viernes, 25 de marzo de 2016

Anglo-Israelism, Ephraimitism, Two-House Movement... & British Israelism explained 2

Ashkenaz (Germany) + Scandinavia = (A)S(h)kan(az)dinavia

Naphtalite clan of Jahzeel may have given its name to the Dutch lake Ijsel.

The Cimerians must also come from the Judahite clan of Zimri.

Saqiz, a town in the Iraqi Kurdishtan, Has been inhabited by Jews & bears the name of their ancestor Isaac.

Parthalan (very similar to Parthia) was a personage in the Irish mythology.

It's interesting that the Israelite stronghold of Massaga, in Afghanistan, has so similar name from the Jewish one of Massada.

Jekabpils, in the Baltic state of Latvia, means Jacob city. The Baltic nations, especially Lithuania, were remarkable areas. Vilna was called "the Second Jerusalem" & from Vilna came the celebrated Jewish sage "the Vilna Gaon".

The river Danapris turned to Dnieper & the Danastris to Dniester.

Is DeNe, the ward of Newcastle upon TyNe a DaNite name? It wouldn't be surprising because this area of England was dominated by the DaNes in an area called DaNelaw. There's an Amerindian tribe called DeNe as well.

Names from Khumri found in Jutland, Denmark (HiMmeRland, HiMmeRsyssel), Norway (HiMbRin, HiMmeRstein, HyMbeR), Uppland, Sweden (HiMbRan), United Kingdom (CuMbeRland, nortHuMbRia, Cumbria, CyMRy, Wales in Gaelic) & Ukraine (CRiMea. A peninsula called by the ancient Greeks as CiMmerian peninsula). There are also last names & nouns in Gemany that sound deived of Khumri: Kimmerle, kummer, kumber. Plutarch says the KiMmeRioi, that came from Jutland (& became called KiMbRoi) named the Italian toponym of uMbRia, from which the Spanish town of Punta Umbría received its name. The CiMbRians named an island (at the end of the Elbe river) Holy Land or Heligoland in the local language. They also called the Baltic sea in their language as Dead sea. The name of the Elbe river, known as Elba in other languages, may have its name related with Alba, a name recognized by scholars as Israelite from the Hebrew word haLeban. The name Rhine might also come from Rhune, a Viking script of the same Israelite origin.

Since peoples considered to be Israelites were dwelling in Ukraine, the name Crimea or Crym may have been given by them from the name Khumri, a King from which the Israelites were named after & gave name to different locations: Cymru, Cimmerian, Cimbrian, Camberley, Kimberly, Cambria, Cumberland... Albion is a name is a name for England & even for Britain as whole. It might derive from the pronounciation of Lebanon. The celebrated English river Avon would receive its name from Aven, in Benjamin, the Land of Israel.

The massacres of the Huguenots in France several hundred years ago proved that people of the same blood, set against each other by religious differences, could be as terrible as the conflicts between differing racial groups. In the case of the Huguenots, the refugees provided the stock from which came most of the leading thinkers of the American Revolution.

Kimmerle Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

The Kimmerle surname comes from the Middle High German "kummer," or "kumber," meaning "grief," "distress," or "trouble;" as such, it may have evolved from a nickname for someone who had suffered a loss or misfortune. "Kummer" is also slang word for a penitentiary, and it is possible that in some instances the surname may have arisen as nickname for a prisoner or jailer. There are also places named Kummer in Germany.

Kimmerle Early Origins

Spelling variations of this family name include: Kummer, Kummerling, Kummerle, Kimmerle and many more.

First found in Augsburg, an imperial free city in Southern Germany, where an Ulrich Chumber was found in 1288.

The Kimmerle Early History

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kimmerle research.
Kimmerle Early Notables

Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kimmerle.
This Coat of Arms has Stars of David, but they're not Jewish. They're Lost Israelites. That's why.

The Great Migration

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kimmerle Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

Mrs. A. J. Kimmerle, aged 29, who settled in America, in 1893 O.J. Kimmerle, aged 34, who landed in America, in 1895 Christian Kimmerle, aged 17, who landed in America, in 1896

Kimmerle Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

Fekla Kimmerle, aged 22, who emigrated to America from Stuttgart, Germany, in 1907 Augustus Kimmerle, aged 45, who emigrated to the United States, in 1908 Wilhelm Kimmerle, aged 23, who emigrated to the United States from Mannheim, Germany, in 1910 Mary A. Kimmerle, aged 54, who landed in America, in 1915 Marie Kimmerle, aged 34, who emigrated to the United States from Baierbronn, Germany, in 1923. 

Kimmerle & derived names could be a derivation of Kumri & therefore a name indicating their Israelite roots. Their Coat of Arms with 3 Stars of David, reinforces their Israelite origin.

British Israelism

It's said that 5 keys lock up the world: Singapore, Capetown-Good Hope Cape, Alexandria-Suez channel, Gibraltar & Dover. And they were all dominated by the British. I would add the pass between aDeN & Somaliland, both being also British & the Falkland to the cape of Horn. The final sum is 7, a divine number. These are the keys, or doors of the foes promised to Israel. Hong-Kong, given back to China in 1997, is considered to symbolized the formal end of the British Empire.

The Behistun Inscription is often cited as a link between the deported Israelites, the Cimmerians and the Scythians (Saka). George Rawlinson wrote: We have reasonable grounds for regarding the Gimirri, or Cimmerians, who first appeared on the confines of Assyria and Media in the seventh century B.C., and the Sacae of the Behistun Rock, nearly two centuries later, as identical with the Beth-Khumree of Samaria, or the Ten Tribes of the House of Israel.

Adherents often believe that the Behistun Inscription connects the people known in Old Persian and Elamite as Saka, Sacae or Scythian with the people known in Babylonian as Gimirri or Cimmerian. It should be made clear from the start that the terms ‘Cimmerian’ and ‘Scythian’ were interchangeable: in Akkadian the name Iskuzai (Asguzai) occurs only exceptionally. Gimirrai (Gamir) was the normal designation for ‘Cimmerians’ as well as ‘Scythians’ in Akkadian.

The archeologist and British Israelite, E. Raymond Capt, claimed similarities between King Jehu’s pointed headdress and that of the captive Saka king seen to the far right on the Behistun Inscription. He also posited that the Assyrian word for the House of Israel, “Khumri”, which was named after Israel’s King Omri of the 8th century BCE, is phonetically similar to “Gimirri." (Cimmerian)

The principal belief of Anglo/British Israelism is that the British (and by extension Americans, Canadians, Australians, and others) are the spiritual and literal descendants of the ancient Israelites.

Anglo-Israelism has a long history. The Puritan colonists in America also viewed themselves as spiritual descendants of the ancient Israelites. However, it was not until 1840 that John Wilson published "Lectures on our Israelitish Origin" and first proclaimed that the British people were the actual genetic descendants of God's chosen people.

The Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament) records how a schism occurred among the ancient Hebrews, separating the land into:

The Southern Kingdom of Judah which included the tribes of Benjamin and Levi, and the Northern Kingdom of Israel, also known as Kingdom of Ephraim, which included the remaining ten tribes. About 721 BCE, the latter was captured by the Assyrians. According to historians and archaeologists, its population was taken into captivity, and assimilated. Non-Hebrews were imported in the region and the Northern Kingdom ceased to exist. However, British Israel writers developed the belief that these "ten tribes" were able to retain their identity and cohesiveness, became lost to history, and wandered far from the Middle East. They concluded that the stone used in the coronation of King David was transported to the British Isles where it exists today as the Stone of Scone. The latter stone is still used for the coronation of British queens and kings. The writers promoted the belief that divine authority was transferred from ancient Israel to England along with the stone. In reality, the origin of the Stone of Scone has been traced to rock outcroppings in Scotland using standard geological analysis methods.

