came out of. The words in Hebrew (as explained by the Radak in the 1200s; Rabbi David Kimchi, 1157-1236) of Narbonne, France ) for high heaps and waymarks (Tzionim, tamrurim) actually mean stone monuments such as dolmens. Dolmens are a type of stone monument used in ancient times. They are found in the land of Israel and in Spain, France, Britain, Ireland, Holland, Denmark, and Sweden. The dolmens describe a migrating path of people from the Land of Israel to the west. Jeremiah predicted that they would set up this path and by tracing this path we can prove that the Israelites went to the north and west, as the Prophets said they would.

The paths of the stone monuments show us how the Lost Ten Tribes left their land and where they went. Jeremiah the Prophet transmits the command of God telling us to take heed of the paths we went in, the monuments we set up, and the way leading back to the cities of our forefathers in the Land of Israel.

Anglo - America in Prophecy & the Lost Tribes of Israel

Upon the reverse of our national seal the references to our birthright as descendants of Joseph and Manasseh, and thus of Egyptian origin, are even still more pointed. The leading motto--" Annuit Coeptis " ("He has prospered our beginnings")--is a direct use of an expression so often reiterated in the Bible story of Joseph, that he has become the very type of a prosperous man...The building — a pyramid unfinished — an emblem of stability, of perfect measure, just weight, and of eternal truth, and harmony with nature, man and God, is eminently the Egyptian emblem of Manasseh. 

The above source also indicated that the fact that the "Great Seal" shows a bow and arrows was consistent with the following scripture:

22 "Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a well; His branches run over the wall. 23 The archers have bitterly grieved him, Shot at him and hated him. 24 But his bow remained in strength, And the arms of his hands were made strong By the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob (From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel), (Genesis 49:22-24)

Joseph: Menasseh U.S.A. The United States of America...The reverse side of the Great Seal of the U.S.A...shows a pyramid...A PYRAMID is also a typical representation of Egypt and according to Jewish tradition the Tribe of Joseph had A picture of Egypt (possibly a pyramid for their Tribal Standard). 

It is not clear to me that the developers of the "Great Seal" intended a connection to the tribe of Manasseh (other sources suggest that the banner for Manasseh was more like a wild ox that morphed into a unicorn; the Jewish Encyclopedia article on Manasseh says that its "standard," along with consist the other of Rachel's sons, consisted of a boy with the inscription "The cloud of the Lord rested on them until they went forth out of the camp"). Yet, it may be of interest to note that Benjamin Franklin wanted the seal to show the children of Israel leaving Egypt and Thomas Jefferson wanted to show the children of Israel in the wilderness.

Is Isaiah 49:12 a Referring to Australia and New Zealand?

The word "Australia" seems to signify southern lands. And speaking of southern lands like Australia and New Zealand, notice a prophecy in Isaiah 49:12:

12 Surely these shall come from afar; Look! Those from the north and the west, And these from the land of Sinim. (Isaiah 49:12, NKJV)

ecce isti de longe venient et ecce illi ab aquilone et mari et isti de terra australi (Isaiah 49:12; Jerome translation: Latin Vulgate Bible)

Referring to the house of ISRAEL, not Judah (Isaiah 49:3,6), God says: "Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the NORTH and from the WEST; and these from the land of Sinim" (Isa. 49:12). In the Hebrew, the language in which this was originally inspired, there is no word for "northwest," but this term is designated by the phrase, "the north and the west."

As many already know "British" means covenant of man, or covenant man and "Union Jack" means, the Commonwealth or Union of Jacob. One can only imagine and lament as to how many non-Jewish Israelites, are to be found today in the Roman Catholic Church.

England first “spread abroad to the west”. It lost its first colony (Isaiah 49:20). Later, the people went “to the east” (India and elsewhere), “to the north” (Canada) and to the south (the Cape Colony, Australia and New Zealand). Hence “the empire on which the sun never sets” applied to the British empire and later the Anglo-American territories.

Moses tells us that when Gad’s time comes, he will utterly over take his enemies like a lion. This and Jacob’s prophecy has come to pass when Gad (Igbos) was temporarily overcome and ended up overcoming in the Nigerian Biafran War. The History of the Igbo’s and of the Jews today parallel and are practically in sync with one another. The sleeping Lion of Gad is now rousing and can only become more powerful, woe unto those who attempt to taunt this waking Lion. Moses also tells us that those who help the cause of Gad, fight on behalf of Gad will be blessed. You, just by reading this book are partaking in the unfolding of prophetic history and helping to “enlarge” Gad and therefore you will be blessed! Did you ever think that you would ever partake in any way the recovery of the “lost tribes” or be a part of prophetic history in any way!?

Lands of the Dispersion: Northern Europe

We can approach the subject from the earliest dawn of history down the stream of time as far as we can reach; and then we can proceed the other way, going back from ourselves as far as we can, and we meet the proposition in Scandinavia and Northern Germany that the Anglo Saxons, the Germans and the Scandinavians are greatly, mixed up with the remnants of the House of Israel. We can scarcely come to any other conclusion. Then we naturally spring another question: Why have the Latter-day Saint missionaries met with much more success among the Anglo-Saxons and the German and Scandinavian races, than among any other races upon the face of the earth? The answer is: We are, in fulfillment of the predictions of the ancient Prophets, gathering Israel. Why do we have so much to say at the present time, and at this conference, about the second, third, fourth and fifth generations of Latter-day Saints? It is the most natural thing in the world. If we are of Israel, our genealogy must assume a shape like that, for the children of Israel, if not corrupted by environments, will naturally worship the God of their fathers. And we are of Israel; there is no doubt of it, and we will find that when our genealogy is revealed in detail, it will lead us back from America to England, from England to Scandinavia and Germany, and from there to the country lying between the Caspian and the Black Sea, that part of Asia where the Ten Tribes were lost. We can then easily trace it back to Palestine and Chaldea; we have the history completed from the Bible.

I rejoice that so many faithful men and women have believed and embraced the gospel as it has been preached by the Latter-day Saints during the last eighty years. I repeat, that when we have turned our attention to Latin or Oriental countries, we have met with but little success. If we have preached the gospel successfully in Australia, it is perhaps because the people there are mainly of English origin, and the same can be said of New Zealand, as to the white population. And if we speak of the Hawaiians and the Samoans and the Maoris, then they are simply another branch of the House of Israel, and that is undoubtedly the reason why we have met with success among them. Study the history of our missionary career ever since the Church was organized and I will venture to say that we hitherto have made very little progress among any people except those who come, as we claim, either pure or mixed from the House of Israel. 

The Tribe of Gad is Switzerland

The Gauls called themselves Kymris, but the Romans labeled them Celts, Galli, Gallus and Galates ( Galatians ). The Hellenistic and Roman conquerors (300 B.C. - A.D. 200) renamed the area of Gilead, once home of the exiled Israelite tribes of Gad, Reuben and half of Manasseh, Gaulanitis.

Curiously, the term Gaul, whether gallo or gallus in Latin, galler or waller in Celtic, waller or walah in German or gaullois in French, seems to carry the same meaning: "stranger, traveler or exile." To the Celts the words Gael and Scythe both meant "stranger" or "traveler." God had told the 10 tribes of Israel they would become wanderers (Hosea 9:17).

Just to the east of the Sea of Galilee we still find the GOLAN Heights. The Hebrew Golan means “their captivity” and comes from the word Golah, meaning “captive” or “exile” (Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon). Arthur Spier, Jewish author of A Comprehensive Hebrew Calendar, says that “Golah” referred to those Israelite “communities living beyond the confines of Israel” (p. 62). Galilee, Gilead, Gad, Golan and Golah are all etymological roots for Galatae, Goidels or Gauls! So the Gauls are made up mainly of the peoples of Gilead, of the tribes of Gad and Reuben. Reuben is France.


Based on this and much additional recent research it can definitely be shown that significant portions of the Lost Tribes migrated northwest, toward Europe and are to be found today among the Scandinavian, Celtic & kindred peoples. In other words the tribes are largely located today in the United States, Great Britain, northwestern Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and other scattered areas. They are primarily Protestant, tied to their Biblical heritage, and have by and large provided a hospitable climate for Jews and even supported Zionism. Unfortunately, most researchers have tended to look to the East, and have only found scattered pockets of peoples who might be associated with the tribes--the Bene Israel of India, the Pathans on the Afghani-Pakastani border, the Kashmiris, the Chiang-Min on the Chinese-Tibetan border, and even many tribes of Africa of whom the Ethiopians have been the most prominent example. These attempts at locating the tribes miss the fact that the most significant group went northwest into Europe, and did finally fulfill the promises that were made to the two sons of Joseph--Ephraim and Manasseh, about unprecedented national greatness (Genesis 48:4-20). They were to become a great company of nations leading the world in wealth and influence (Genesis 49:22-26; Deuteronomy 33:13-17). This fits in well with what the Prophets predict for the last days, when the Lost Tribes return. They are pictured "without number, as the sand of the sea" not as tiny insignificant pockets of tribal groups. The official rabbinic ruling (halacha) is that the Lost Tribes will return.

Jeremiah 3:6-18: The northern tribes of Israel return and join Judah, "one from a city, two from a family" prior to the complete union when the Kingdom of God comes. This appears to be what has begun to happen in our day.

16:14-19: This is often applied to Judah and to the Jews returning to the Land in our century, but in context, it applies in particular to the House of Israel (Lost Tribes), who have become like the "nations," whose fathers have inherited lies. Note the images: the first stage is fishing; the second is hunting. Judah already went through this stage, particularly after 1880, when the Zionists were able to "fish" ordraw a number of Jews back to the Land. However, it took the "hunters" (Nazis, Arabs, Soviets) to really get them to leave "Egypt and Babylon," following WWII. Perhaps we may expect a similar pattern with the return of the Lost Tribes.

23:1-6: This passage makes it clear that both Houses will come eventually--and again their return is associated with the Davidic Messiah. This GREAT RETURN is to rival the Exodus from Egypt in the time of Moses!

30-31: These key chapters are particularly full and vivid regarding the sequence of events to come about in the "latter days," and the establishment of the much expected new covenant with the restored Twelve Tribes of Israel.

Hosea 1-3: The Lost Tribes become "not My people," losing their identity and their knowledge of God and turning to paganism ("days of the Baalim," through they number as the sands of the sea (1:10-11; 2:13). They remain in this state for "many days" but return to Judah and to their God in the "latter days." Once again their return is associated with the appearance of the Davidic Messiah (1:11; 3:4-5).

DAN IS GERMANY & DENMARK, Switzerland, Austria, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein

“Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel.”

DAN: #1835 Dan {Dawn} judge. From #1777 diyn {deen} a straight course, to sail directly. To plead the cause, content, execute, to act as a judge, minister judgment, requite, vindicate, govern, strive, to be at strife, quarrel. All these things reflect the pattern for Dan's people, which shows up in more modern times as the nations of Germany and Denmark.

            Most people remember Germany by the fascism state, which took place under Hitler. Fascism is a system of government that has ruthless and strict social and economic controls over its people. Fascism is generally always headed by a dictator on one hell of an ego trip. This isn't good for the nation or the people, and usually ends in war and much bloodshed. 'Dan' seems to go to extremes whenever he does things – to the point of being radical.
These ten 'toes', I mean Germanic nations, emerged out of the eastern part of the Carolingian Empire. This situation with the unHoly Roman Empire ‘beast’ lasted until Napoleon put an end to it in 1806. Is it any wonder that Dan's name was omitted from the list of tribes in the book of Revelation? This unHoly Roman Empire was probably the evilest thing that ever existed on the face of the earth bar none. Dan, what were you thinking – talk about a devilish beast, listen to this:

            “Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.” Both Denmark and Germany have had very power armies in the past, but the role Germany played throughout the Dark Ages, and not forgetting the years from 1930-1945, is inexcusable to say the least. For shame. Dan needs to redeem himself for sure. There I go judging Dan, must be a couple family lines from the tribe of Dan running through my veins.
Thus the Babylonian goddess Ishtar became the Anglo-Saxon goddess Eostre and Ba'al Gad became "God" .      

Dan the Serpent: The serpent and the swastika are said to be siblings; the serpent as the darker side of power in the Universe, the swastika represents that force in motion.
Gen 30:6 And Rachel said, God hath judged me, and hath also heard my voice, and hath given me a son: therefore she called his name Dan, so the name ‘Dan’ means, to judge.

            Dan as the judge: “Germany's judiciary independence and extensive responsibilities reflect the importance of the rule of law in the German system of government. Principles of Roman law form the basis of the German judicial system and define a system of justice that differs fundamentally from the common law system, in which courts rely on precedents from prior cases. In Germany, courts look to a comprehensive system of legal codes. The codes delineate somewhat abstract legal principles, and judges must decide specific cases based on those standards. Given the importance of complex legal codes, judges must be particularly well trained. Indeed, judges are not chosen from the field of practicing lawyers. Rather, they follow a distinct career path. At the end of their legal education at university, all law students must pass a state examination before they can continue on to an apprenticeship that provides them with broad training in the legal profession over two years. They then must pass a second state examination that qualifies them to practice law. At that point, the individual can choose either to be a lawyer or to enter the judiciary. Judicial candidates start working at courts immediately, however they are subjected to a probationary period of up to four years before being appointed as judges for lifetime”.  Germany puts a high emphasis on its judicial system. 

Dan dares to judge the Vatican: Germany is the home of the Reformation launched by Martin Luther in the early 16th century. The Reformation began in Germany when Luther stood in defiance of the Pope. Germany has always been instrumental in theological movements beginning during the 'unHoly' Roman Empire and all up through Christianity.