British Israelism was quite popular during the ascent of the British Empire, but quickly lost favor as the Empire was converted into a Commonwealth of Nations. In the early years of the 20th century, Charles Parham and John Allen were the main teachers of British-Israelism in the United States. Parham later went on to be a major influence in the Pentecostal movement. Allen's book "Judah's Scepter and Joseph's Birthright" spread the concept through the Adventist and other churches.

British Israelism formed a main part of the foundation of Herbert W. Armstrong's Worldwide Church of God.

Church beliefs during the period when Armstrong was in control include: Identification of the British and American people as descendants of two sons of Jacob: Ephraim & Manasseh.

Belief that the term "British" is derived from the ancient Hebrew word "beriyth" (covenant).

Belief that the term "Saxon" originated as "Isaac's Sons"

As the "lost" ancient Israelite tribe of Dan spread across Europe, they named many rivers, towns etc. after themselves (e.g. Danube River, Denmark, Dunkerk, Donegal).


A theory which identifies the Anglo-Saxon race with the Lost Ten Tribes. Its adherents, who claim that the promises given to Israel will be fulfilled with regard to England and America, are said to number 2,000,000 in England and the United States; and at one time they included in their ranks a member of the English House of Lords and a colonial bishop of the Church of England. They have issued several weeklies in defense of their views; and there is one publisher in London whose publications are devoted entirely to the cause. Strictly speaking, the believers in Anglo-Israelism do not form a sect, as most of its members retain communion with the Church of England, and they only hold their views as a supplementary pious opinion.

History of Movement.

The first person who seems to have broached these views was Richard Brothers (1757-1824), who in his "Revealed Knowledge" (1794), claimed to be descended from David. In 1822 Brothers published his "Correct Account of the Invasion of England by the Saxons, Showing the English Nation to be Descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes," which may be regarded as the foundation of the movement. He was followed by J. Wilson ("Our Israelitish Origin," 1845), who placed the theory upon its present basis; by W. Carpenter ("Israelites Found"), and by F. R. A. Glover ("England the Remnant of Judah"); and the movement obtained a somewhat distinguished adherent in C. Piazzi Smith, astronomer royal for Scotland, who in his bizarre work, "Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid," attempted to prop up the cause by showing the identity of British weights and measures with those of the ancient Egyptians and Hebrews. The chief representative, however, in England was Edward Hine, of whose "Identification of the British Nation with Lost Israel," London, 1871, a quarter million copies are said to have been sold. He also published for several years a weekly journal, "The Nation's Leader," and a monthly magazine, "Life from the Dead." In America the chief leaders of the movement appear to have been G. W. Greenwood, who published a monthly journal, "Heir of the World," New York, 1880, and Rev. W. H. Poole, of Detroit, Mich. The theory has even extended to Germany, though it does not appear to have attracted much notice there. A work by S. Backhaus, "Die Germanen ein Semitischer Volksstamm," appeared in Berlin in 1878.

Chief Arguments.

The theory of Anglo-Israelism is based upon an extremely literal interpretation of the Old Testament, as represented by King James's version and by an application of texts brought together from the prophecies about Israel; and its advocates attempt to bring their readers into the dilemma that England and its colonies must be the Israel to whom the promises were made in the Bible, or that these promises have been unfulfilled. At the start, distinction is made between the ultimate fates of Israel and Judah. For the former all the blessings of the Bible are reserved; whereas the latter, represented in modern times by the Jews, are to experience all the curses threatened to the backsliding people in the prophecies.

Biblical Texts.

It is pointed out that while in the prophecies Israel will change his name (Hosea, i. 9), be numberless (ibid. ii. 1), dwell in islands (Isa. xxiv. 15) with colonies and be the chief of the nations (Micah, v. 8), Judah will be a byword (Jer. xv. 4). The "isles" (Isa. xli. 1, xlii. 4), to which Israel was banished, were to be north (Jer. iii. 12) and west (Isa. xxiv. 15) of Palestine, and to be in a cold climate, since it is said: "Heat nor sun will smite them" (Isa. xlix. 10). It was further prophesied that the isles would become too small for Israel (Isa. xlix. 19) and that Israel should be a nation and company of nations (Gen. xxxv. 11). It would, therefore, have colonies (Isa. xlix. 20, liv. 3), so that it might surround the nations (Deut. xxxii. 7-9) and be above them all (Deut. vii. 6, xiv. 2, xxviii. 1). The children of Israel will always know and recognize the Lord (Isa. lix. 21, xlix. 3), which of course is interpreted to mean, "will be members of the true Church." The Anglo-Israelites triumphantly ask, "What nation save England corresponds to all these prophetic signs?" In further confirmation it is pointed out that one of the tribes of Manasseh was to become an independent nation (Gen. xlviii. 19): the United States obviously represents Manasseh. Both Ephraim and Manasseh shall exterminate the aborigines ("push the people together") in the countries into which they spread (Deut. xxxiii. 17). The lion and the unicorn are referred to in Num. xxiv. 8, 9; while the American eagle is intended in the prophecy in Ezek. xvii. 3. The promise that Israel "shall possess the gates of his enemies" (Gen. xxii. 17, xxiv. 60) is taken to be fulfilled in the possession by England of Gibraltar, Malta, Heligoland, Aden, and Singapore. Finally, it was prophesied that Israel should bear another name (Isa. lxv. 15) and speak another tongue (Isa. xxviii. 11). All these characteristics of Israel, as distinguished from Judah, are fulfilled, it is contended, in England, its colonies, and the United States.

Historic Connection.

The historical connection of the ancestors of the English with the Lost Ten Tribes is deduced as follows: The Ten Tribes were transferred to Babylon about 720 B.C.; and simultaneously, according to Herodotus, the Scythians, or Saccæ, appeared in the same district; the progenitors of the Saxons afterward passed over into Denmark—the "mark" or country of the tribe of Dan—and thence to England. Another branch of the tribe of Dan which remained "in ships" (Judges, v. 17) made its appearance in Ireland under the title of "Tuatha-da-Danan." Tephi, a descendant of the royal house of David, arrived in Ireland, according to the native annals, in 580 B.C. From her was descended Feargus More, king of Argyll, an ancestor of Queen Victoria, who thus fulfilled the prophecy that "the line of David shall rule for ever and ever" (II Chron. xiii. 5, xxi. 7). The Irish branch of the Danites brought with them Jacob's stone, which has always been used as the coronation -stone of the kings of Scotland and England, and is now preserved in Westminster Abbey. The land of Arzareth, to which the Israelites were transplanted (II Esd. xiii. 45), is identified with Ireland by dividing the former name into two parts, the former of which is ereẓ, or "land"; the latter, Ar, or "Ire."

Philological Arguments.

Philology is also brought in to support the theory: the many Biblical and quasi-Jewish names borne by Englishmen are held to prove their Israelitish origin (H. E. Nicholls, "Surnames of the English People"). An attempt has been made to derive the English language itself from Hebrew (R. Govell, "English Derived from Hebrew"). Thus, "bairn" is derived from bar ("son"), "berry" from peri ("fruit"), "garden" from gedar, "kid" from gedi, "scale" from shekel, and "kitten" from quiton (ḳaton ="little"). The termination "ish" is identified with the Hebrew ish ("man"); "Spanish" means "Spain-man"; while "British" is identified with Berit-ish ("man of the covenant").

The whole theory rests upon an identification of the word "isles" in the English version of the Bible which identifies the original word with "coasts" or "distant lands" without any implication of their being surrounded by the sea.

The Anglo-Israelite theory has of recent years been connected with the persecutions of the Jews, in which the Anglo-Israelites see further confirmation of their position by the carrying out of the threats prophesied against Judah. This side of the subject has been dealt with by T. R. Howlett in "An Anglo-Israel Jewish Problem," Philadelphia, 1892; supplement, 1894.


Besides the works mentioned above, the chief sources from which this article has been drawn are E. Hine, The British Nation Identified with Lost Israel, London, 1871, and W. H. Poole, Anglo-Israel, or the Saxon Race Proved to be the Lost Tribes of Israel, Detroit, 1889. See also P. Cassel, Ueber die Abstammung der Englischen Nation, Berlin, 1880, and S. Beruatto, Britannia-Israel ossia gli Ebrei nella Questione d'Oriente, Rome, 1880. Much information is also contained in the journals Anglo-Israel and Banner of Israel, both published in London, and Heir of the World, published in New York.

"Shoshana Yaacov" (Rose of Jacob) represents all of Israel: York had a white Rose as symbol & Lancaster a Red Rose

In Jewish Liturgy the expression "Shoshana Yaacov" (Rose of Jacob) represents all of Israel

In the Bible Israel is compared to a rose:

[Hos 14:5] I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily [Hebrew "shoshana" i.e. rose], and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.

"Lily" in Hebrew is "shoshana" and actually means a rose. The rose (or rosette shape based on the rose) which (as a rosette) was a symbol of royalty in ancient Israel and in other nations.In the beginning of the "Zohar" it says:

"`As the rose among the thorns, so is my love among the maidens' (Song of Solomon 2:2): What is the rose: It is the Assemblage of Israel, the Community of Israel. For there is a rose (above) and a rose (below). Just as the rose which is among the thorns has red and white, so does the Assemblage of Israel have justice and mercy. Just as a rose has thirteen petals, so does the Assemblage [Hebrew: "Knesset"] of Israel have thirteen measures of compassion encompassing it on all sides. "...Five strong leaves surround the rose..."
In ENGLAND BETWEEN THE YEARS 1450 - 1485 there was a series of civil wars known as "Wars of the Roses" occurring between the rival Houses of York and Lancaster. Each side was represented by a rose, York by a white rose, and Lancaster by a red rose. At the end of the struggle a partly Welsh noble named Henry Tudor became king. Henry claimed to unify in his person the two rival sides. He chose as his symbol a rose with both red and white petals (i.e. a large white rose with a smaller red rose overlaid on it) and with five green leaves around it.


Among the Celts, the Druids were the only teachers of religion, like the priests/Levites were in Israel. The Druids offered sacrifices as the priests did in Israel. Among pagan nations it is normally the civil government that judges criminals, especially so in murder cases but this was not the case amongst the Celts. Like the priests in Israel, it was the Druids, and not the kings or heads of tribes, that decided about life and death.

Similarly, the Druids had their high priest as did ancient Israel and like the priests and Levites, the Druids were in charge of religion. Another strong link is the fact that both Levites in Israel and Druids among the Celts were exempt from military service and paying taxes.

The Celts seem to have raised commemorative stone monuments as the Israelites did, and the oak tree played a significant role in the lives of both Celts and the idolatrous Israelites of the Northern Kingdom.

The Celts had special feasts in May and October, a corruption of those of the Eternal (Leviticus Ch.23). Their day started at sunset, as it did in Israel, whereas the year commenced, according to certain historians, in autumn, as the year still does with the Jews. They also used a solar-lunar calendar, with alternating months of 29 and 30 days similar to the Jewish solar-lunar Calendar of today.

The most gruesome analogy is the one of human sacrifices. For this reason Julius Caesar considered the Celts barbaric and it was one of the reasons why God drove the Ten Tribes out of the Promised Land. Could it be that Baal and Moloch, the gods the apostate Israelites turned to worship, were in essence the same as the Celtic gods Belenos (Baal) and Lug (Mo-loch)? Human sacrifices were made to both Moloch and Lug.

Judah and the Money

“And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit is it if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood? Come and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brethren were content. There then passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph to Egypt.” (Genesis 37:26-28, my underlining)

Judah’s instinct for making money and profit was fulfilled in the Hanseatic League, which in the Middle Ages was a commercial league of app. 200 primarily north German cities, which gained tremendous economical, but also political and military, power in northern Europe through aggressive trade. Lübeck was the central city of the Hanseatic League, which reached its zenith in the 14th and 15th centuries, where it also had “Kontors” in London, Brügge, Bergen and Novgorod. Since the beginning of the 16th century the importance of the Hanseatic League gradually faded. The Kontors closed one after one, until the Hanseatic League officially shut itself down in 1862. At that point of time there were only three cities left in the Hanseatic League (Lübeck, Hamburg, and Bremen). The worldwide Jews have the same characteristics as the norhern Germans regarding the ability of making business & money.

Today nine German cities and three Dutch cities officially call themselves Hanseatic cities (Hansestadt Lübeck, Hansestadt Rostock, etc.).

Judah’s instinct for making money and profit was also fulfilled in the German Mark which was known as the most stable European currency. It is also fulfilled in the European Central Bank, which administrates the monetary policy of the 16 countries in the Euro-zone, and which is situated in Frankfurt, Germany.


That “the scepter shall not deport from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come” is fulfilled in Jesus Christ who is now spiritual King of the Israelite and non-Israelite Christian nations. This prophecy, however, is also fulfilled in the fact that a large proportion of European nobility has German roots, which points to a part of Germany being Judah.

Henry the Fowler (Heinrich der Finkler) was Duke of Saxony from 912 and became King of the Germany in 936. He is considered to be the founder and first king of the medieval German state, which until then was known as East Francia. Henry’s family, the Ottonian dynasty, named after Henry’s son Otto I, and also called the Saxon dynasty, ruled Germany until 1024.

Queen Margrethe II of Denmark is of the House of Glücksburg, which originates in Glücksburg, a small town in Anglia, which today is a part of the German part of Schleswig. Until 1863 Denmark’s royal family was of the House of Oldenburg which originated in Schleswig-Holstein.

The British Queen Elizabeth II is of the House of Windsor which originally was called the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and originated in duchies in Thuringia and Bavaria. The House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha has ruled Britain since 1901, but during WWI they changed their German-sounding name to the House of Windsor. From 1714 to 1901 Britain was ruled by the House of Hanover, which originated in Hanover in Lower Saxony.

In 1902 the Reverend W.M.H. Milner traced the lineage of the British royal house back to king David in The Royal House of Britain: An Enduring Dynasty.

I recommend anyone here to read these wonderful books on the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel & their current nations: and . And here there's books & booklets for free & some ones in other languages:,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,%20papers/,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

It's not just one author or a few, there's a huge current of authors & Christian debominations that believe in Two-Houser belief.

Two-Houser/Bi-Houser, Ephraimite, British Israelism or Christian Anglo Israel links 

(Whites of British, Skandinavian, Irish, French, Dutch origin & other Western Europeans are Israelites) htt:// http://ministry/blog/sites-about-identity
http://www.stonekingdom         (Believes in western & Eastern Israel)

(Mormon Twohouser)

Hispanic Two-Houser:



Non Two-Houser but interesting: (lds web)

Two-houser in Hebrew

Twohousers but believing the Lost Tribes are in other areas too:

Other twohousers that don't define so much where the Israelites are:

They believe different black tribes, Amerindians, Polynesians... are Israelites: (Ten Tribes in Asia)

Black Israel:
Antisemitic & racist hate Two-Housers

Were All the People of the Northern Kingdom Deported?

Many scholars have challenged the Bible's claim that the entire population of the northern kingdom went into Assyrian captivity. Some think most of the Israelites fled south and assimilated into the population of the kingdom of Judah. What really happened? Let's examine the record.

The chain of events leading to Israel's fall and massive deportation began with the Assyrian monarch Tiglath-pileser III. In three campaigns he implemented what historians call the Galilean captivity (ca. 734-732 B.C.). He captured Damascus and established a military presence at the border of Egypt He deported into the upper Mesopotamian River valley large segments of the Reubenite, Gaddite and Transjordan Manassite populations (1 Chronicles 5:26) and Naphtali and cities in the territories of Issachar, Zebulun and Asher (2 Kings 15:29).