            Again Dan judges: In terms of ideology, Nazism combines racism, nationalism, anti-semitism and anti-communism. The Nazis believed in the superiority of an Aryan master race [so does the Bible], advocated individual leadership in a strong, centralized government, and claimed to be defending Germany and the entire Western world against communism and Jewish subversion.

            Dan is the fifth son of Jacob. His mother was Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid. The name 'Bilhah' means 'troubled.' Bilhah must have been deeply troubled when Dan played his pattern to the hilt.

Germany exercised all the negative traits of Dan, while Denmark shines with the positive role. 


Thought this was interesting, so decided to include it.: The Hebrew word 'Amiyr' #5995, which the name 'America' reflects, refers to a 'sheaf of wheat'. In America's heartland are grown wheat fields as far as you can see - this land is called the breadbasket of the world. 'Amar' #6014, means to gather grain [wheat], and implies reaping the ripened golden harvest.

U.S. coins depicted bundles of wheat, while her paper money depicted grains of 'Amiyr' [wheat], in a cornucopia of great abundance. Ephraim means 'double' fruitfulness - double the harvest from the 'bread-basket of the world - this is Amiyr, or America, as she plays her role in the double Ephraim Pattern. Once again, Joseph's descendants feed the world from the land of America [Amiyr] - with her cornucopia of golden harvest. Remember, ALL Joseph's descendants represent the pattern for Ephraim today, no matter where they may roam, but the two nations given the power as the horns of UNI-corns are America and the United Kingdom. Uni meaning ONE origin. Remember, ‘Corn’ means horn, which means power.

The word ‘SHEAF’ can also refer to a sheaf of arrows called a quiver; as well as a sheaf of wheat or corn. 


“.. Abundance of the seas and of treasures hid in the sand.' 

Miles of Cornwall’s coastline has long extensive stretches of fine golden sand, which form the beaches that are so important to the tourist industry. Fishing has been a significant part of the industry in Cornwall over the years, and historically tin mining was vital to their economy. Other treasures hidden within the sands are copper, lead, zinc, and silver, which have all been mined in Cornwall.

Cornish Heraldic Arms depict a fisherman on the left, and a tin miner on the right. As shield supporters, these two men are representative of the two leading industries that once dominated the state of Cornwall - and they are ID patterns for Zebulon, 'abundance of the seas and treasures hidden within the sand.'

Cornwall is located at the very southern tip of England. From the 'throne', which is England, go directly west - then turn directly south and you will find Zebulon, or rather, Cornwall. 


Words with same or similar meanings abound; for instance the Hebrew word for holy in common usage according to Halacha (Jewish law) is Kasher. The word in Manx Gaelic for hallowed or holy is Casherick.


 It wasn't just ten-tribed Israel, but also the descendants of 200,000 Judahites. Therefore a remnant of Judah was, and still is, present in Germany today, those who did not move on to the West. Not every Saxon, not every Jute, left Germany to come to the Isles.

The lion is a symbol of Judah. The white horse is identified with the tribe of Dan and, in symbolism, with the coming Christ. It is all over the arms of Saxony and Hanover. There is the heraldry which proclaims the remnant of Judah revealed in Germany.

Those heraldic emblems are all over the city of Hanover in spite of it being heavily bombed and badly destroyed in World War II. When I was on a trip there, I was taken on a heritage trail. All over the town, on arches and on buildings and on gates, the heraldry of the lion and the unicorn and all the heraldry of our Royal coat-of-arms are apparent. Even Hitler never erased that, and even today the parliament building for Lower Saxony (the provincial parliament in Hanover) has that Royal coat-of-arms.

To continue, if Judah is the lion symbol in heraldry, why do the Germans have the double-headed eagle as their symbol? That was on the Kaiser's banner, the House of Hohenzollern, and it was associated with the Third Reich.

Just as Judah's symbol is the lion, so the Assyrian symbol is the double-headed eagle, symbolising the division of the Germans. Double-headed eagles are associated with the Assyrian-originated peoples, and yet there are also the lions symbolising the Judah peoples.

In Baden, or Wurttemberg, the coat-of-arms displays three black lions on a gold background on the main shield, and then there are six smaller shields for the six component parts of that province. Wurttemberg itself has another golden lion rampant of the House of Judah upon a black background.

The modern coat-of-arms of Bavaria (which is not a predominantly Israelite part of Germany) incorporates the two golden lions of the Palatinate into its heraldry because Bavaria includes the territory once called the Palatine or Palatinate.

The city coat-of-arms for Bremen is two golden lions and the State coat-of arms for Bremen contains a lion with a helmet holding a key in his hand. Could it be that it is, as Revelation says, the Key of David, the Philadelphia church era?

The old Grand Duchy of Hesse has the symbol of a blue lion; he is crowned and carrying or drawing forth a sword. Out of the mouth of the lion of Judah, the conquering King Jesus comes forth with what? A two-edged sword, which is the Word of God. The heraldry is all there.

In Hamburg, the heraldry depicts two golden lions upholding a castle upon a white shield. In Westphalia, the emblem is the white horse; and in Mecklenburg it is the bull's head, the bull being the symbol of the Angles, just as much as the white horse was that of the Saxons.

Who could possibly deny the presence of Judah in Germany when we know Germany to have been the land of the Protestant Reformation? Who among our Israelite people, preachers and writers, would have the audacity to stand up and to say that Martin Luther or Melanchthon or any of the other great reformers that came out of Germany were Assyrians? These Lutherans who broke the chains of Rome - who would dare to say that they were Assyrians? God reveals His truth to Israel; these people were of true Israelite extraction.

We are well aware of our own John Wycliffe. We know how he translated the Bible into English and shook the power of Rome towards the end of the 1300's, and that is why, ahead of time, he was called the “Morning Star of the Reformation”. We are well aware of the pre-Reformation witnesses, like the Waldensians in Italy (the Israel of the Alps), John Huss and Jerome of Prague.

When the witnesses of Bible prophecy stood upon their feet in the person of Martin Luther in 1517, and he nailed the Theses to the church door in Wittenberg, where did it happen? It happened in Germany. Why did it happen in Germany? 

The witnesses, of course, were God's true Israel and God's true Church. In May 1514, the Pope of Rome sent a letter all over Rome, Europe, and what they called Christendom. He said that if anybody had a controversy with Rome, or did not agree with what the Holy Roman Catholic Church taught, let them come to the church of St. John Lateran in Rome, let them stand up and present their case.

Nobody in their right mind would have gone, because the Pope had given a safe conduct previously to Jerome of Prague and others and then burned them. So nobody went: no Hussites; no Waldenses; and no Albigenses - nobody turned up. And the Pope of Rome had a great celebration. They said, “The Witnesses are dead! No one opposes us. It is on record that no one opposes us anymore.” For three and a half years (that is three and a half days in prophecy) Rome ruled supreme.

Then, three and a half years to the day in Wittenberg in Germany, a little Saxon monk called Martin Luther nailed a parchment to the church door on 31st October, Reformation Day, and the Protestant Reformation began!

Even the Pope said that the ancient witnesses, Huss and Jerome, had come alive again in the person of Martin Luther. Where did the work of reformation begin? It began in Germany. How can we label all those people Assyrians? God would have put the Assyrians in the outer court. But no, God sent the awakening there.

Somebody once asked me, "Why did He begin it in Germany?" I will tell you why; in Zechariah's prophecy (ZECHERIAH 12:7), it says this: "The LORD also shall save [or bring salvation to] the tents of Judah first…”, and it was Martin Luther who first proclaimed, in Saxon Germany, the great Truth of Justification by Faith alone. The two foundational beliefs of the Reformation are the doctrine of Justification by Faith and the prophetic identity of the Popes of Rome as Antichrist. Germany was the first place in which Luther would publicly burn the Papal Bull, the letter of excommunication.

At Worms in Germany, Luther declared, "My conscience is captive to the Word of God, here I stand; I can do no other.” At Wartburg Castle he would produce his copy of the Bible in German. It would be to Germany that Tyndale (our own great reformer who gave us the English Bible - the little book of the prophecy of REVELATION 10) would flee from England, persecuted by the Roman Church. He had to seek refuge in Germany to get his little book printed. It was from Germany that the Bibles were smuggled back into Britain in bales of cloth. The Church of Rome was mocked, because they paid a huge amount of money to buy up a whole lot of the Bibles in order to burn them. With all the money received, the Reformers printed even more Bibles, of better condition and better quality - this all happened in Germany!

In 1529, in Germany, at the Diet of Spiers, the word Protestant first came into being, and the famous Augsburg Confession of the Lutheran Church was framed and put into writing. So how dare we deny the existence of the Remnant of Judah revealed in Germany?

As well as the Lutherans, the Calvinistic groups were also flourishing there. Some of you will have heard of a group called the Moravians. The Moravian church was in a part of old Bohemia, now Czechoslovakia, on the German frontier. They were really persecuted during the Thirty Years' War.

They fled and took refuge in Germany proper in 1628. Then the Moravian church came under the protection and inspiration of the great German Christian, Count Ludwig von Zinzendorf, who developed the Moravian Church. The Moravians migrated out of Germany (in fact we have two Moravian churches in Belfast). The Moravian people also went to America, as missionaries to the West Indies and mostly to Georgia. It was in Georgia that John Wesley, who was still seeking the assurance of Salvation, came under the influence of the Moravians, and that was really his starting point to finding assurance of faith. The Moravians in America went on, in 1740, to develop a large settlement in a place called Bethlehem in Pennsylvania. So the Moravian Church originated in the remnant of Judah found in Germany.

The dragon was wroth with the woman Israel, the remnant of Israel's seed in Germany, just as the remnant in France, the Huguenots, suffered terribly by the wars of religion and the persecuting powers of Rome. And what was the result of that? The woman (Israel) was given the wings of an eagle to flee to a place of safety. The French Huguenots, a remnant of Reuben, fled to South Africa, where there is a memorial depicting that fact. The remnant of Judah in Germany began to move westward towards the United States of America from the 17th century onwards. So many of them migrated, in point of fact, that there are as many Americans today who can claim German descent as there are who can claim English descent. They were not Assyrians!

As that Judah/Israel element migrated out of Germany, the Assyrian/Gomer element did not, and so over the centuries they have come to predominate whilst the Israelite element has become a minority or a remnant. When the United States was actually established, it was only by a narrow majority vote of one in the Continental Congress that the Americans chose English rather than German to be their national language. That is something that is not well known.

There was constant migration to the United States. The Church of the Brethren of the Baptists fled first from Westphalia to Holland because of persecution, and then they went from Holland and settled the area, around Germantown in Pennsylvania. Then a group of Lutherans moved into Georgia, and in 1839, under the leadership of a minister called Walther, they went to Missouri. Persecuted Lutherans, who were known as the Salzbergers, were driven into Prussia and from Prussia they fled to America.

Large numbers then sailed from Saxony and arrived in New Orleans in 1839. They journeyed up the Mississippi to St. Louis and there Walther built Trinity Church and began the first Lutheran magazine. Another group went into Michigan, and eventually they were grouped together under what is called today the Lutheran Church, Missouri Synod. To this day they still adhere to the confession that the Pope of Rome is the Antichrist of prophecy.

Nobody's going to tell me that those were Assyrians - they had to be the Israelite remnant.

It is interesting to note that the name Judah means ‘Praise'. Judahites were a praising people, so it is not surprising, therefore, to find that the remnant of Israel found in Germany would also be a musical people. Out of the Reformation and Martin Luther's work not only came the Word of God, but many beautiful hymns. We all should be acquainted with the great Reformation hymn that Luther wrote, “A Mighty Fortress is our God, the bulwark never failing”, based on PSALM 46. If any of you are musically inclined, especially if you like Classical Music, think of Johann Sebastian Bach (a German), Beethoven (born in Bonn, a German), Brahms (born in Hamburg), Handel (Handel's “Messiah”! - Handel came from Saxony), Schumann (from Saxony) and so on. Composer after composer proved to be of the German people, mostly during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Judah means “praise”, therefore they are a praising, musical people.


Towards the north on the Gerard Valk map, the visitor sees the North Sea labeled, "Danicarum Mare," or "Sea of the tribe of Dan." Similarly, the modern state of Denmark is here labeled, "Danos," yet another reference to the Biblical tribe of Dan. The late great antiquarian scholar, Dr. Cyrus Gordon, wrote of the migrations of this tribe in his study, "The Mediterranean Factor In The Old Testament." He wrote:

"The role of Dan is of particular importance. Judges 5:17 informs us that Dan was a sea people, dwelling in ships. Dan is related onomastically to Danan [and] Danuna with the suffix - an [or] -on. The group must have been large, for it is well nigh ubiquitous. The Greeks called themselves Danaoi; Ramses III repulsed the Denyen (Danuna/Danaoi/Danites) ...in the eighth century B.C., Cilicia was dominated by Danunites ...and there is reason to believe that waves of Danaoi/Danites migrated to the westernmost reaches of Europe, bringing with them their name." (p.21) Cilicia is located in southeast Asia Minor, south of the Black Sea.

Flowing into the north end of the Caspian Sea is the Volga River, with its tributaries the Jeruslan River and Samara River. The near identity of these terms with "Jerusalem" and "Samaria" is obvious. Just to the east is the Ural River,with a town called "Sacharnaia," the "land of the Saka" or Saxons.

The Caucasus Mountain region is another gateway to Europe from the Mid-east, and Israel place-names are found there, too, in such names as Sakartvelo and Sachkhere. 


The Jews who live among the various nations of the Ten Tribes of Israel tend to be in positions of influence and power, and they control much of these nations' wealth. Because of their power and wealth there is a considerable amount of enmity between those of the other tribes and the Jews, yet there is a feeling of kinship toward the Jews of the nation of Israel.

A “One House” or “Two House” Movement?