The Assyrian monarch Shalmaneser V initiated and carried out most of the climactic 724-722 B.C. campaign into the remainder of the northern kingdom. Shalmaneser, however,

"was deposed soon afterwards by another king, Sargon II. This name, 'True King,' seems to betray the suspect nature of Sargon's claim to the throne. . . Sargon II moved the Assyrian capital to his own foundation of Khorsabad, built in imitation of Nimrud, and the older city was neglected. . . Shalmaneser V . . . did not have time to commemorate his achievements in stone, and it was his successor, Sargon II, who claimed credit for the victory" (Julian Reade, Assyrian Sculpture, pp. 48, 65).

The landmark 19th-century discoveries of British archaeologist Austen Henry Layard dispelled any doubts that the Assyrian kingdom was a formidable force that ferociously dominated the ancient Near East off and on from the ninth through the seventh centuries B.C. It is indisputable that the Assyrians invaded and conquered the northern kingdom as part of that domination.

The precise figures involved, at least those outside the biblical record, are still beyond historical verification. Some scholars argue that only a small number of leaders-the northern intelligentsia-fell into captivity at the hands of the Assyrians. The rest, they say, either fled as refugees or were assimilated into the alien populations transplanted in the northern kingdom (2 Kings 17:24).

Others believe that the enslavement and removal of Israelites involved almost the entire northern population. How are we to know who is correct? How many Israelites did the Assyrians deport?

Archaeologists have found a set of Assyrian court records that provide some specific numbers. King Sargon II claims to have taken 27,290 captives from Samaria. This number is decidedly small in contrast to the entire population of the northern kingdom. But there is a logical reason for such a small number.

Conservative Bible scholar Eugene Merrill notes that Shalmaneser V

"took Samaria in his last year. . . [then] Sargon, who probably was not the son of liglathpi leser, as some claim, but a usurper, reigned over the vast Assyrian Empire from 722 to 705. One of Assyria's most militant rulers, [Sargon] claims to have undertaken significant campaigns in every one of his seventeen years. In the annals of his first year he takes credit for Samaria's fall. In actual fact the biblical assertion that Shalmaneser V was responsible is correct; as several scholars have shown, Sargon claimed this major conquest for his own reign so that the record of his first year would not be blank" (Kingdom of Priests, 1996, p. 408).

In other words, Sargon took advantage of the fact that Shalmaneser V was deposed before his military exploits were fully recorded. Though Sargon may have accurately recorded the results of his own invasion and deportation of Israel's northern kingdom during his first year, he left unrecorded the much greater Israelite deportation by his predecessor, leaving the impression that his own feats were greater than they actually were.

Eugene Merrill's logical explanation of Sargon's extremely low figures regarding deportees is significant because it squares Assyrian history with the biblical record. The relatively few thousands of deportees recorded by Sargon simply do not take into account the massive deportations already undertaken by his predecessors, Tiglath-pileser III and Shalmaneser V.

For any who believe in the accuracy of the Scriptures the biblical record is the most reliable historical source. In regard to the northern kingdom's deportation, the report of 2 Kings is probably the most essential biblical testimony:

"Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left but the tribe of Judah alone. . . The LORD rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight. . .

"For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they did not depart from them, until the LORD removed Israel out of His sight, as He had said by all His servants the prophets. So Israel was carried away from their own land to Assyria, as it is to this day" (2 Kings 17:18-23).

Although the Bible plainly states that the Assyrians carried the northern kingdom's population away as captives, biblical passages and indirect archaeological evidence indicate that some refugees from the northern tribes were living among the people of Judah well after Israel's fall.

Probably a few northerners moved south shortly after the separation of Israel from Judah in protest of the contemptible practices Jeroboam I (1 Kings 12:25-33; 13:33; 2 Chronicles 11 :13-16) and his successors-most notably Ahab and Jezebel (1 Kings 16:28-33; 18:3-4, 18)-introduced. This first wave of migrants into Judah would have been men and women seeking a less overtly polluted religious environment in which to worship God.

But, just before the northern kingdom's exile, a much larger number of northerners probably headed south to Judah to escape the Assyrian onslaughts of the eighth century B.C. No one disputes that the population of Jerusalem expanded greatly during that time.

Israeli archaeologist Magen Broshi estimates that the population of Jerusalem swelled from about 7,500 to 24,000 as the eighth century drew to a close. Not all that increase seems attributable to an expanded birthrate. Some godly northerners may even have responded to Hezekiah's religious reformation (2 Chronicles 30:1-18; 31 :1), but most probably simply acted out of fear of the coming Assyrian invasion.

Do these events indicate that God simply assimilated enough people from the northern tribes into Judah and that the Jews who returned from the later Babylonian captivity under Ezra and Nehemiah comprised all that God intended to preserve as His holy people Israel? Some scholars advocate this theory, but they overlook a critical fact.

The Babylonians exiled the inhabitants of the kingdom of Judah in 587 B.C. This exile included those who had migrated to Judah from the former northern kingdom. Seventy years later only a small portion of those exiled to Babylon returned to rebuild the temple and the city of Jerusalem. The Scriptures show that those who volunteered to return and rebuild a Jewish presence in Palestine came almost exclusively from the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi (Nehemiah 11 :3-36). We find no scriptural evidence-or other historical evidence-that any significant numbers from the other 10 tribes were included in Judah's return to their homeland.

Therefore, the prophecies that refer to a future restoration of the lost 10 tribes cannot be considered fulfilled in the return of some of the Jewish people to Jerusalem in the days of Ezra and Nehemiah. Even those who did return comprised only a partial restoration of the Jews. The descendants of the rest oft he exiled Jewish and Israelite families were scattered among the nations and most probably eventually lost their identity. Prophecy tells us that Christ will gather these, along with the lost 10 tribes, at His return.


WE have now to go back to a much earlier period to understand what was the racial composition of the inhabitants of Greece at the period we are discussing. This is dealt with in chapter 9 of Danvers' Israel Redivivus, and will be used as the basis of our information. In the fifteenth and sixteenth dynasties Lower Egypt was ruled over by Hyksos kings. Manetho says that they ruled for 511 years and that they were Arabs.The Hyksos were driven out, and the Theban dynasty was restored, under "the king who knew not Joseph." This first king of the restored dynasty died, and the Exodus took place under the second king.

"During the troublous times, lasting for about one hundred years, whilst the war between the Theban kings and the Hyksos continued, a great number of the people of the country were compelled to seek foreign settlements."

Greek tradition History of Greece from the Earliest Period  relates the establishment of four successive colonies erected in Greece by foreigners. The principle ones were:

From Sais Cecrops to Athens 1556 B.C. From Taneia Danaus to Argos 1500 B.C. From Taneia Cadmus (Phoenician) to Thebes (Baeotia) 1493 B.C. From Taneia Pelops' (Phrygian) descendants (intermarried with Danai) 1350 B.C.

The invaders introduced the Phoenician alphabet, improved agriculture, multiplied the rites of religion, taught the former inhabitants the use of metals, adopted the Grecian language and, generally, conformed to Grecian customs and institutions. Strabo describes the Pelasgi as barbarians. Thucydides regarded the Pelasgi and the Hellenes as one nation. Danaus moved first to establish his colony in the island of Rhodes, but, not being satisfied, moved thence to Argos in the Peloponnesus, where he established his sovereignty. Danvers gives the following arguments to support the case - on historical grounds - that it was Israel, and principally the tribe of Dan, which furnished the human element of classic Greece.

Dan, together with the other tribes of Israel, was in occupation of the very district whence the emigrations took place from Egypt to Greece, and that it is only reasonable to suppose that Danaus and his companions were Israelites, and that the leader was of the tribe of Dan.

That, as the Egyptians were never known to be colonists, the migration under Cecrops was also probably of the Israelite race, especially as these two migrations-after arrival in Greece-merged into one race under one name.

Grote, in his History of Greece, while admitting that these migrations took place, repudiates the idea that the Greeks - from an examination of their character and attitude - could have derived from either Egyptian or Phoenician ancestry.

Bishop Thirwall, in his History of Greece, on the other hand, discredits the migrations, on the ground that the commonly accepted tradition that these migrations were by Egyptian colonies is incredible, because it was known that the true Egyptian was averse from migration and dreaded sea voyages.

That the Israelites were spoken of as Egyptians is evident from:

(a) Exodus 2:19,(51) where Moses is described by the daughters of Reuel, the priest of Midian,as an Egyptian;
(b) Strabo,(52) where Moses is called an Egyptian priest.

(6) Latham (53) in his Ethnology of Europe, says: "neither do I think that the eponymus of Argive Danai was other than that of the Israelite tribe of Dan."

"Traditional genealogies, collated by Hecateus and others enabled Eratosthenes to date the 'fall of Troy' to 1194 B.C. in the third generation before the 'coming of the Dorians'."

From the article from which the above is quoted it is gathered that there is more historical background for the 'tale of Troy' than the nineteenth century gave credit to epic tradition for.

"Egyptian references to repeated sea-raids into the Levant between 1230 and 1190 B.C. depict a situation closely resembling Homeric descriptions; and the Aquaiusha, Danauna, and probably other participants in these raids may be safely recognized as Achaeans and Danaans in Greek tradition."

Subsequent to the Trojan War, Dorians - starting from Macedonia and from Mount Pindus in Thessaly - and Aetolians, dispossessed the former inhabitants of Argus, who now joined their kinsmen in Athens, and the two combined (descendants of Danaus and Cecrops respectively) became known as Ionians.

"As one of the consequences of the Doric invasion the Ionic race retained no part of the mainland of Greece except Attica. Another consequence was that many Ionians left the mainland and established colonies on the southern coast of Lydia and the northern coast of Caria which, together with the islands of Samos and Chios, took from them the name of Ionia ...The general colonial expansion of Greece took place during the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. Miletus was the most powerful colony."

From there Sinope, the ancient Assyrian port, in the middle of the south coast of the Black Sea, was settled about 785 B.C., and all the shores of the Black Sea.

Herodotus tells us that the Lacedaemonians (Spartans) were in his day the most famous branch of the Danai, while the Books of the Macabees (I, xii, 21) and Josephus say that the Lacedaemonians claimed affinity with the Jews as being themselves of the stock of Abraham. This claim was admitted by the Jewish High Priest.

The Red & White Stripes of Israel

White represents courage and red represents the bloodshed.....The red, historically, represents the British while the white stripes cutting through the red is a political statement against Great Britain and its rule over the colonies. The red stripe also symbolizes Christ's sacrifice and the white background His purity. This combination of colors is also found in Phoenician & Viking sails, both being peoples considered to have Israelite origin.

                                                        Phoenician (left) & Viking (right) sails
The culture later known as Phoenician was flourishing as early as the third millennium b.c. in the Levant, a coastal region now divided primarily between Lebanon, Syria, and Israel. But it wasn't until around 1100 b.c., after a period of general disorder and social collapse throughout the region, that they emerged as a significant cultural and political force.

People who have identified the Germans as Israelites

Many people in the English-speaking world believe that the Anglo-Saxons, Scandinavians, the Dutch and other peoples are descendants of Israelites. But some deny that the Germans are Israelites as well, despite the fact that the Germans are closely related to these peoples historically, genetically, linguistically, culturally, and religiously. We will therefore mention a few people who have identified the Germans as Israelites.

We have already mentioned the French Huguenot Pastor and Dean Jacques (or Jakob or James) Abbedie (1654-1727), who lived in exile in Germany, the Netherlands and Britain. In 1723 Abbedie published the book La Triomphe de la Providence et de la Religion where he wrote:

“Unless the Ten Tribes of Israel are flown into the air or sunk into the earth, they must be those ten Gothic tribes that entered Europe in the fifth century, overthrew the Roman Empire, and founded the ten nations of modern Europe.”[vii]

In 1840 the British-Irish Protestant John Wilson published Our Israelitish Origin, which was based on his lectures he had held throughout Britain in the previous years. Wilson believed the Germans to be just as much a branch of Israel as the British. For example when he commented on poetry and music, he specifically used the modern Germans as an example of an Israelite people:

“In need scarcely be remarked, that both Poetry and Music were greatly cultivated in Israel. These were accomplishments which, it might be expected, would be eminently possessed by a people who were to be peculiarly devoted to the worship of God – the Most High over all the earth: and accordingly, they, especially the Germans, have been remarkable for musical talent, and particularly as to instrumental music; and the genius of their music appears to be very much like that of the Jews. With regard to poetry, in all its varieties, these nations have been remarkable. Poetry was greatly cultivated, even among the operatives, in the cities of Germany.”[viii]

Wilson’s lectures and his book was the beginning of the British-Israel and Anglo-Israel movements. Many later British-Israelites have denied that the Germans are Israelites, contrary to John Wilson.

The Anglican Bishop J.H. Titcomb of Rangoon, another of the most prominent early Anglo-Israelites, also reckoned the Germans as a branch of Israel like the British. In 1875 Bishop Titcomb wrote that the Israelites spoken of in Ezekiel’s vision of the Valley Dry Bones (Ezekiel 37), who one day will be gathered, will be Britons, Frenchmen, Germans, Danes, Scandinavians, etc.:

“Assuming this to be the case, therefore – which is just what the Anglo-Israel Theorists maintain – we should have a representation of the Teutonic and Keltic races, or, at least, a large portion of them, lying in Britain, Gaul, Germany, Denmark, and Scandinavia, waiting to be collected in one compact and nationalized mass…”[ix]
The Swiss DNA testing institute iGENEA has made statistics over how modern European nations are genetically related to ancient peoples of the first millennium AD. iGENEA got the following results:

In 1926 the Norwegian captain Ole Jørgen Johnsen wrote Israel i de siste dage (Israel in the last days), where he wrote that the Germans were the tribe of Levi, Prussia was Simeon and Austria was Reuben. Concerning Levi being Germany and Moses’ blessing to Levi and Simeon, Johnsen wrote:

“The first part of the prophecy is about the past of this tribe, to which Moses belonged, and about their service in the wilderness. The last part is about the future, and rehabilitates Levi after he is separated from Simeon – the spiritual direction of his seducing brother – which is the fallen Prussia. Germany – which during the Reformation was Christianity’s force on the European continent, with Reformers such as Luther and many other pious men – are the descendants of Levi, which was the priestly tribe. The name of Levi’s eldest son was ‘Gershon’. And if they had called themselves ‘Gershonites’, then we would have recognized them immediately. Now, however, they are called ‘Germanic’ peoples.”

In 1931 the German Paul Senstius published the book Die Stämme der Israeliten und Germanen (The Israelite and Germanic Tribes) where he stated that the Germanic tribes were the descendants of the Israelite tribes of the Old Testament. Senstius reached much the same conclusions as presented in this study. He believed the Franks to be of Reuben, the Swabians and Alemmanians of Simeon, Bavaria of Levi, and the Jutes and the Alemannic tribe the Juthungen to be of Judah. Senstius also wrote that the name Germanic, Germans, etc. means “strangers from Armenia”, because the Germanic tribes had trekked to Germany through Armenia.[xi]

One of the best contemporary books about the 12 tribes of Israel is Uncovering the Mysteries of Your Hidden Inheritance (2001) by Robert Alan Balaicius. In this book the Germans are described as one of the Israelite nations on page 98.

In Israel’s Tribes Today (2005) Stephen M. Collins writes that the Germans are the Israelite tribe of Gad in the chapter The Tribe of Gad – Rising From Defeat to Prominence on p. 218-223.