Granted that some do talk about the two groups becoming “one new man,” but in the end, most of them see a difference in the two people groups who love the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. They are the ones who are always calling them “Jews and Gentiles.” On the other hand, we refer to the people as being one reunited and restored house of Israel! We teach that Israel is called to be one house in Messiah! (Eph 2:11-22).

We do recognize that, as far as physical backgrounds are concerned, in the earth there are different groups of people. However, when we come together in Messiah Yeshua’s New Covenant, there can be no difference. We see this principle laid out in the promise the Father made through Jeremiah:

“‘Behold, days are coming,’ declares YHVH, ‘when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them…. But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,’ declares YHVH, ‘I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, “Know YHVH,” for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,’ declares YHVH, ‘for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more’” (Jer 31:31-34).


"In Greek eyes the Phoenicians-proper were the same as the Israelite Tribes who inhabited the Phoenician coast. The Phoenicians-proper appear to have referred to themselves as ‘Tyrians,’ or ‘Sidonians,’ etc., or as ‘Canaanites,’ and so they are termed in the Bible. The Romans called the Phoenicians ‘Poenes’ or ‘Puni,’ and the ‘Punic Wars’ were those fought between the Phoenician-descended Carthaginians and the Romans. The Puni (or Phuni, descendants of Phua) were an important clan in the Israelite Tribe of Issachar (Numbers 26: 23,24), which, as related, at one stage conquered the important ‘Phoenician’ mother city of Sidon. ‘Of the sons of Issachar after their families…of Pua, the family of the Puni…’ (Numbers 26:23).

"The Hebrew name Pua (Phua or ‘Puni’) is derivable from a root denoting a certain plant used to make red dye. The name ‘Phoenician’ has the same connotation. ‘Phoenix’ (from which the term ‘Phoenician’ is derived) is apparently Greek and is said to mean ‘red’ after one of the dyes the Phoenicians were famous for producing".


Pliny  wrote: "The Sakai were among the most distinguished people of Scythia, who settled in Armenia, and were called Sacae-Sani."

The Normans were Israelites of the Tribe of Benjamin who formerly lived in Asia Minor.

The Anglo-Saxons.As this section of ancient Israel crossed over into Britain they established seven principal kingdoms known as the Heptarchy - the Land of the Seven Kingdoms.The Saxons settled Essex, Sussex, and Wessex. The Aeglae settled Northumbria, Deira, and Mercia. The Angae settled East Anglia. But again the Manassehites were divided in East Anglia - North and South just as they were in Palestine and also on the shores of the Caspian Sea.A good map of Englarid will show that East Anglia is divided into two main sections, Norfolk and Suffolk, which means North Folk and South Folk.These seven became the English,all of them being Israelites under different sectional names.

Inasmuch as the Eglah, heifer of the wild ox, was Ephraim's heraldic device during Israel's encampment in the wilderness and in Palestine, it was only natural that the Ephraimites should call themselves the Aeglae when they left Palestine, and wear the headdress of a bull as we have already mentioned. It was also a natural development that the bull should become a part of the English heraldic device today, and that they should even be called John Bull.The appearance of the lion and unicorn on the British Coat of Arms was no mere happenstance.

Deuteronomy 33:17 says, "His glory is like the firsting of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim and the thousands of Manasseh."

This is why the Eglah - the bullock - has become identified with Johnny Bull England.

It is also interesting that the Lion is also a part of Britain's heraldic standard. "Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?" The lion was the standard of Judah. It is altogether fitting that the present Monarch of Britain, who is a direct descendant of the House of David, which came from the Tribe of Judah, should have the lion on her Royal Coat of Arms. Neither is it a mere accident that Jesus Christ, who one day will have the Throne of David turned over to Him, is called in Revelation "The Lion of the tribe of Judah."

Those who reject our Israel identity deny that the word "b'rith" means "covenant." We need only to refer them to the Jewish organization "B'nai B'rith" which means "Sons of the Covenant." Now if B'rith means "Covenant" when it is used with the word "B'nai," just why does this Hebrew word not mean "Covenant" when used with the Hebrew word "Ish?" Our opponents can dodge and hedge and heckle all they please but they can never change the meaning of these two Hebrew words. British means "Covenant Man." Every Britisher, whether in Britain, America, Australia, New Zealand, or elsewhere is under a covenant. He is a Covenant Man. The Lord said that Israel would "be called by a new name, which the mouth of the Lord shall name."

The Tribe of Gad Today 

'I served my mission in Fresno California (Hmong Speaking) from 1995-97 and most Hmong church members (excluding one)that I knew with their patriarchal blessings were either from the tribes of Gad or Asher.'

The Tribe of Judah Today 

'I have a friend in Nova Scotia, Canada who is from the tribe of Judah. He was not brought up to know he was Jewish until he had his patriarchal blessing.'

Lands of the Dispersion: England and Scotland

In the article ‘Tracing the Dispersion’ in the February 1994 issue of the Ensign, Terry Blodgett provides considerable linguistic, historical, and cultural evidence for the influx of a people of Hebrew origin into the territories of the Germanic peoples, particularly the British and the Scandinavians as well as the Germans, Swiss, and Austrians, shortly after the 10 Tribes had been carried away captive into Assyria. He also notes another Hebrew sound shift centuries later, corresponding to the influx of Aramaic-speaking Hebrews after the final dispersion of the Jews from Palestine. These linguistic and historical evidences correlate very well with the evidences from missionary work in our era.

The original descendants of the British Isles, both and in more recently settled territories (like Australia, and to a lesser extent South Africa, where the British are heavily mixed with the Dutch), have always had a high rate of receptivity to the gospel. There are many traditions that Joseph of Arimathaea preached the Gospel in the British Isles. The ancient (non-Catholic) Christian Church in Britain was originally much more pure in its teachings and practices than the Church of Rome until ‘converted’ by the Catholic ‘Saint’ Augustine, a murderer and whoremonger. Arthurian legends are strongly reminiscent of a Zionist society and of Messianic scripture (‘the once and future king,’ there will be ‘no peace on earth’ until he comes again) and may represent the an altered form of gospel teachings. Many striking similarities between the Arthurian legends and the Gospel have been remarked upon for years. While the legends have undoubtedly undergone considerable change over time and lost some of their original clarity, the striking parallels with the gospel which have been preserved are impossible not to remark upon. It is very likely that the Savior appeared to people in the British Isles after his resurrection.

Northern Ireland: 0.54% (5400 of 1 million – mainly Scots and English, relatively few pure Irish)

Australia: 0.52% (96,000 of 18.3 million)

Scotland: 0.50% (25,000 of 5 million)

England: 0.26% (133,000 of 52 million)

Wales: 0.24% (7100 of 3 million)

The actual rates are much higher than shown here, since many members emigrated to the US. Many North American members claim Scottish, English, or Welsh heritage. Patriarchal blessings typically document that the strong presence of the blood of Ephraim, son of Joseph in the British Isles. Again, great are the promises of the Lord unto them who are upon the isles of the sea.

Church membership is much far higher among the English than among the Irish (0.06%). While there are many members with some Irish heritage, most of these individuals also have some English or Scottish heritage. It has also been noted in the United States, where 18-23% of individuals claim Irish ancestry, that pure Irish ancestry is surprisingly rare in the church (as are pure Greeks and to a lesser extent pure Italians). In all of these countries, many of those converted are actually foreigners. These data would lead one to believe that there is much less of the Blood of Israel among these groups.

In continental Europe, membership is led by Portugal (0.33%), Scandinavia (0.1%), and Switzerland (0.1%). The church in Portugal is relatively recent. While baptisms are high, activity is low and much remains to be seen. In the 19th century, conversions were very high in Scandinavia. Many lifelong church members in the U.S. have Scandinavian ancestry (how many LDS Sorensons, Andersons, and Christiansens do you know? The -son endings are Swedish and -sen is Danish). Spanish Fork is the largest community of Icelanders outside of Iceland. However, the LDS population in Scandinavia is only very slightly higher than it was 25 years ago due to the very low rate of baptisms and a small trickle of emigration. During this time period, LDS population has doubled, tripled, and even increased 10 fold or more in many other areas of the world.


WHITE nations inhabiting some parts of western Barbary and Numidia.” What white nation was driven from the western shores of western Asia? The House of Israel! 

“The Spanish writers generally contend, after the death of Stephen he came to these WESTERN parts, and particularly into SPAIN (some add BRITAIN and IRELAND) where he planted Christianity”

Note it. Yet another apostle sent to the lost sheep of the House of Israel ends in the British Isles - in IRELAND as well as in Britain! Eusebius, in his third book of “Evangelical Demonstrations”, chapter 7, admitted that the apostles “passed over to those which are called the British Isles.” Again he wrote: “Some of the Apostles preached the Gospel in the British Isles.” Could anything be plainer? Even in Spain James spent some time. Why Spain? From ancient times Spain was the high road of migration from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the British Isles. The ancient royal House of Ireland for a time dwelt in Spain. The prophet Jeremiah passed through Spain into Ireland with Zedekiah’s daughters (Jeremiah 41:10; 43:6). Even today a vital part of the Iberian Peninsula - Gibraltar - belongs to the birthright tribe of Ephraim - the British!


Thomas also journeyed into Northwest India, east of Persia, where the “White Indians” dwelt. These “White Indians” - that is, whites living in India-were also known as “Nephthalite Huns”, in later Greek records. Any connection with the tribe of Naphthali? 


Matthew, Metaphrastes tells us, “went first into Parthia, and having successfully planted Christianity in those parts, thence travelled to Aethiopia, that is, the Asiatic Aethiopia, lying near India.” For some centuries this region of the Hindu Kush, bordering on Scythia and Parthia, was known as “White India.”


In his scholarly-produced History of Sweden (Svearikes Historia), Dalin says "Shepherd-Scythians," called Vodiner or Budiner, came to the Swedish islands around 400 B.C. because of pressure from Philip and Alexander of Macedonia. He says another race joined them, which was a mixture of Scythians, Greeks and Hebrews. They were called Neuri. According to Dalin, they were the ancestors of the Finns, Lapps and Estonians.

Pliny says that the Sacae who settled in Armenia (south of the Black Sea) were named "Sacassani" (Book vi.19). They called their part of Armenia "Sacasena," which is nearly the same as Saxonia or Saxony. Ptolemy also mentions a Scythian people called "Saxones." The Anglo-Saxons are British ancestors.

The Enigma of the DNA Quest to find the Lost “Red Headed Israelites”

So today, in our era of modern science, do we have the technology to identity the Lost Israelites through DNA studies? The answer is yes.Over the decades the science of DNA technology have resurrected the matrix of a genetic genealogy.  Now we can identity and compare the markers on the Y chromosome that is transferred genetically from father to son. What is known is that it remains stable for a long period of time. They share the same paternal ancestors even in the distant past eras to the modern era of today. 

The DNA markers can also be compared to population groups that have already been identified and then grouped into a classification system called “Haplogroups.” With this information, the population geneticists can begin to plot out migration patterns of large groups of closely identified peoples in the ancient world. What we have learned is the R1b (Haplotype 15) is the most common haplogroup in Western Europe today. 

This same R1b (Haplotype 15) DNA sequence is also identified with the Basques of Northern Spain that also includes the aboriginal first settlers in the British Isles. Here we find the ancient Welsh in the British Wales along the Atlantic Seaboards of England to the west. But they also include the Picts to the north in Scotland and the Irish to the west on the Isle of Ireland. 

They even seek to identify these populations with Paleolithic populations in Europe. These included those who took refuse from the Ice Age living in the caves of the Pyrenees Mountains between southern France and Northern Spain, called the Atlantic Modal Haplotype. 

A near relative of the R1b (Haplotype 15) is the R1b (Haplotype 35) who first came out of the Ice Age in the region of the Balkans under the Black Sea while others migrated across Asia Minor, into the steppes in the region of West Asia and the mountain and plain regions of southeastern Europe. 

Today we see this same Haplotype in the DNA of the Eastern Europeans.  These include the Armenians, the Greeks, Hungarians, the Romanians, and the Turks. These include also various groups of peoples in the region of the Caucasus Mountains just north of Georgia. Think again, these are all the regions of the habitation of the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel. 

According to the geneticists, this same haplogroup is also imbedded in the populations in Western Europe where it is purported to have been spread by the Eastern Germanic Gothic tribes of the Ostrogoths, the Visigoths, the Alans, the Vandals, plus the Suevi in Switzerland. 

So when we begin to discover the ancient ancestors of the Lost Ten Tribes, we begin to uncover the unsettling but not surprising discovery that red hair is a clue of the identity of these ancient peoples. These were the tribes who continued to abominate the Holy Name of G-d as HaShem, the G-d of Israel spoke through the pen of the Prophet Ezekiel. 

What we will discover as we done in the past is that the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel are alive and well.

We discover that they, the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel are the ones who have provoked the wars of the nations, such as the 30 year war in 19th century Europe, World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Viet Nam War plus the wars against Saddam Hussein in Iraq, and the War in Afghanistan. 

They are the ones that are seeking hegemony and control of the world in order to create a One World Order, HaShem is giving them a bold warning; “Your days of creating chaos, anarchy, forcing your Hellenistic Pan-American-European culture upon the native populations of the world and foisting Grecian democracy upon them with the goal of getting their “vote” to the eventual One World Order is a about over. 

As the evidence looms over us, we are impelled to recognized that the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel still living in Europe who are the most vocal seeking to deny the rise of the prophetic future. This will be when a Greater Israel will bring Planet Earth and the whole universe into an era of unprecedented peace. 

Here will reign an era and a culture to match of spiritual enlightenment, when the Era of the Mashiach arrives to bring all mankind into the “Glory of G-d”. 