Dr. Stephen E. Jones is the Pastor of God’s Kingdom Ministries, Minnesota, USA, and specializes in prophecy. Dr. Jones identifies Germany as Judah, and writes that Germany in prophecy fulfills the God’s prophecies to Judah and fits into Judah’s prophetic timeline:

“Jacob-Israel had prophesied in Genesis 49:10 and 1 Chron. 5:1, 2 that Judah was called to provide the monarchs for the House of Israel. In ancient times, this was fulfilled through King David, who was of Judah. It also meant that Jesus, the true King, was to come from the tribe of Judah through the line of David. In later history, we find that virtually all the monarchs in Europe are actually German. Even the present British monarchy was imported from Germany in 1714 (King George I). Thus, Germany has been fulfilling the prophecies of Judah for many centuries. It is not surprising, then, to find Germany paying the Cursed Time penalty for Judah in World War II. Likewise, it is not surprising to find the other Israel nations paying the Judged Time penalty for Israel in World War II.”[xii]

William Finck has in great detail traced the German people back to the lost tribes of Israel in the series of articles Classical Records and German Origins (2007).

The above mentioned people and the author of this study all identify the Germans as Israelites. Those who identify the Germans as specific tribes do not all reach exactly the same conclusion, but they do identify the Germans as Israelites specifically of the tribes descended from Leah!

Tribe of Benjamin

The Lost Tribe of Benjamin is modern Israel.

The tribe is identified using Benjamin's Seal Date, the Disengagement of Forces agreement signed at Kilometer Post 101 outside Cairo in January 1974. This document effectively ended the fighting between modern Israel and Egypt.

Since Egypt is not lost, the other signer of the document is the lost tribe of Benjamin.

Benjamin was the youngest of the Patriarchs. His monther died when she was giving birth to him. His was originally named Son of my Trouble.

Jacob's Blessing

Jacob's blessing is not a particuluarly strong blessing...

Genesis 49:27 27Benjamin is a plundering wolf; in the morning he will devour the prey, and in the evening he will divide the spoil.

The time references are likely mapping to this age especially the 7 times time intervals that reach into the modern era. The plunder is likely the land won in Israel's war of independence. In general, this was in effect a spoil of war from World War II.

That land recovery had political support in Europe only because of the deaths to Jews that happened in World War II. The world's collective memory of that event was quickly lost, and essentially all United Nations resolutions since that time have been hostile to Israel and her interests.


In Bible history the tribe of Benjamin was reduced to 600 fighting men with no wives, the first documented Holocaust. This war was lead by Judah, what turns out to be modern Russia. It may precursor a final Russian lead attack on Israel as many expect, though recent timeline work mitigates against this idea.

The modern nation of Israel was birthed in a prophetic replay of that first Holocaust, a prophetic match to the death of his mother, the death and destruction of World War II.

World War II itself was an exact, timed, prophetic replay of Jesus' crucifixion, and his burial in the tomb is also a direct prophetic match to the formation of the modern nation of Israel. There are considerable New Testament hints that the conversion of modern Israel to some form of Christianity (though probably like nothing practiced anywhere else in the world) will fortell the general Resurrection of the Dead at the end of the age. Jesus coming out of the tomb, alive, times the same event, and it limits the total national life length of modern Israel to under 90 years before their national conversion and the Resurrection.


A common misconception reguarding modern Israel is that this little modern nation is all of ancient Israel. This misconception disreguards the specific pronouncements of Moses over the Israelites that they would increase by 1000 fold. That increase leaves a modern total population figures for the entire set of lost tribes at something over 2,000,000,000, thats over 2 billion people. Modern Israel is too small to qualify as the same group of people as ancient Israel in its entirity because of this population difference.

The misconception that modern Israel is all of ancient Israel also disreguards the promise to Abraham that his offspring would inherit the entire planet. Modern Israel is only a small fraction of the Lost Tribes as it does not possess the planet itself, the rest of the tribes mostly do possess the planet.

Additionally, the promise to David that there would always be a descendent of his ruling over at least a part of Israel is not currently fulfilled in modern Israel as there is no monarchy. (A European monarch is probably fulfilling this promise...)

Additionally, all of the other Lost Tribes had a national conversion to Christianity by the year 1000 AD, some much earlier. The forms of expression of that Christianity varies considerably across countries, and across the centuries, and to modern evangelicals barely looks like Biblical Christianity... But, what is a national conversion to look like? The religion supplanted by Christianity was various forms of paganism. Modern Israel is the only lost tribe not to have accepted Jesus as the Messiah at a national level in the past 2000 years. This lack of conversion is hinted at in various scriptures dealing with Benjamin and the Jews.

This is lack of national conversion was in part so that the knowledge of the Hebrew Scriptures would not be lost through time. One part of Benjamin's redemptive call was to be the keepers of the Hebrew Scrolls. Indeed, even the switch of Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday by the Christian world alone can be shown in scripture to have happened in order to preserve both branches of covenant people.

This lack of national conversion to Christianity in some form is also considered by the Bible as a national fault. In the disciple-to-tribe maps the disciple to the tribe of Benjamin is listed as Judas, the betrayer. Most public Jewish discourse betrays Jesus, as did Judas. No Messianic Jew, professing Jesus and yet retaining Jewish customs, is allowed to immigrate to Israel under the standard Law of Return.

Another common misconception is the idea that the church replaces the Jews in the covenants. This is also folly, but correctly understanding the problem requires a correct understanding of who the Lost Tribes are, and how God fulfilled the promise to Abraham. God did not ignore the other Patriarchs nor did he ignore Benjamin.

Tribe of Manasseh

The Lost Tribe of Manasseh is the modern United States.

Key Prophecies

Jacob's prophecy about Manasseh:

Genesis 48:17-20 17And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him; and he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head. 18And Joseph said to his father, Not so, my father; for this is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head. 19But his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it; he also will become a people, and he also will be great: but his younger brother will be greater than he, and his seed will become a multitude of peoples. 20And he blessed them that day saying, By you Israel will bless, and they will say, May god make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh; and thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh.

The blessing given to Ephriam and Manasseh upset their father Joseph because Jacob apeared to be changing the natural birthright promises.

The passage suggests that Manasseh would inherit Abraham's Great Nation promise while Ephraim would become a community of nations.

Tribe of Joseph

The Lost Tribe of Joseph is 2 modern nations...

Joseph's son Ephraim is the United Kingdom.

Joseph's son Manasseh is the United States.

Joseph is an interesting tribal name because alone Joseph was not a landed tribe of ancient Israel. This is because he was written out of the will by Jacob, and his 2 sons, Ephraim and Manasseh replaced him.

The name Joseph shows up in the seal date system, though, and it identifies the March 1941 signing of the Lend Lease Treaty that established the basis for the United States to fund the United Kingdom in World War II.

Manasseh already has a seal date, in 1776, and it identifies the tribe of Manasseh as the modern United States.

By process of elimination, this leaves the tribe of Ephraim as the modern United Kingdom.

There are several interesting components to this structure that are important to note. Manasseh is the son who inherits the double portion birthright promise all the way from Abraham. This double portion aspect of Manasseh is being used on this date too, since Manasseh is in effect party to 2 of the seal dates.

Most of the rest of the tribes also carry their own native tongues. In this case Joseph, the English speaking world, breaks into 2 tribes with the same language, which is another interesting feature.

Note also that both tribes have essentially 50 base component "states."

In the case of the United States those 50 are not international sovereign governments, while in the case of Ephraim they are.

Key Prophecies

Jacob's prophecy about Ephriam:

Genesis 48:15-20 15And Jacob blessed Joseph his son saying, The god before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked righteously, the god who has supplied my needs from my youth to this day, 16the angel who has delivered me from all evil, bless the lads; and let them bear my name and the names of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow and multiply in the middle of the land.

17And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him; and he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's head. 18And Joseph said to his father, Not so, my father; for this is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head. 19But his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it; he also will become a people, and he also will be great: but his younger brother will be greater than he, and his seed will become a multitude of peoples. 20And he blessed them that day saying, By you Israel will bless, and they will say, May god make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh; and thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh.

The blessing given to Ephraim and Manasseh upset their father Joseph because Jacob appeared to be changing the natural birthright promises.

The passage suggests that Manasseh would inherit Abraham's Great Nation promise while Ephraim would become a community of nations.

Of course this is how it worked out, the United Kingdom is a nation, but also a network of related nations including Canada, Australia, New Zealand and many others.

Tribe of Issachar

The Lost Tribe of Issachar is modern Serbia and all affiliated countries.

The Congress of Berlin met in 1878 to reorganize the countries of the Balkans following the Russio-Turkish war.

As part of that process Serbia was recognized as an independent nation.

The timing, which follows Issachar's Seal Date, identifies the Balkans as the location of Issachar and the general collection of nations in that area as the nations that make up the Lost Tribe of Issachar.

For most of the 1900s, this was known as Yugoslavia, or South Slavia.

Nations that make up this tribe are characterized by their sharing what is called a South Slavic Language.
Jacob's Blessing

Jacob pronounces a blessing over Issachar that describes his eventual location in the world.

Genesis 49:14-15 Issachar is a mighty man crouching by the highways; 15and he saw that his dwelling place was good, and his land fertile; and he bowed his shoulder to servitude, and submitted to forced labor.

Yugoslavia sits on the land trade-routes between Europe and Turkey, and from there to the east, India and China, and by land to Africa as well. This location on the trade routes, is hinted at in the prophecy over Issachar.

The other idea that Jacob hints at with Issachar is that he would submit to forced labor.

The Seal Date event was a peasant revolt in the Balkans that broke off Ottoman rule over the South Slavic peoples. This is the bondage that Jacob is hinting at. They would also come under Communist rule in the early 1900s, and then later NATO rule (and bombing)...

The main characteristic of Issachar is his inability to stand alone as an independent people.


The language map excludes Albania because the Albanian language is unique. The country of Albania should be included in Issachar, and not Zebulun, because the name of Albania, in Albanian, is Shqipëria, a play on Issachar.

Tribe of Zebulun

The Lost Tribe of Zebulun is modern Greece.

The seal date in 1908 marks a treaty of union between Greece and Cyprus, so Cyprus is in this group as well. Greek is an official language of Cyprus.
Jacob's Blessing

Jacob's prophecy over Zebulun is that he will be a haven for ships.

Genesis 49:13 13Zebulun will live at the shore of the seas; and he will be a haven for ships; and his border will extend as far as Sidon.

Greece is a nation of islands, a haven for ships. Shipping remains a major industry for Greece.

Tribe of Asher

The Lost Tribe of Asher is modern Austria and all other affiliated countries.

Key Prophecies

Moses' prophecy about Asher:

Deuteronomy 33:24 24Of Asher he said, Let Asher be blessed with sons; let him be acceptable to his brothers, and let him have abundance of oil.

The key prophecy that identifies Asher is the oil.

For anyone wishing to purchase a supertanker of oil, the place to go is OPEC, located in Vienna, the capital of Austria.

Note there are attempts to drill for oil in the historical locations of Asher in modern Israel. That drilling is based on the same passage in scripture as quoted here. So far nothing in Israel compares to all of the oil known to the OPEC member nations, which is located in modern Asher.

Tribe of Levi

The Lost Tribe of Levi is modern Switzerland and all affiliated countries. Primarily the affiliated countries are city-states.

Levi is perhaps the easiest modern nation to identify, it retains a legal name that matches her ancient tribe.

Switzerland's legal name is the Confederation of the Helvetti.

The last term in the name is a Helenized form of the root word "Lvetti." That word, in turn, is simply a respelling of the voweless Hebrew name LVT, or LeViTe.

Also curious, in Hebrew, the H prefix means "the."

To play with the name, Switzerland is thus, the "Confederation of the-the Levites."
Prophetic Matches

The Levites were the keepers of the Tabernacle, and later the Temple in Jerusalem. That duty appears to continue as the Swiss Guards stand watch at the Vatican, and have various ceremonial functions in the same...

The Levites were not to be counted in regular census counts because those counts were really military role calls, and the Levites were not to participate in ancient Israel's wars. Though a civil war marks the general time of the Levite seal date, the country has maintained a neutral stance even through 2 major world wars fought around all of her borders.

The Levites were centrally located in the camp layout as the ancient Israelites traveled around in the wilderness. Note how the flag is a map of the same camp arrangement that Yahvah prescribed to the Israelites through Moses.

The levites were also supported through tithing, also called tax collecting in the Bible. The Swiss are known for their banking industry, a degenerate form of tithe collecting.

The Levites also had time-based functions in the ancient Israelite community and that function appears to be reflected in the traditional clock-making industry located in Switzerland.

The levites were also responsible for many of the governmental functions of ancient Israel. The modern equivalent is an extensive set of United Nations offices located in Geneva. The symbol for government given in the Bible is mountain and its various synonyms. This includes island, hill rock and so on. The location of Switzerland in the Swiss Alps is a match to this function as keepers of the government functions.
Jacob's Blessing

Jacob's blessing over Levi is paired with Simeon and reads more like a curse.

Genesis 49:5-7 5Simeon and Levi are brothers; instruments of anger are in their nature. 6I never agreed to their counsels; nor did I lower myself to sit in their assembly; for in their anger they slew men and in their rage they destroyed a town wall. 7Cursed be their anger, for it is raging: and their wrath, for it is fierce; I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.

Like most other countries in Europe, Switzerland had its share of immigrants. But, unlike nearly every other European nation, there are essentially no colonies. All of her immigrants ended up hidden inside other countries.

In general the editorial on the Levites, especially, is quite harsh in the Bible. This pronouncement over Levi is consistent with many other scriptures.

A complete treatment of this subject of city-states is still to be done, but the idea here is that most key city-states across the world are likely under the tribe of Levi.

Interesting examples in North America include Washington DC and perhaps Hawaii which was also undergoing governmental changes at the Seal Date time.

As far as Switzerland is concerned, the seal date marks a decree to confiscate monastic lands which triggered a civil war. The result several years later was a constitution modeled on that of the United States Constitution. That constitution forms the basis for the modern nation as we know it now.
Further Notes

The Vatican City is another example stand-alone city-state that is likely under the umbrella of Levi. The Vatican is the only widely accepted place where someone daily praises God as proscribed in the Bible. It may have a more special role in providing a New Testament form of preisthood, though a complete study is beyond current resources.

I've listed Vatican City, with a flag at right, because of its standing as a city-state, not because of the religous aspects of the Vatican (The Catholic church is clearly the Great Harlot of the Book of Revelation. I agree that it has clear Levitic characteristics, therefore I would identify it with the two apostate sons of the Levite Eli: Phinehas & Hophni. They desecrated the temple as the Catholic church does & they were destroyed by god as it is believed the Vatican will be. Of course the clueless Catholic followers that barely read the Bible if at all are not gonna be punished. It's interesting that many Catholic leaders are considered to be Jews, but some had the last name Cohen before they disguised it into a more gentile sounding name. Cohen is a typical Levite last name. Some remarkable "Jewish" leaders are the popes John Paul II, Banedict XVI...).

King James rejoins northern & southern kingdom of Israel 

King James rejoins northern & southern kingdom of Israel (Britain). James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the English and Scottish crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death. The kingdoms of England and Scotland were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union.

The  King James' Bible is the most famous version of the Bible. He sponsored the translation of the Bible that was named after him: the Authorised King James Version. Sir Anthony Weldon claimed that James had been termed "the wisest fool in Christendom", an epithet associated with his character ever since. Since the latter half of the twentieth century, however, historians have revised James's reputation and have treated him as a serious and thoughtful monarch.

            The Union Jack represents: England, Scotia & Ulster.

Tarshish could refer to the Atlantic region in general (Not only Iberia)

Tarshish were important in founding present-day North American civivilization. In Biblical and Rabbinical terminology the name Tarshish could refer to the Atlantic region in general. The ships of Tarshish will be instrumental in helping the Israelites return to the Land of Israel in the End Times.