 The secret identity of the identity of these peoples have now been revealed in the genetic laboratories of Europe around the world. One of the most poignant clues to this fact is that the “Red Hair” genetic roots of the Y-Haplogroup of the R1b can now be perceived and identified as the “Lost Israelites” in Ancient Europe.

In the ancient script of the Torah, the first Man on earth, created in the Image of G-d was Adam. Adam, to etymologists, carries the meaning of red or ruddy man. What is known today; red hair is rare. Very Rare. It is virtually non-existent around the world except in Western Europe. 

We know in history that King David was a red-head so the Davidian lineage of King David would also carry its genetic makeup. Today the red hair is most dense in the western regions along the Atlantic seaboard of Europe and heading to the east towards Poland. It then extends from Poland all the way down over the Pyrenees Mountain through Basque in Northern Spain into central Spain.  We see it in the populations of southern Scandinavia, and Finland to the east heading over into the Volga region of Russia. 

Looking carefully at the maps, the highest density of red hair that is imbedded in over 10% of the population live along the western regions of Europe. This includes the western Atlantic seaboards of Ireland, the Northwestern sector of Scotland on the Isle of Britannia and the western regions of Great Britain in Wales. 

There is a greater density of over 10% of red hair clustering towards the western region of Denmark where the Tribe of Dan is located and in the southwestern region of Norway. This then extends down the coastline of the La Manche (English Channel) along the coastline of the Netherlands and Belgium and then further south to the peninsula of Brittany jutting out into the Atlantic and the Bay of Biscay.  Yes, we have to admit that red hair is it one the rarest and most unique of all the colored hairs in the world. It now has become a marker for the identity of the Lost Ten  Tribes of the House of Israel. 

Rarely in the ancient writings did the authors speak of the color of hair, but red hair was the exception.  According to Suetonius in “The Life of the Twelve Caesars”, the 8th Emperor of Rome, Vitellius was a redhead.  His name should be familiar to all with the knowledge of Jewish history. 

The Roman Emperor Vitellius was the last of the “Year of the Four Emperors”, when his claim to the Roman throne was challenged by the eastern Roman legions under the command of the Roman General Vespasian. These troops then proclaimed Vespasian the Roman Emperor while his troops were surrounding Jerusalem in siege. 

In the civil war that erupted, the defending legions of Vitellius were decisively defeated at the Second Battle of Bedriacum in Northern Italy and Vitellius was executed in Rome by the legions of Vespasian on the 22nd of December, 69 CE. And so today, the Emperors Vespasian and his son, Hadrian are indelibly tied in the Jewish history with the fall and destruction of Jerusalem and the Holy Temple of G-d on the Temple Mount. 

Is it not surprising that with the rise of the United States in America that three of the first seven American presidents were red headed Israelites; Thomas Jefferson, 3rd American president, James Monroe, the 5th American president and Andrew Jackson, the 7th American president for their ancestral lineages came from the Isle of Britannia, no doubt including Welsh lineages plus Irish and Scottish. 

The Divine Hand of G-d allowed them to build their own imperial states and world empires. These included; Portugal, Spain, Great Britain, Netherlands, France and even Germany.  Their dominions were scattered around the entire world.  They even included the Scandinavian Vikings (Scythians) who left their imprint of discovering the North American Continent even before Columbus. 

It was the Israelite Scythian Vikings that paved a pathway of dominion all the way to Constantinople while the Danes under King William the Great took over the Isle of Brittany long after the Anglo-Saxons (Engle-Sacae or the “sons of Isaac”) had pushed the Tribes of Ephraim and Dan over to the Atlantic coastline of Wales. 

The major region where the populous Lost Ten Tribes were sent into exile included the region of Khurasan, which includes Northern Iran, Eastern Afghanistan and Western Pakistan. The Pashtun Tribes of Bani-Israel are the remnant of these tribes who still live in this region. 

The Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel were called the “Great Wanderers”. They then are identified in the routes of the ancient wanderings of this Rb1 Haplogroup as they migrated along with a more ancient subclade called the R1b L23. They settled as they migrated into Southern Russia and Ukraine along the northern banks of the Black Sea and according to the historical texts they rarely amalgamated with the local indigenous populations but stayed rather intact and pure to their lost Hebrew tribal identity. 

They also left their imprint upon the landscape of the world as they traversed across the globe. This is first suspected to be the route of the first of the wanderings with the Tribe of Dan, who everywhere this tribe migrated they left the name of “Dan” on the names of the rivers in which they passed over; the Don (Dan) River, the Dnieper (Danieper) the Dniester (Daniester) and the Danube as they then floated north upwards towards Denmark (Danmark). 

Here came then the entry of the first White People now identified with the R1b Haplogroup. Within this group came also the first “Redheads” into the region of Gaul, or the mid to northern regions of Europe today.  As the Celtic Cimmerians, their final resting place was to be in the Isles of the West.

The peoples most associated with the red hair were the Celtic and the Cymric people who have now been identified with the La Tène villages in Central and Northern Europe. It is understandable that the researchers and scholars of the La Tène peoples do not have consensus of opinion of who these people were. They arrived in central Gaul in the 5th century BCE, expanded in the 4th century to Hispania (Spain) the Balkans and over into Asia Minor, but not necessarily in that order. 

Instead, they arrived from the East as the Lost Ten Tribes. They became known as the Gauls or the Gallic peoples. In fact it was the Lost Tribe Gallic general, Brennus who first reached the city of Rome in the 4th century and took possession of it. 

It was in the 8th century BCE that the Samaritans of the House of Joseph were first called the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel for they were collectively ruled by the Tribe of Joseph whose descendants were the Tribe of Ephraim and Manasseh. They were cast out of their homelands by the Assyrians and sent into exile in the land of Khorasan, by the Caspian and the Black Seas by the G-d of Israel. This is done for predominately one reason; their apostasy, corruption, and rebellion against the Almighty One of Israel for rebelling against the dynastic rulers of Kings David and Solomon, refusal to worship in the Temple of Solomon during the Jewish festivals, and refusal to accept the Mechoquek of Judah, the Jewish rabbanim to be the legal Torah jurists for all 12-Tribed Israel. 

These tribes were called the Northern Kingdom of Israel. The central governance of their kingdom was the tribal land of Samaria, where the modern Palestinians people are trying to take this land to be the “Nation of Palestine”, but there is one problem. This “deed” to the titled of this land has already been land has already been promised by the G-d of Israel to be for the restoration of the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel (Ezekiel 36).

These tribes were instead exiled to the land that today encompasses the region of Northern Iran, Eastern Afghanistan and Western Pakistan populated by the largest tribe of the region; the Bani-Israel people called the Pashtuns Tribal peoples. 

Our heart and minds begin to ponder as we remember that the Israelite Pashtuns are prophetically destined by the God of Israel to become a military force that will cause the “nations to stumble” while at the same time contain the forces of evil.  Are the “nations that stumble” the same nations the will bring the forces of evil?  Are we seeing a role reversal, where the allied powers of the west that claim to bring peace and freedom with democracy will actually be the forces of the Anti-Messiah called in Islam as the Dajjal? 

According to the Islamic messianic imagery of the world at the time of the end, the forces of evil will come from those global powers that are seeking to take all free will and independence away from all mankind so that they can no longer worship the Monotheistic God of the Universes. 

The “army of the Mahdi” will begin what appears to be a new Islamic Jihad.  As they travel from the Afghani region of the Pashtuns in Afghanistan, we find an amazing event happening. The Mahdi and his military followers appear to be traveling southwest towards the City of Jerusalem.  This will be the same but opposite direction that they were taken into captivity 2,700 years ago by the Assyrian Empire.  This time, they will plant the black flags of the Jihad in the “Holy House”, the “Baitul Maqdas” the “Noble Sanctuary” known as the “Al-Aqsa Mosque” or the “Mosque of Omar”. 

The Prophet (PBUH or “peace be upon him who reads the words of the Prophet) said: "We (I and my family) are members of a household that Allah (SWT) has chosen for them the life of the Hereafter over the life of this world; and the members of my household (Ahlul-Bayt – “the household of Muhammad) shall suffer a great affliction and they shall be forcefully expelled from their homes after my death. 

Then there will come people from the East carrying Black Flags, and they will ask for some good to be given to them, but they shall be refused service; as such, they will wage war and emerge victorious, and will be offered that which they desired in the first place, but they will refuse to accept it till they pass it to a man (The Mahdi) from my family (Ahlul-Bayt – “People of the House of Muhammad) that appears to fill the Earth with justice as it has been filled with corruption. So whoever reaches that (time) ought to come to them even if crawling on the ice/snow since among them is the Vice-regent of Allah (Khalifatullah) al-Mahdi." (Sunan Ibn Majah) 

Hadhrat (“Great Presence”) Abu Hurairah (R.A.) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said - "(Armies carrying) Black Flags will come from Khurasan. No power will be able to stop them and they will finally reach Eela (Baitul Maqdas) where they will erect their flags." (Trimdi) 

Yet, it appears that the forces of the Pashtuns Israelites will be diverted first to Istanbul (Constantinople) before they turn to face the arrival of the international forces of the anti-Messiah, the Islamic Dajjal.  It is not certain as to which of these military engagements will occur first and their sequence of events; fall of Istanbul (Constantinople), the war with the Anti-Messiah (Dajjal) or the entry into Jerusalem and planting their black war flags on the Temple Mount. 

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Apostle (may peace he upon him) saying: “You have heard about a city the one side of which is in the land and the other is in the sea (Constantinople). They said: Allah's Messenger, yes. Thereupon he said: “The Last Hour would not come (time of the end) unless seventy thousand persons (warriors) from Bani lshaq (Sons of Isaac) would attack it.” 

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Apostle (may peace he upon him) saying: “When they would land there, they will neither fight with weapons nor would shower arrows but would only say:  “There is no god but Allah and Allah is the Greatest,” that one side of it would fall.” (Saheh Muslim) 

Strange as it may be, the Mahdi may be bringing home the most fierce and powerful of the warrior tribes from the Afghan and Pakistani region, the 41 million member Pashtun Tribes of Bani Israel; the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel.  They had resisted successfully, like no other warrior tribes, the global assault of the economic internationalists of the west.  Will HaShem, the G-d of Israel begin the redemption process at this time? 

This concept may have a certain validity.  When we look back into the annals of time, we realize that the redemption of the Jewish people who were in exile under the dominion of the Babylonians by King Nebuchadnezzar, came at the hands of the ruler of the Medes and the Persians called Cyrus the Great. 

 “Cyrus was a Pasargadae Israelite who now as the emperor of Medes and the Persians returned back to the lands of Media seeking to tame and subdue his exiled cousins whether he knew that or not, and their restless and warring urges for rebellion.  This was predicated by the historical facts that the rebellious Lost Ten Tribes of Israel were exiled by the Assyrians from their tribal “Land of Promise” for their continuous rebellion against the Almighty One of Israel. 

It appears that the Pashtun Lost Israelites will be the home and the bastion of the 70,000 Islamic warriors that will go and fight the Anti-Messiah at the “End of Days.” How this will morph together into one, we also do not know. Only vignettes of that culmination of the present age and the rise of the future era of the Messiah, have been given to the prophets of old. The rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is only the beginning of that prophetic drama. 

How they mesh and morph into the future has already been holographic preserved by the forces of the Divine. How we approach that day will depend on how transparent our mental filter toward HaShem has been nurtured so that indwelling spirit of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) can dwell within us to guide and direct our lives in our near future.


"In Greek eyes the Phoenicians-proper were the same as the Israelite Tribes who inhabited the Phoenician coast. The Phoenicians-proper appear to have referred to themselves as ‘Tyrians,’ or ‘Sidonians,’ etc., or as ‘Canaanites,’ and so they are termed in the Bible. The Romans called the Phoenicians ‘Poenes’ or ‘Puni,’ and the ‘Punic Wars’ were those fought between the Phoenician-descended Carthaginians and the Romans. The Puni (or Phuni, descendants of Phua) were an important clan in the Israelite Tribe of Issachar (Numbers 26: 23,24), which, as related, at one stage conquered the important ‘Phoenician’ mother city of Sidon. ‘Of the sons of Issachar after their families…of Pua, the family of the Puni…’ (Numbers 26:23).

"The Hebrew name Pua (Phua or ‘Puni’) is derivable from a root denoting a certain plant used to make red dye. The name ‘Phoenician’ has the same connotation. ‘Phoenix’ (from which the term ‘Phoenician’ is derived) is apparently Greek and is said to mean ‘red’ after one of the dyes the Phoenicians were famous for producing".


'Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon'. And of Zebulun - 'Rejoice Zebulun in thy going out, and Issachar in thy tents. They shall call the people unto the mountain there, and they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness, for they shall suckle of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand.' Cornish Arms depict a fisherman on the left, and a tin miner on the right. As shield supporters, these two men are representative of the two leading industries that once dominated the state of Cornwall - and are ID patterns for Zebulon, 'abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand.' ZIDON = fishing and hunting #6721 Tsiydown tsee-done' or Tsiydon {tsee-done'}; from #6679 in the sense of catching fish; fishery. Cornwall is found at the very southern tip of England. From the throne of England, go directly west - then turn directly south and you will find Zebulon - or rather, Cornwall. Zebulon is represented by Cornwall, England – the very southern tip of the Island, standing out like a friendly beacon over the sea. There are many 'sea havens' around the world, but not  all are friendly or safe. Cornwall is known for its beautiful lighthouses. 

 Zebulun's pattern will be 'bounties of the sea and treasures of the sand'. Zebulun is represented by Cornwall, England. The Coat of Arms for Cornwall has an Arms Supporter on either side of the shield, one a fisherman, the other a tin miner. Fishing and tin mining are the chief industries in Cornwall. There are six Celtic groups, and there are six sons of Leah. All of Leah's sons can be found with the Celtic nations. This is not to say that each person with Celtic ancestry is not an Israelite from Leah & Jacob no matter where they live, for they are, however, their specific tribe will be represented by the country and location designated to that tribe, and these clues are usually quite obvious.


In the time of David, people from Issachar were valiant men of might, chief men, and soldiers for war. The mother of Issachar was Leah, one of the four wives of Jacob. Leah conceived Issachar after hiring her husband away from her sister, Rachel, who was Jacob's more favored wife. The name ISSACHAR in Hebrew means reward, or fair trade.

 Genesis 30:18 And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, because I have given my maiden to my husband: and she called his name Issachar. Genesis 49:14 Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: Deut 33:18-19 And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in thy tents. 
They shall call the people unto the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness: for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand. 1 Ch 12:32 And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment.' 

Issachar is reflected in the Isle of Man. 

This Isle has mines of lead, iron, copper, and quarries for building stones and slate. The Coat of Arms, and the Isle of Man flag, both display a three bent legged figure, which is called a triskelion.

After 1866, the Isle of Man obtained the status of ‘Home Rule’, but the Manx people have made progress in other ways too, for they now enjoy their tax haven status. Perhaps this 'tax haven' status reflects the meaning of Issachar's name, that of just reward. 'Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens [actually saddlebags].'

These two saddlebags would be the landmasses of England and Ireland – how fitting a description, since the Isle of Man rests between the two larger Isles. 'Rejoice, Issachar, in thy tents’. While Manx [Issachar’s] people may live anywhere today in the Isles, the area identifying them as a people is the Isle of Man – this is their end-time inheritance. 

'And he [Issachar] saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.' [Tribute to the UK]. 

The Isle of Man is part of the geographical British Isles landmass, and is located just off the northwestern coast of mainland England. Although it is not part of the United Kingdom, it is a Crown dependency. The island lies in the Irish Sea, approximately equidistant between England, Scotland, and Ireland. The Isle of Man was part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland; the Isle came under the British crown in 1765. 


A natural trait of the tribe and people of Naphtali, the Norseman. Norsemen [the Norse] is the ancient name for the people of Scandinavia, or the Nordic countries. The Vikings were Norse merchants and warriors - and beneath the guise of combat and fury, they were poets. When you sail the northern seas for years upon end, one needs to add a little spice to their life, and this was done through prose and stories.


CELTIC: [LEAH'S SIX SONS - Reuben, Simeon, Judah, Levi, Zebulon, Issachar] Brittany, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, Isle of Man

Reuben & the Fleur de Lis

Reuben's identifying symbol was the Mandrake. Reuben's interest was gathering a plant called mandrakes, of which he would gather for his mother, Leah, who used the mandrakes as a bartering item with her sister, Rachel. 

The French Fleur de Lis symbolically replaces Reuben's mandrakes. France, including the province of Brittany, uses the fleur de lis as a logo. This symbol is a stylized design that resembles either an iris or a lily, and most likely the water lily or lotus, which was a ceremonial item in ancient Egypt. This symbol is commonly used in heraldry in many Israelite nations, but not as predominantly as it is in France. The recent discovery of psychedelic properties in the blue lotus [water lily] was probably known to the Egyptians and explains its role in ceremonial events.

 Unpredictable and diverse is Reuben: 'France is known around the world as a very diverse country, of its people, architecture, and landscapes. About 50% of the French population claim to have a foreign background, which makes France one of the most diverse countries in the world.

The Tribe of Levi Are Scattered in Israel

The tribe of Levi are the priestly tribe of Israel. These were scattered in Israel to teach Israel the laws of God. They also conducted the sacrifices in the Tabernacle and the Temple in Jerusalem. Do the Levites today continue to do the task that Almighty God gave them of being teachers of the Law of God, and to Shepherd over his people Israel?

The Tribe of Levi

The sons of Levi are "Gershon, Kohath, and Merari." (Gen 46:11). The sons of these three sub-tribes are, "The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families...And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years....And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these are the families of Levi according to their generations." (Ex 6:17-19).  Moses was descendant of the Kohathites, "And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years." (v.20). The other sub-tribes of Kohath are, "And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri....And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Zithri....And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar....And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these are the families of the Korhites." (vv.21-24). Moses was a Levite. Levi showed a tremendous Zeal for God, so it is no surprise that God chose out of the Levites, Moses to lead the people out of Bondage and be a judge over them.

Simeon and Levi

Levi along with Simeon seem to have an incredible zeal to settle matters by the sword. In Genesis, we read, "And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males...And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house" (34:25, 30). The characteristic of Zeal to settle with the sword was to be carried on into the "latter days" for both Simeon and Levi. Jacob prophesied, "Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations.

"O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.

"Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel." (Gen 49:5-7). Here Jacob prophesied to scatter these two tribes, because united would bring about incredible cruelty to the world if that were to happen. In the habitations of Levi would be instruments of cruelty. This prophecy is for the latter days. Jacob connects Levi's old ways, and says it will carry on throughout his history, and history reveals this to be true! God chose Levi to perform the sacrifices in the Temple and Tabernacle for the people of Israel. These instruments involved would be all the sacrificial tools necessary to perform such tasks.

Zeal for God, and Ministers

When Moses came down from Mount Sinai and the Israelites were engaged in the worshipping of the golden calf, Moses asked, "Who is on the LORD'S side? let him come unto me" (Ex 32:26). It was Levi that came to him, "And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him." Then Moses assigned them to put to death all those who committed the idolatrous crime in Israel to be executed (vv.27-28). Of course with the history of Levi and his matters to settle this with the sword, it is no wonder that they did it with such zeal. They were also a perfect choice for the task of butchering animals for the sacrifices.

Another episode is the sin of Baal-peor in Numbers 25. Again Israel is sinning in God's sight with the daughters of Moab, and it was a Levite and his zeal for God that stayed the plague, " And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand;

"And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel." (vv.7-8). Again the Levite settling matter by the sword. But he was allowed to do so because only the "Judges" (v.5), who were the government in Israel were allowed to do so, and he was one of those judges. God then blessed Levi because of their zeal and said, "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

"Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.

"Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:

"And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel." (vv.10-13). This covenant is again spoken of by God in Malachi, "And ye shall know that I have sent this commandment unto you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.

"My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared me, and was afraid before my name.

"The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips: he walked with me in peace and equity, and did turn many away from iniquity.

"For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts." (2:4-7). The Levites were God's messengers. Their job was to Teach the Law of God, and turn many to righteousness. The Levites were Israel's ministers, "And Moses said unto Korah, Hear, I pray you, ye sons of Levi: Seemeth it but a small thing unto you, that the God of Israel hath separated you from the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to himself to do the service of the tabernacle of the LORD, and to stand before the congregation to minister unto them?" (Numbers 16:8-9). These were scattered all over Israel to teach and preach the law of God, "Levites that taught all Israel" (2 Chron 35:3). "And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one...They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law:" (Deut 33:8,10). Moses' prophecy has provided us with clues as to where to find Levi today (more below).

No Inheritance in the Land

Jacob prophesied that Levi would be "scattered" in Israel. But, also, God said that they would have no land to inherit as well, "But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance...Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is his inheritance, according as the LORD thy God promised him." (Num 18:23; Deut 10:9). Instead the Levites were to live in cities within the borders of the different tribes of Israel. "for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the children of Israel." (Lev 25:33; Num 35:2).  The Levitical cities are listed in Joshua 19-21 and 1 Chronicles 6.

Musicians, Shepherds, and Temple Guards

Other characteristics of Levi are found in 1 Chronicles 6, 9, and 15. Many of the Levites were singers, and played instruments before the Lord. Others were shepherds over the flocks that were to be sacrificed. Some were warriors that became temple guards as well.

Now, the chief instruments are, "And David spake to the chief of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers with instruments of musick, psalteries and harps and cymbals, sounding, by lifting up the voice with joy...Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps" (I Chronicles 15:16, 28). We know what harps, cornets, trumpets, and cymbals are, but what are Psalteries? Strong's Concordance gives the number 5035 for PSALTERY. The definition is: "nebel; a SKIN BAG for liquids (from collapsing when empty); hence a vase (as similar in shape when full); also a lyre (as having a body of like form): -bottle, pitcher, psaltery, vessel, viol."  Bagpipes are an "airtight reservoir that can hold air and can be used to regulate its flow, enabling the player to maintain continuous sound. The player keeps the bag inflated by blowing air into it through a blowpipe or pumping air into it with a bellows. Materials used for bags vary widely, but the most common are the skins of local animals such as goats, dogs, sheep, and cows." Bagpipes are played mainly in SCOTLAND today. Are the Scots part of the  Levites?

"And David spake to the chief of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers with instruments of music, psalteries and harps and cymbals, sounding, by lifting up the voice with joy...Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps" (I Chronicles 15:16, 28).

The Time of Captivity

Levi was scattered all over Israel, therefore we must conclude that Levi was taken with the House of Israel during the Assyrian invasions as well as the Babylonian invasions that took place over 100 years after, that took the House of Judah away. The Bible records the invasions:

"In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria...And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day...[and] the cities of the Medes " (2Kings 15:29; I Chron 5:26; 2 Kings 17:6; 18:11). In the Parallel account in 1 Chronicles 5:26, the reason why Naphtali was not mentioned, is for the simple reason that the whole chapter was dedicated to the genealogies of Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh, so the writer parenthetically wrote in what happened to those three tribes.

The Assyrian records comply, ": "The land of Bit-Humeria [Israel]...all of its people together with their goods I carried off to Assyria...Pakaha [Pekah], their king they disposed, and I places Ausi as King...and to Assyria I carried them" (Thomas, pp.17-18). As Assyria carried away the tribes of Israel, the Levites in these cities were also there, and were also carried away with them. 2 Kings 17:26-28 reveals a lack of priests in the land of Israel. This clearly shows the Levites were taken into captivity by the Assyrians. Also, in the time of Ezra, when he was looking for Levites (Ezra 8:15) to help build the temple of God in Jerusalem, he sent a letter to "Iddo the chief at the place Casiphia," (Ezra 8:17). This place according to "The most judicious commentators are agreed that by Casiphia, the Caspian mountains, between Media and Hyrcania, are intended; where, probably, the Nethinim were employed in working silver mines: כסף keseph, from which the word comes, signifies silver." (Clarke's Commentary). The same place where the Israelites were taken captive. Then there were the Levites of the Babylonian captivity of Judah as well.

The Tribes that Returned

The Bible records that a minority of Jews came back to the Promised land during the days of Ezra and Nehemiah. These came from the Babylonian captivity. The Bible records that the tribes that came back were from Judah, Benjamin and Levi.

Testimony of Ezra: God "stirred up the spirit" of King Cyrus the Great so he would permit the Jews to "build Him [God] a house at Jerusalem which is in JUDAH" (Ezra 1:1-2). But which tribes of Israel returned at that time to help build the Temple at Jerusalem? "Then the heads of the fathers' houses of JUDAH and BENJAMIN, and the priests and the LEVITES... arose to go up and build the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem" (v. 5).

A careful study of the rest of this book clearly reveals that those Israelites who were mentioned were only from the tribes of JUDAH, BENJAMIN and LEVI. These tribes ARE ISRAELITES, but not all ISRAELITES ARE JEWS. These three tribes make up the southern kingdom of JUDAH!

After Judah went into captivity, a contingent of Levites returned with the Jews to rebuild the Temple and Jerusalem (Ezra 1:5, Nehemiah 11:3-4). Scripture (especially, the books of Ezra and Nehemiah) and the brilliant Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus (c. 37-100 A.D.) tells us that some came back to Jerusalem from captivity, but many stayed back. As noted above Ezra was searching everywhere to find priests to rebuild the Temple of God, and even inquired of those of the Assyrian captivity! This shows that many did not come back!

Testimony of Nehemiah: "So I called a great assembly.... And I said to them [the Jews], 'According to our ability we have redeemed our JEWISH BRETHREN'.... Moreover there were at my table one hundred and fifty JEWS and rulers" (Neh. 5:7-8, 17). He also says, "And I found a register of the genealogy of those who had come up in the first return [from Babylonian captivity], and found written in it: 'These are the people who came back from the captivity, of those who had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away captive [to Babylon--NOT whom Shalmaneser or Sargon had carried to Assyria!], and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah [NOT Samaria and northern Israel], everyone to his own city" (7:5-6). Thus the Bible makes it very plain that those who returned were NOT descendants of the northern Ten Tribes who went into Assyrian captivity in the late 700s B.C. Rather, they were descendants of those Jews taken captive eastward to Babylonia in 586 B.C.

Why, then, does verse 73 say, "So the priests, the Levites... and ALL ISRAEL dwelt in their cities"? Some biblical scholars assume that "all Israel" here refers to all Twelve Tribes. But all of the Jews had not even returned--much less all of the ISRAELITES! So is there a different way to look at this? Yes--EVERY descendant of Israel (Jacob) is an ISRAELITE in the broad sense of the word! The JEWS who returned to the land of JUDAH traced their lineage back to the tribes of JUDAH, BENJAMIN and LEVI; therefore they all would have been "ISRAELITES." Clearly, when Nehemiah spoke of "all Israel," he meant all the descendants of Israel that were there at the time-- living in the land. And which "Israelites" would they have been? Almost exclusively those of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi!

When you read the books of Ezra and Nehemiah many people think that just because the word "Israel" is mentioned more times than the word "Jew," they come to the conclusion that all of Israel including the northern ten tribes returned. Let's test that theory. In Ezra 10:5 Ezra calls "all Israel" to swear an oath. Who is "all Israel" according to Ezra? All of Israel, was the Israel that was THERE AT THAT TIME! In verse 9 you read who gathered together for that oath, "...the men of JUDAH AND BENJAMIN GATHERED AT JERUSALEM..." This is "all Israel," the tribes that were there at that time!

Now these Jews who went back to the promised land were not all of the captivity. A large portion of Jews stayed behind. "Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to go up to build the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem" (Ezra 1:5; Neh 11:3-4). The "chief" or "Rulers" and the priests came back and were allowed to build Jerusalem and the temple. Notice what Josephus says, "The entire body of the people [the Ten Tribes] of ISRAEL remained in that country, wherefore there are but Two Tribes [Judah and Benjamin] in Asia and Europe subject to the Romans, while the TEN TRIBES are beyond Euphrates till now [c. 100 A.D.], and are an immense multitude, and not to be estimated by numbers" (Antiquities of the Jews, bk. 11, chap. 5, sec. 2, emphasis added). Josephus knew that the ten tribes never returned, and that even Judah, Benjamin and Levi, not all of them even returned to Palestine, but a small minority did, the rest were in Europe and Asia, meaning Asia Minor, including Babylon, Mesopotamia, central Turkey, etc...

Levi among Israel

During the time of Christ the Levites were among the Jews, part of the House or Kingdom of Judah, now called Judea. These priests were servicing in the Temple of God. John the Baptist father was among those who service in the Temple of God, "There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth...And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest's office before God in the order of his course...According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. " (Luke 1:5, 8-9). The "course of Abijah" was continued on, this was established by David in the service of the Temple that was to be built by Solomon (1 Chronicles 24).

During that time, among the Israelites, that Josephus said dwelt "beyond the Euphrates" which was just an expression during his day that meant "Parthia. Have you ever wondered why God sent "Magi" to see and give gifts to Christ? Who were these Magi?

During the time of Christ, the Parthian Empire had a royal blood line (The Arsacids), and a priesthood called (Magi). These were influential Parthians known as "Megistanes." At that time, "At the beginning of the first century A.D., the Parthians forced their king from his throne. In their search for a different kind of king, the Megistanes and their thousand-man mounted cavalry galloped into Jerusalem. When Herod learned that the Megistanes had arrived, he was 'disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him' (Matthew 2:3). The Greek word translated 'disturbed' is etarachtha and means 'to shake violently.' The kingmakers were on his doorstep and they were not looking for him.". Rome and Parthia at that time were at peace, previously however, they were at war, and this shaky peace between the two rivals could of cause another war to break out, this is why Jerusalem was troubled.

"Rome and Parthia at that time were at peace, previously however, they were at war, and this shaky peace between the two rivals could of cause another war to break out, this is why Jerusalem was troubled. Most Christmas scenes show 3 wise men at a manger, but the reality is, nowhere in the Bible does it say there were 3. History shows, "...Parthian history is clear that whenever the Megistanes made a journey, they were accompanied by 1,000 mounted cavalry. These Megistanes galloped thunderously into Jerusalem, and the entire city, along with their king, quaked in fear."

Why did these Magi come to search for Christ, the son of David? It is well known that the Arsacids were descendants of the last king of Judah, Jehoiachin. In Babylon, "And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison; And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon; " (2 Kings 25:27-28). Babylon would most likely have set his throne over the Lost tribes of Israel, seeing that were related, and so why not set one who is a kindred of those tribes whom Babylon inherited from Assyria. These became the Parthians. The rulers of Parthia were of the family of David. They were searching for one who would rule of the family of David, in Parthia, they knew of Christ. How? Many were converts to the Jewish religion and came to Jerusalem for the feast (Acts 2:9). They knew the Old Testament prophecies concerning the coming of the Messiah son of David.

Now during this episode with Christ, Collins notes, "...that God was working more closely with members of the Parthian ruling class than he was with the Jewish priests! This makes no biblical sense unless (A) that Parthians were descended from the exiles tribes of the House of Israel and (B) the Magi (Parthian Priests) were Levites" (LTTF, p.273). Fulfilling the prophecy, "David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;

"Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually.

"If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;

"Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.

"As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me." (Jer 33 vv.17-18, 20-22). But what happened to the Levitical Priesthood? Does the throne of David, which exists today, and the Levitical Priesthood practicing sacrifices which were to cease (Daniel 9:27), are they to exist side by side? Many believe these two have to exist side by side, therefore the throne of David does not exist, since the Levitical Priesthood does not exist. So the throne of David is not in England. Is that True?.

So where did the Levites end up?

In 70 A.D. when the Temple was destroyed, the Levitical Priesthood became moot. The Sacrifices cease, and the New Testament as well as the old said that the sacrificial Law was to continue in the Sacrifice of Christ, therefore no need to sacrifice lambs and bullocks anymore. These Priests among the House of Judah, the Jews, were called Kohen (or Kohain; Hebrew: כֹּהֵן, "priest", pl. כֹּהֲנִים Kohanim) is the Hebrew word for priest. Jewish Kohanim are traditionally believed and halachically required to be of direct patrilineal descent from the Biblical Aaron. After the destruction of the Second Temple and the suspension of sacrificial offerings, the formal role of priests in sacrificial services came to an end, whether temporary or permanent. However, Kohanim retain a formal and public ceremonial role in synagogue prayer services, which were established as a substitute for or reminder of the sacrifices themselves. In Judaism today, " It is the Kohen's privilege to be the first of the persons called to the reading of the Torah. Where a Kohen is present at the table he has the right to recite the grace after Meals, though he can waive this right if he chooses. Kohanim also recite the priestly blessing in the synagogue." (Rabbi Dr. Louis Jacobs article "Kohanim--Jewish 'Priests' Descendents of Aaron the priest enjoy special privileges). The bulk of the Levites today, "...[are] to be found amongst the Jewish People" (The Tribes, p.226, Davidy). But what about the House of Israel? Are there Levites among them today? The House of Israel we know are the British Commonwealth, the USA, and the peoples of Northwestern Europe. Jacob said he would scatter them in Israel?

Moses' Prophecy

Let's examine the prophecy of Moses concerning Levi.  "And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah;

"Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.

"They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar.

"Bless, LORD, his substance, and accept the work of his hands: smite through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise not again." (Deut 33:8-11).

Moses says, "Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one," The Holy One is Aaron, and his Priesthood. The  "Thummim and thy Urim" means "Lights" and "Perfections." These were two stones that the high Priest carried with him in his Breastplate (Ex 28:29-30). This was "that pledge, which the high priest wore upon his breast-plate, that the Lord would always give His people light to preserve His endangered right" (K&D Commentary). God's light, his word revealed to Israel through the Priesthood. So this was the blessing of the Priesthood that Levi would have. They proved themselves worthy for this task as Priests because of the sins of Israel, Levi stayed loyal to God.

Verse 9 refers to the time when Moses delayed coming down from the Mountain, and then when Israel sinned with the golden calf, the Levites slay their own brethren, the Israelites, without being a respecter of persons, but loved righteousness, and kept the covenant of God.

Verse 10 clearly shows that Levi will be teachers of the law of God in Israel. Pastors, teachers and preachers of the Bible.

Verse 11 means, "Which lay in tithes, firstfruits, &c. for the priests and Levites had no share in the division of the land; unless this can be understood of the cities and suburbs which were given them, or of houses and fields devoted, which fell unto them, or rather of their cattle, for the use of which they had suburbs appointed them; for otherwise in husbandry and merchandise they were not employed" The substance that Levi produces will be blessed, farmland, businesses which they produce will be a blessing.  "His strength was to be blessed by God's favouring the work of his hands," (Thomas Coke, A Commentary on the Holy Bible).  Also, the latter half of that scripture reveals, "wounding the loins of his enemies; those same enemies, of whom it is said, Psa_110:5. The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath." (ibid).  "destroying them with an utter destruction, so that they are not able to make any other efforts upon them" (Gill's Commentary). Striking the "loins" means the "the seat of their strength." (Barnes).

Levi's Migrations

Among the House of Israel as the migrated up through Europe from Asia, known as the Cimmerians, Celts, Galatians, Gauls, Galli, Goths, Parthians, Sacae or Scythians, in the area of "Lombardy" in ancient times it had been known as "Gallia Transpadana" and its one-time inhabitants according to Pliny (N.H. 3; 17) had been called "Laevi" or "Levi" (sic.). Ptolemy reported a people named "Levonii" in Scandinavia. These were "closely associated with the Angles who later conquered England" (Davidy, the Tribes). The Declaration of Arbroath 1320, reveals the migrations of the Scots. The Scots themselves say that "They journeyed from Greater Scythia."

These were described as "early allies in assaults against the Roman empire in Britain. From the mid 4th century Britain was being 'harassed in a never ending series of disasters' by the Picts, Scoti, Saxons...that culminated, in some areas, in new settlements, such as the Anglo Saxon take over of southern and eastern Britain" (Sally M. Foster, Picts, Gaels and Scots, p.10). With the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms, these were driven into the wilderness, they found refuge in the Highlands of Scotland.

The Companion to British History by Charles Arnold-Baker, among the Scot Highlanders is the name on p.316 under "D" "(Dunlevi)." "The Celtic Scots (Highlanders) were a fierce and noble nation, and not easily conquered. Even in the 20th century wars, the Highlanders excelled others for bravery. If you want the bravest and noblest of men to protect a palace, get the Highlanders to do it. Just ask the Queen." (Who are the Levites? By Neville V. Stevens, p.20). Is it any wonder that the Levites made great temple guards in Jerusalem?

O.T.Food Laws-There is great similarity among the Scots and the Jews as well. The Food taboos of the Scots are very similar to the Mosaic food laws that the Israelites, especially for the Levites since it was their inheritance, and so it was kept vigorously. Donald A. Mackenzie, in "Scottish Folk Lore and Folk Life. Studies in Race, Culture, and Tradition", U.K., 1935, ch.1 shows many of the food laws among the Scots, and the Scots themselves claim to be like the Jews, even though had never been under the influence of the Jews. They just claim to be "like" the Jews or to contain Jewish elements (Procopious Vandals Gothis Wars 1:3).

John Toland (1714): "You know how considerable a part of the British inhabitants are the undoubted offspring of the Jews and how many worthy prelates of this same stock, not to speak of Lords and commoners, may at this time make an illustrious figure among us....A great number of 'em fled to Scotland which is the reason so many in that part of the Island have a remarkable aversion to pork and black puddings to this day, not to insist on some other resemblances easily observable.." ( Leon Poliakov ("The Aryan Myth", 1974 ch.3 p.44 ) quotes from John Toland, 1714, "Reasons for Naturalising the Jews in Great Britain and Ireland". John Toland also translated Josephus into English).

Levite Red Heads

A Midrash says that albino blond and red-haired types ("Bohakanim") were common amongst the Tribes of Simeon and Levi. One relatively recent and somewhat obscure commentator (Etz Yoseph, ca. 1845, on Midrash Tanchuma) opines that most of the high Priests had red or golden hair. At all events red-hair is fairly common amongst Jews. It could be that those who are Levites may have a slightly higher percentage of red-heads amongst them.

Scotland has the highest proportion of redheads; 13% of the population has red hair and approximately 40% carries the recessive redhead gene. ("Scots ginger 'nuts' appeal". News: Scotland (BBC). Red hair is also fairly common amongst the Ashkenazi Jewish populations. According to an 11th century Arab chronicler Ibn-al-Balkhi, the Khazars who the Ashkenazi Jews descend from are: ". . . to the north of the inhabited earth towards the 7th clime, having over their heads the constellation of the Plough.  Their land is cold and wet.  Accordingly their complexions are white, their eyes blue, their hair flowing and predominately reddish, their bodies large and their natures cold.  Their general aspect is wild” (Koestler 1976, p. 19).  An Armenian writer described them as having “insolent, broad, lashless faces and long falling hair, like women.

In European culture, prior to the 20th century, red hair was often seen as a stereotypically Jewish trait: during the Spanish Inquisition, all those with red hair were identified as Jewish.  In Italy, red hair was associated with Italian Jews, and Judas was traditionally depicted as red-haired in Italian and Spanish art. Writers from Shakespeare to Dickens would identify Jewish characters by giving them red hair. The stereotype that red hair is Jewish remains in parts of Eastern Europe and Russia. (see Abel, Ernest L. (2001). Jewish genetic disorders: a layman's guide. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland. p. 229; The Jewish Persona in the European Imagination: A Case of Russian Literature, By Leonid Livak, (Stanford University Press 2010); Judas's Red Hair and The Jews, Journal of Jewish Art (9), 31–46, 1982, Melinnkoff R.M; Shakespeare and the Mediterranean: the selected proceedings of the International Shakespeare Association World Congress, Valencia, 2001, Theatres and Performances, (University of Delaware Press, 2004), page 40; Jewish hearts: a study of dynamic ethnicity in the United States and the Soviet Union, SUNY Press, 2001, Betty N. Hoffman, page 106). The Jews and Scots have many common traits. That is due to the fact that Levi kept the ministry of the Temple. It was their occupation. When the Jews came back to the promised land, they retained that knowledge, and carried it on. So when you compare the two together, and see the similarities, it is quite astonishing to see, when the Scots were without that knowledge, but retained it by it being passed on, generation to generation, while the Jews did it by the knowledge of the Bible.

Only the Scottish Tartans are meant as a national significance. It is universally associated with Scotland. People in Ulster, Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and elsewhere dress in tartan on ceremonial occasions in order to demonstrate an ancestral association with Scotland and the Scottish. "But only in Scotland has tartan been taken to such a high art form and imbued with cultural significance.

Nachmanides associates the "Cotonet Pasim" of Joseph with the "Cotonet Tashbets" [Tashbets meaning of interlocking squares, i.e. a garment with a tartan-type design] of the High Priest in the Temple Service (Exodus 28:4). "And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, [Hebrew: "cotonet tashbets"] a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office."

Now that we have identified the Scots as Levites. Have they fulfilled these prophecies?

The Scots are "scattered in Israel." There are Scottish people all over the Commonwealth of England. In Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa.

Many of the Scots are teachers, preachers, and pastors, and are biblical scholars and professors. "The Scots were once noted for theological hairsplitting and philosophizing-like many Talmudically trained Jews" (The Tribes, Davidy, p.294). Scotland is known for its ministers. The July, 1989 issue of “Israel My Glory,” a Jewish focused publication, had this to say about the Scots. “The tiny nation of Scotland has given the world many things...Unfortunately one of Scotland's greatest contributions is often overlooked. Scotland has probably produced more missionaries in proportion to her population than any other nation on earth..."(Robert A. Peterson, emphasis added). So the Scots have the gift of the ministry.

"Bless, LORD, his substance, and accept the work of his hands: smite through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise not again." Did God "bless" Scotland's substance?

The Scots are the most inventive people on earth! Books such as

God’s Frontiersmen. The Scots-Irish Epic;

The Scottish Empire;

When Scotland Ruled the World. The Story of the Golden Age of Genius, Creativity and Exploration;

 How the Scots Invented the Modern World: the True Story of How Western Europe’s

Poorest Nation Created our World and Everything in it-are eye-popping revelations as to the incredible capacity of these people.

“Some citadels of global capitalism – Montreal, Hong Kong, Calcutta, Singapore – owe their existence largely to Scots, who have seldom been absent from any of the others either ... Some diaspora belongs to the history of a people who have always been inventive, energetic, adaptable and mobile”. (The Scottish Empire, Michael Fry 2001: 390)

In both Australia and New Zealand educated Ulster Scots were providing a remarkable proportion of the professional people – doctors, lawyers, engineers – on which the new colonial societies were built … [they were] a distinct racial group … A people who in many ways were the epitome of mobility and change” (God’s Frontiersmen. The Scots-Irish Epic, Fitzpatrick, p.3). Once Union with England occurred, they had an outlet for these immense pent-up energies. Now they had access to the Empire’s vast marketplace. Out of all proportion to their numbers, they supplied large numbers of sailors, soldiers, colonists, administrators and engineers for the Empire.

A recent book on the subject of Scottish genius and creativity, is Stewart Lamont’s When Scotland Ruled the World – a celebration of Scotland’s overwhelmingly dominant capacity for inventiveness and administration. Lamont argues that while the Scots are few in number, their influence has been absolutely massive on the world stage.

The book is arranged into chapters on men of science, their influence in North America, writers, pioneers, medicine, prime ministers and such like. Within each chapter he presents a biography of the major Scottish contributors to world civilization. In the final chapter The Scots Psyche, he makes some very interesting observations and I list some below:

“Scots are fighters. Their belligerence may of may not take a violent or military form. It might simply be the wish to fight for rights or a principle”

“Scots are proud of being fighters, but they are also sentimental”

Scots have “a reputation for being quarrelsome over religion”

Their motto ‘Who dares meddle with me?’ “is more than an echo … in the motto ‘Who Dares, Wins’ adopted by the crack troops of the Special Air Service (SAS), founded by a Scot, David Stirling”

Their “fighting instincts are defensive rather than provocative, and he is at his best when fighting to defend a principle than to enlarge his power or dominion"

“We do not like money to be wasted, nor do we admire those who have it in abundance” -all of these traits can be attributed to Levi.

What about "smit[ing] through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise not again"?

In 1609 many Scots returned to northern Ireland and the southern Irish were replaced in the Great Plantation as it became known. These became known as the Ulster Scots. These emigrated in significant numbers to the United States. Scotch-Irish is a traditional term for Ulster Scots who later emigrated to what is now the United States; "Scots-Irish" is a more recent form of the American term, and is not to be confused with Irish-Scots, i.e., recent Irish immigrants to Scotland. (Merriam-Webster dictionaries). This distinction must be made clear that these Ulster Scots were all Scots/Levi because it is these Scotch-Irish in the USA that contribute to the American Revolution and the fulfillment of the above prophecy of Moses.

"...the American War of Independence … One contemporary summed up the whole revolution as ‘an Irish-Scotch Presbyterian Rebellion...‘Call it not an American Rebellion, it is nothing more nor less than an Irish-Scots Presbyterian Rebellion’– Captain Johann Heinricks, German mercenary serving with the British c.1780 ’'' (God’s Frontiersmen. The Scots-Irish Epic by Rory Fitzpatrick, p.2).

The American Founding Fathers have a lot to be grateful to the Scots. In America's Founding Secret. What the Scottish Enlightenment Taught Our Founding Fathers, Robert W. Galvin argues that the contributions of Scottish migrants to America have been neglected. Their influence on America’s political culture is now, at last, being acknowledged.

He tracks their influence back to the Scottish Enlightenment which was based around the Glasgow and Edinburgh Universities. Galvin shows that both the people and works that came out of that Enlightenment found their way into American colonies which influenced greatly those that founded the new Republic. Indeed, many of their actual philosophies and words may be found in the constitutions of the United States and many of the State governments as well as in the Declaration of Independence.

George Washington himself said of those troops of his which were of Ulster origin: “If defeated everywhere else, I will make my last stand amongst the Scots- Irish of the native Virginia.” The American rebellion against the British, the Scot-Irish "smote" the British (them that hate him), and the British did not rise "again" but America became its own country.

Robert the Bruce is another episode in history, where the English "rise against him."  Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, eventually leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent nation, and is today remembered in Scotland as a national hero. Peace was finally concluded between Scotland and England with the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, by which Edward III renounced all claims to superiority over Scotland. England did not "rise" again against him, and Scotland became independent.

Future of Levi

The Tribe of Levi will repent and mourn when Christ returns. (Zech 12:12). The Sons of Levi are the first tribe that Jesus will purify, "But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' sope:

"And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness." (Mal 3:2-23). As Zacharias prophesied, that the sons of Levi "might serve Him in holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life.” The Cohens who do not believe, those Scots that fell away from the Faith, they will mourn, and repent, and Jesus will wash away their sins and be purified, so they can serve the Lord in his Kingdom. "But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions....And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame...And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S." (Obadiah 1:17, 18, 21).

12,000 Levites of the 144,000 that will be on Mt Zion with Christ (Rev 7; 14:1). These will rule with Christ in the Kingdom. 12,000 of the Scots and Cohens will be part of the great Exodus to bring the rest of the Israelites back to Palestine (Isaiah 11). As Psalmist said, "Bless the LORD, O house of Levi: ye that fear the LORD, bless the LORD. " (Psalms  135:20)


(The Fulfilment Of Bible Prophecy In Ancient Israel's European Colonies)

MODERN science and archaeology in recent years have made tremendous progress in uncovering facts about our forgotten past. Not only has much of the Sacred Story been confirmed as fact but many misconceptions about it have been proven untrue. A common misconception of yesteryear was the idea that although the Phoenicians traded and established colonies throughout the Mediterranean area, their Israelite neighbours never set foot on a boat or visited distant lands in ancient times. This idea persisted in spite of the fact that the word, 'Hebrew' itself is known to have signified 'a colonist'. 

Modern research has in fact now documented that ancient Semitic colonization in Europe, including Hebrew, was 'enduring and significant,' according to Dr Cyrus H. Gordon, whose extensive research was highlighted throughout an entire issue of the (March, 1996) BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGIST magazine. Having written over 20 books and learned over a dozen languages, Dr Gordon is widely considered the leading Arnerican archaeologist and antiquarian of the twentieth century. His research has established that 'no longer can we we ... consider Israel the vacuum-packed miracle from Sinai. Rather must we view Greek and Hebrew civilizations as parallel structures built upon the same East Mediterranean foundations.' (Homer & Bible, page 72)


Scholars have written for centuries about an ancient sea-faring people known to modem history books as the Tuatha de Danan who founded civilizations in Greece, Spain, Britain, and Ireland. Scholars now know that the word, Tuarth, means 'tribe'. Dr Gordon has also established that the suffix, 'AN' was added to proper names in early times to signify a people or community. Thus, the name of these important early European colonists should be translated, the 'tribe of Dan.' Was this the Biblical people, one of the twelve tribes of Israel? Indeed it was, according to Dr Gordon, who relates, 'A group of Sea People, bore the name of "Dan." The Bible tells how a segment of the seafaring (Judg. 5:17) Danites [were part of ] the tribal system of ancient Israel ... The Danites were widespread. 

Cyprus was called Iadnan "Ihe Island of Dan (an)." The same people were called Danuna, and under this name they appear as rulers of the Plain of Adana in Cilicia. Greek tradition has their eponymous ancestor, Danaos (Dun), migrating from the Nile delta to Greece... [Note that the Israelites did in fact emigrate from Egypt.] So important was this movement that the Greeks afterward called themselves Danaoi for centuries. Virgil also designated the Greeks as "Danoi" Bold scholars see the influence of the Danites in Irish folk lore ... and in the name of Danmark (Denmark): the land of Dan ... It is a mistake to accept the consensus and to imagine that Sea People with enough striking power ... to change the course of history were unenterprising to the point of never sailing west of Gibraltar.' (p. 108, 111, BEFORE COLUMBUS)

Dr Gordon also points out Biblical evidence that 'three of the [Israel] tribes are described as navigational.. Zebulon, Dan and Asher (Gen. 49:13; Judg. 5: 17)', ibid., page 112. Based on the eminent Dr Gordon's research, we see that the ancient Hebrews not only sailed throughout the Mediterranean and Atlantic European coasts, but settled there and founded European civilization. Similarly, in the appendix to noted antiquarian G. Robert Gair's GEOGRAPHICAL ENVIRONMENT AND RACE MOVEMENTS, (1932) is the statement, 'Migration ... was responsible for the emigration of a great mass of Dan, Asher, Zebulon and Naphthali, who thus evaded the captivity under Assyria [762-676 B.C.] and turned nomad.' Logically, Israelites evaded the Assyrian power to the east, by migrating westward. How do we verify where these Israel tribes went in ancient times? One way is by language study.

Early antiquarian scholar, Aylett Sammes, published his extensive research in 1676 in a work entitled, THE ANTIQUITIES OF ANCIENT BRITAIN DERIVED FROM THE PHOENICIANS. He pointed out (p. 58) that the Danites were also known in British history as 'Damnonii,'but that 'the transposition is very easy and usual, and hides not at all the original, Dan.'The Danites settled especially in southwestern Britain's 'Phoenician' tin districts, he says, adding that in this area many rivers, cities, and hills have names compounded with the tribal name, 'Dan.'


Many words and customs in early Britain show their Hebrew-Phoenician origin. Aylett Sammes gives (p. 64), for instance, the Phoenician word, Rheda, meaning a chariot, as the source of the Celtic words, Rhediad, a course, Rheder, to run, and Redeesa, a race. Essedum was a Gaulish and British word for a wagon, and corresponded with the Semitic Dassedan,signifying the same thing. Pen was the Celtic word for a high and steep hill, which came from the Phoenician, Pinna. The Celtic, Bro, or Boro, meaning a region or country, corresponded with the Phoenician Baro. Numerous other examples are given by Sammes to show that the Phoenician influence in the settlement of Europe was very significant. Modern scholar Cyrus Cordon further relates that historians often use the word, Phoenician, in its 'wider sense' of Semitic peoples in general, including the Hebrews. The wide extent of their influence is shown on the map we've reproduced from a standard history textbook. Although labelled 'Phoenician' or 'Syrian,' we believe the evidence indicates that ancient Israel deserves credit for much of that which has been attributed to her neighbours. A more complete discussion of the Celtic link with Israel is included in our forthcoming tract, THE HEBREW-CELTIC CONNECTION.

European Landmarks Show Semitic Colonization
Chapter three of Aylett Sammes' study provides evidence that much of the coastland of Europe and the Mediterranean was settled by Hebrew-Phoenician speaking people. Here are a few of the place-names given by Sammes with their Hebrew-Phoenician root meanings:

EUROPE: Greek Europa, received its name from the Phoenician, Urappa, signifying 'a country of white complexions.'

ASIA: or 'Asi' in the Phoenician language signifieth the country between or in the middle.' Evidently, Asia Minor (modern Turkey) was considered the land between Europe and the Mid-East.

AFRICA:'signifies a land of corn or ears in the Phoenician dialect.'
SPAIN: or Spania, from 'Spania, country of rabbits.'

ITALY: or Italia, was called by the Phoenicians, 'Itaria, from the exceeding quantities of pitch it yielded. The letters R and L being easily convertible in the Eastern tongue.'
LUSITANIA: a region bordering the Atlantic; modern Portugal. 'Luz in the Phoenician tongue, signifies an almond; tania isa Greek addition.'

BRITAIN: or Britannia, from the Phoenician,'Baratanac, a country of tin. Metals such as tin and lead were mined and exported from the west coasts of Cornwall and the Scilly islands.'

ALBION: from 'Alpin, in the Phoenician tongue, a high mountain, from the high rocks on the western coasts where the Phoenicians first landed.'

CALEDONIA: ancient name of Scotland, named for 'its rocky and mountainous nature,' from 'Galedtun in the Phoenician tongue ... a hard, (rocky) hill.'

BALEARES: two islands in the Mediterranean on the coast of Spain, from 'Bal jaro, a master at slinging in the Phoenician. These islands were ever famous, as is notoriously known, for excellent slingers, upon which account they had their name from the Phoenicians.'

CORSICA: a Mediterranean island, received its name from the Phoenicians from its woodiness. 'Corsis signifies a woody place.'

SARDINIA: a Mediterranean island 'received its name from the resemblance it had to the foot of a man. Sarad and Sarda, in the Phoenician tongue, signifies the footstep of a man.'

MALTA: anciently known as 'Melita, in the Phoenician tongue, signifies a Place of Refuge, or Sanctuary,' because it was 'lying exactly in the middle between Tyre and the Straits [of Spain], whither the Phoenicians trafficked'

RHODES: (Greek, Rhodus), an island in the Mediterranean, 'took its name from the multitude of serpents it produced, upon which very account it was called Ophiusa, by the Greeks, or, an island of Serpents. Rod, in the Phoenician tongue, is a serpent.'

CYPRUS: anciently (hard 'C') Cerastis, 'So called from the many promontories, as Stephanus witnesseth. Keren, in the Phoenician, is a horn, or Promontory.'

SICILY: (Italian Sicilia) 'had its name from the abundance and excellency of its grapes, from which it supplied Africa in former times, as witnesseth Diodorus . .. Segulaia is a country of Grapes in the Phoenician tongue.'

SYRACUSE: the metropolis of Sicily, 'It is agreed, took its name from a stinking and unwholesome marsh upon which it stood, called Syraco [which], in the Phoenician tongue signifies an Evil Savor.'

AETNA: 'a burning mountain in Sicily, without question took its name from the continual fire and smoke, which in all ages, and to this day breaketh from it. Attuna, in the Phoenician tongue, signifies a furnace or chimney. Aeluna signifies a smoky fog, in the same dialect.'

TANGIER: formerly Tingis, 'was a great Mart of the Phoenicians, who had a colony in it, according to Pompus Mela. Tigger, a mart, from Tagger, to trade, in the Phoenician, and Taggar, a trader.'

Although Professor Sammes gave these and many other examples of European place names indicating a Phoenician origin, it is important to note that the Hebrews and Phoenicians spoke the same language, with only minor differences. The Phoenicians, in fact, were Semitic distant relatives of the Hebrews, tracing their origin back to ancient Chaldea, the home of the patriarch Abraham. Nevertheless, we have good reason for suspecting that much of the so-called 'Phoenician' trade and colonization was in reality Israelite.

Early 19th century noted antiquarian scholar, Sir William Betham, studied the Celtic origins of Europe, and his studies of early Italy were published in a two volume work, ETRURIA CELTICA. Sir William reproduced ancient coins from the kingdom of Utruria, in Italy, known as the Etruscan civilization. Interestingly, several of the Utrurian coins discovered were minted in honor of their deity, which was none other than Yahweh, God of the Hebrews! We have reproduced examples of these coins from the book, and Betham comments as follows:

A human head in profile, proceeding from a shell, under it, the word, HAT, in the later Etruscan character ... The word [also] appears written TAH ... it is written both from right to left, and vice versa. The word, TA in the Celtic, is the auxiliary verb AM, IS, also EXISTENCE, BEING, i.e. the self-existent being, God. O'Reilly RENDERS IT JEHOVAH [OR YAHWEH] ... I find in the MS. Dictionary of the late William Haliday, and that of James MacGauran, the same meaning is given.' (vol. 2, page 135) Sir William continues, 'No. 2 is a human foot, cut off at the ankle, under it the word TAH, emblematic of the subjection of all things to the Supreme being.'(ibid., vol. 2, pages 135-136)

'The word ... TAH, which appears on some of the Etruscan coins ... is the first person present of the auxiliary verb TA, 'I AM.' lt is remarkable that this name God gave to himself from the burning bush, I AM THAT I AM; and again -'Thus shall thou say unto the children of Israel I AM has sent me unto you.'-'This is my name forever.' (Ex. 3:14-15) (ibid., vol. 2, page 33)

Therefore, as Sir William points out, these coins represent worship of Yahweh, the Biblical 'I AM', the God of Israel; as such, the early colonists who founded the Etruscan civilization in Italy could only have been Israelites! These were not Phoenicians, the worshippers of 'Baal'. Note particularly the virtual identity of the ancient Hebrew, British Celtic, and early Etruscan worship of the True God. It is no accident that the Celtic 'TA', Etruscan 'TAH', and the similar Hebrew, 'YAH', all have identical meanings: the 'Self-Existent', or 'Ever-Living', and the 'I AM', showing their obvious connection. Our study, THE OLD TESTAMENT ROOTS OF EARLY EUROPEAN MYTHOLOGY, shows the arnazing similarity of their religious beliefs and customs.

Much evidence exists of ancient Israel in Europe. Our tract, ANCIENT ISRAEL IN SPAIN AND BRITAIN, presents information about Hebrew colonization of Spain in the time of Solornon, whose 'ships of Tarshish'(or Tartessus, another ancient name for Spain) are mentioned in the Bible. These traditions must have been strong, for the UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA (vol. 1, p. 316) informs us, 'John Sadler, a student of Oriental Literature, published in 1649 his RIGHTS OF THE KINGDOM, in which he endeavoured to show ... that the English are the descendants of Israelites. He explained the name "Britain" as being derived from the Phoenician BERAT ANAC ... He was evidently influenced by the tradition that in the time of Solomon, PHOENICIAN TRADERS, ACCOMPANIED BY HEBREWS, reached as far as England and bartered their wares for the tin obtained from the mines of Cornwall. England was therefore known to the Israelites and they may have sought a refuge there after the fall of their kingdom [by the Assyrians 762-676 B.C.]' Were a significant number of these early European colonists Hebrews? In ancient times, Israel was a nation several times larger and more populous than Phoenicia, as can be easily seen on Bible maps. It would seem obvious that the few small Phoenician city-states could never by themselves have settled all of the coastlands of Europe.

Here are a few key promises of Scripture which were given by God to Israel, not to the Phoenicians. Whose descendants fulfilled them?

Israel was to become 'a multitude of nations,' Genesis 48:19; 'a company of nations,' Genesis 35:11 Where are these nations today, comprised of Israel's descendants, as foreordained in the unconditional Abrahamic covenant?

Israel was to move to a new home-land outside of Palestine. This prophecy, given in about 1042 B.C., states, 'Moreover,I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime.' (II Sam. 7: 10)

History and Scripture clearly indicate a migration of Israelites north and west from Palestine. Isaiah 11:14 declares, 'they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west...'

Israel was warned to flee the Mesopotamian power, Babylon, an obvious hint that many of them moved in the opposite direction - toward Europe! (Zech. 2:6-7)

Israel was to become a tremendous number of descendants,'as the sand on the sea shore.'(Gen. 32:12; Jer. 33:22; Hos. 1:10), and 'as the stars of heaven for multitude,'(Gen. 26:4., Ex. 32:13). Later Scripture affirms that was indeed taking place: 'God hath enlarged you as the sand on the sea shore ...' (Deut. 1:10) The Bible indicates a population of six million Israelites in ancient times before the Assyrian captivity. (See tract, THE REAL DIASPORA) The House of Israel disappeared from Palestine as 'lost tribes' and populated much of early Europe.

Europe was left virtually empty in ancient times, prepared for the great number of Israelites to be sent there in God's Providence.

'When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance; when He separated the Sons of Adam, He set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel.'(Deut. 32:8)

Israel was to expand in the seas: 'Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known.'(Psa. 77:19) 'I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.' (Psa. 89:25) 'Ask of me, and I will give thee of the heathen for thy inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.' (Psa. 2:8) 'We shall have dominion from sea to sea ...'(Psa.72:8) In light of the previous history given, how wonderfully have these promises of sea migration and colonization been fulfilled!

Israel had already settled colonies in the isles of the west when Jeremiah wrote this in circa 600 B.C.: 'Hear the word of the Lord, 0 ye nations and declare it in the ISLES afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him and keep him, as a shepherd does his flock.'(Jer. 31:10) True to prophecy, Israel was gathered to the great shepherd, Jesus Christ, through faith, and the Israel nations became known as Christendom, or 'Christ's Kingdom on earth'.

'Sing ... His praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the ISLES and the inhabitants thereof ' (Isa. 42:10)

And they do!

Finding a New Home for the Lost Tribes of Israel

They were carried to Halah, to Habor – which is Cabul – to Gozan and to the Chersonesus – which is the Crimea.”

Scythian Israelite hordes got into Europe moved south below the Carpathian Mountains along the Danube River westward through Hungary and Austria into the southern regions of France and Germany.  They became known as the “Celts” but to the Romans as “Gauls”.

The Kingdom of Essex (East Saxons) was formed in 530 CE. Then the Angles, as the Engels of the Tribe of Ephraim, landing in 527 CE following the Saxons, with the arrival of King Ida in 547 CE with forty ships on the southern border of Scotland. Then he founded the Kingdom of Bernicia that later became the Kingdom of Northumbria.

By the end of the 6th century, seven kingdoms, a “Heptarchy” ruled with chieftain allies in the English kingdoms of Kent, Susex (South Saxons), Wessex (West Saxons), Northumbria (North Saxons), Mercia, East Anglia (East Angles) and Essex (East Saxons).  These tribes now unified under the Heptarchy later brought all of these kingdoms under the one unified ruler; King Egbert of England.

The Anglo-Saxons had finally found their homeland. The prophets of old had foretold about Ephraim (Engel sons of Isaac) and the destiny of his descendants when the Patriarch Jacob blessed the grandsons by his favorite son, Joseph, the Viser of Pharaonic Egypt.  In a private ceremony only with the three of them, Joseph had put his two sons standing in front of their grandfather Jacob; Manasseh to Jacob’s right side and hand, and Ephraim, to Jacob’s left side and hand.  

Let my name (Israel) be named upon them (Ephraim and Manesseh) and the name of my fathers Abraham (Ibrahim where the Hebrews were known as the Ibri, Ibiru, or Apiru) and Isaac (Yiṣḥāq whose descendant sons of Isaac were known as the Esaki, Isaki, Sacae, Sachi, Saki, or Sakka).”

Genesis 48:19 – “And his father [Jacob (Israel) the Patriarch) refused and said, ‘I know, my son, I know. He (Manasseh as the United States) also shall become a people, and he also shall be great, but truly his younger brother (Ephraim as the British Empire) shall be greater that he (Manasseh as the United States), and his (Ephraim as the British Empire) descendants shall become a multitude of nations.”

The era of Queen Victoria was known as the “Golden Victorian Era”.  It was a renaissance of industrial, political and military rule that extended its rule over countries on every continent of the globe. As a constitutional monarchy, she held few political powers but her influence symbolically was enormous. The British Empire was unquestionably the most influential power in the entire world.

“Those who came over were of the three most powerful nations of Germany – Saxons, Angles, and Jutes.  From the Jutes are descended the people of Kent and the Isle of Wight, and also those in the province of the West Saxons who are to this day called Jutes, seated opposite to the Isle of Wight.
From the Saxons, that is the country which is now called Old Saxony, (modern Northern Germany and Holland) came the East Saxons, the South Saxons, is called Angeln, and which is said from that time to remain a desert to this day, between the province of the Jutes and the Saxons, are descended the East Angles, the Midland Angles, Mercians all the race of the Northumbrians, that is of those nations that swell forth of the River Humber, and the other nations of the English.”

Little did the Ephraimite British understand in 1917, that their altruistic gesture by Prime Minister Arthur James Balfour with the Balfour Declaration given in letter to Lord Lionel Walter Rothschild, would eventually gain international acclimation for the establishment of a Jewish State in Israel. This would eventually become the first Israelite tribal homeland in almost 1800 years.  It would eventually set the stage for the return of the Ephraimites to the Shomron region of central Israel after their own homeland on the Isle of Britannia had become Islamized in the 21st century. It will eventually lead to the complete restoration and return of the all the House of Joseph (Ephraim) and the complete 10 Tribes of Israel to their expanded native homelands. The era of Greater Israel will have officially arrived.

But it was not only to the Isle of Britannia that the Anglo-Saxons arrived, for they also arrived to the north and east in the regions of the Danish Islands along the Baltic Ocean.  The historical King Odin, the ancestral ruler of the Swedish Empire in the northern half of the Scandinavian island was also a Scythian of Saxon origins. The Ynglinga Saga, as narrated by Snorre, claimed that on the arrival of King Odin, he stated that he came from the region of Asaland or Asaheim in Central Scythia and in the region at Asgard, where modern city of Kiev was located.

It was in the 3rd to 4th century that Odin assembled a large army and moved northwards up the Dnieper River to the Baltic region known as Pelagus Scythicum before crossing the waters into Scandinavia. It was the army of Odin, called the “Svear” that gave Sweden her name, “Sverige”, the land of the Svear.”  So who was Odin, the progenitor imperialist who began the country of Sweden? 
According to the Herald’s College in London, there was found an ancient manuscript on the genealogies of the ancient Saxons from Adam and King David. Within these genealogies, Odin was listed along with his wife, Frea, along with the Ancient Royal House of Britain to King David through Hannah (Anna) the cousins of Princess Miriam the mother of the Jewish messiah Yahshua.   They eventually traced down these lineages through the centuries to the English Tudors, Stuarts, Plantagenets, the German Hanoverians, Saxe-Coburgs and finally the Danes of Denmark. 

Rutherford says the Cimmerians, that is the Welsh or Cymry, were descendants of the tribe of Simeon, known to the Romans as the Simeni, the Latin form for Simeonites (Rutherford, 28).

There is considerable documentation of the large crossover root words between the languages of the Cymric Welsh, and the Old Laps, Finns, and Estonians with the Hebrew language; two hundred words in the Lapp language alone.  As late as the 1700s, there were records of Finnish and Lapp traditions of their ancestors being carried away into exile by an ancient king called Shalmaneser.

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