The dollar sign in effect represents Tarshish. Isaiah 60: 8 Who are these that fly like a cloud, and like doves to their windows? 9 For the coastlands shall wait for me, the ships of Tarshish first, to bring your children from far away, their silver and gold with them, for the name of the Lord your God, and for the Holy One of Israel, because he has glorified you.

We see from Isaiah 60 that in the End Times the Israelites will return by airplanes  "that fly like a cloud,  and like doves to their windows".
They will also return by ships of Tarshish meaning ships  from the Atlantic Ocean area. This is the region of North America, the British Isles, and Western Europe. It is worth noting that the great scholar Cyrus Gordon believed that Tarshish referred to North America.

There are reports that Jews in the 1600s considered the ships of Tarshish to be the ships of the Netherlands which at that time had international importance. At all events they were associated with the Atlantic Ocean area. The Prophecy of Isaiah concerning the ships of Tarshish also inspired the explorations of Christopher Columbus in the Atlantic Ocean area. These lead to the discovery of the Americas. Chuck Missler  (quoting from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol. 16, p. 688) tells us:

Columbus was more driven by prophecy than astronomy. He compiled a collection of Biblical passages in his Libro de las Profecias, Book of Prophecies: Proverbs 8:27, which speaks of the earth's surface as being curved; Isaiah 40:22, the spherical earth; and the ocean currents in Isaiah 43:16.5 He would later describe his discovery of the New World as "the fulfillment of what Isaiah prophesied," from Isaiah 24:15, "Isles beyond the sea," and Isaiah 60:9.

Isaiah 60:9 For the coastlands shall wait for me, the ships of Tarshish first, to bring your children from far away, their silver and gold with them, for the name of the Lord your God, and for the Holy One of Israel, because he has glorified you. North America is shaped as the American eagle.


WHO are we? Who and where were we before we were Anglo-Saxons? What became of the ten tribes, if amalgamated, and with whom?

If the Anglo-Saxons are not Israel, what people inhabit the waste places and the wilderness, as God said Israel should?

Genesis 35:11, promises Abraham that “A nation and a company of nations shall be of thee.” If America is not that nation, and Great Britain that company of nations, who is?

If the Anglo-Saxons are not a great people, where is such a people to be found? If we are not Israel, we must be Gentiles, and as such are in possession of Palestine, and as Gentiles must be driven out before the Jews can return, and Christ take up His earthly reign.

If God’s Israel were to be in the Isles north and west of Jerusalem (The Isles afar off), and Great Britain is not Israel, then Great Britain must be destroyed and another nation found to replace her.

If we are not Israel, how does it come that we have Israel’s Sabbath, which was to be a sign, their Mosaic laws (the only nations having them), their military prowess, for they were to be God’s battle axe to destroy the nations.

How is it we are the evangelizing and missionary peoples of the earth? How is it that we possess the wealth of the world? We borrow from none and lend to all.

How is it that we have always been pro-Jewish, and the only nation friendly to the Jews? How is it that we alone, without the help of any other nation, took Palestine and became its protector? Has God changed His plan and chosen a Gentile nation to make it possible for the Jews to return to the promised land?

The Anglo-Saxons, having inhabited the Isles of the sea and the waste places, where is there still a place for Israel if, and when, found?

Who are the sheep nations that befriend “My Brethren” if not Anglo Israel, Great Britain and her company of nations and the United States of America, a Great nation? Surely, they are not the Jews.

How can the Jews be all there is of Israel when Ezekiel 37:15-23 requires that Ephraim and his fellows represent the ten tribes, and Judah, representing his fellows, must be united and march together (not alone) to Palestine? How can the Jews be said to be all of Israel, seeing that they are not a nation, or a company of nations? They are not a nation in “the Isles of the sea,” they are not a missionary people, they have not populated the waste places. They have not been God’s battle axe. They are not known as a great people. They do not possess the gates of their enemies, they are not blind as to their origin, they are not an undefeated race, they have no colonies and they do not possess a heathen nation.

Ezekiel 25:14: “And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of My People Israel”

Is not Edom Turkey? Was not 1917 the end of 1,335 years from the beginning of the Hegira? Was not Turkey driven out by Great Britain (Israel) on the 1,335th anniversary? Unless Great Britain is Israel, then the Turks were driven out by the Gentiles and, therefore, contrary to prophecy.

Why is it claimed by opponents of Anglo-Israel teaching that Christ is the Stone Kingdom, when Daniel 2:34,45, says plainly that in those days the God of Heaven shall set up a Kingdom that shall never be destroyed? In the days of those kings, not after. It is a Kingdom and with it He will destroy the nations. Christ is never spoken of as a Kingdom.

He is the Chief Corner Stone of the Stone Kingdom, its completion, but not the Kingdom.

This Kingdom is not set up after, but during the days of those kings, and carries over into the Millennium and continues forever. All pre-millennialists believe in the near return of Christ, but a nation meeting all of the above requirements must be in possession of Palestine when Christ returns to establish His Kingdom.

Why are the Anglo-Israel teachers charged with heresy and teaching the doctrine of Devils, when they accept and teach every fundamental truth, such as the inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible, the deity of Jesus, including His pre-existence and oneness with the Father, His Virgin birth, His resurrection of the body, the descent of the Holy Spirit, Salvation by faith, the Gospel of the Grace of God, as set forth by the Christian Church throughout the ages, the return of Christ for His body, the Church, and His return with His Body to reign during the millennium?

                                                                   Jesus resusitated

Why is it that there are 2,511 promises and prophecies made to Israel and the ten tribes, and only 750 to Judah, if the Jews are all that there is left of Israel? What disposition is to be made of the promises to Israel? Why has the Church spiritualized the promises to Israel and transferred them to Judah and the Church?

Why do Church leaders persist in calling Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and the ten tribes of Israel, Jews, when it is clear that only descendants of Judah are properly so-called? The term “Jew” was never applied to Israel, and does not appear in the Bible until 100 years after the separation of the tribes.

Why do anti-Anglo-Israelites persist in claiming that the Jews are all of Israel, when the genealogies given in Ezra and Nehemiah of the 42,000 who returned were only from the tribes of Judah and Benjamin? The ten tribes were outside of the Roman Empire in A.D. 70, according to Josephus, who says they were a very great company without number. Why do opponents of Anglo- Israel insist on all the curses pronounced upon Israel being fulfilled literally, and the blessings conferred either upon the Church or Judah?

Why do our opponents not recognize the fact that the seven times pronounced upon Israel (the Ten Tribes) was completed in 1799, just 2,520 years after their taking away to Babylon by Shalmaneser in 721 B.C., their restoration, therefore, should begin at that time and continue until the return of Christ, when He, whose right it is, should take the throne? Why do they not see that Judah’s punishment should begin 135 years later, and end correspondingly, i.e., in 1935?

Why do they not see that the promises made to Israel were far more extensive, and just as sure of fulfillment as those made to Judah? Is it not unsound exegesis to literalize the curses to Israel and spiritualize her blessings and transfer them to the Church? If the curses were literal and earthly, why not the promised blessings?

When Jesus said unto the Jews: “Your house is left unto you desolate,“ and “The kingdom shall be taken from you and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof” to whom did He give it but to the ten tribes of Israel, who were then in part settled in the Isles afar off with a descendant of David upon the throne through Tea Tephi, Zedekiah’s elder daughter, thus fulfilling God’s promise to David that he would never lack a man to sit upon the throne. The ten tribes were still residing in great numbers around the shores of the Caspian and Black Seas. Immediately following A.D.70, these tribes began their trek westward, continuing until A.D.1066, when the Normans arrived, they being the escaped tribe of Benjamin whom God loaned to Judah for a time that “He might always have a light before him.”

In the third chapter of Jeremiah note especially verse 11, which says, “And the Lord said unto me, The backsliding Israel hath justified herself more than treacherous Judah.” Therefore the ten tribes are not as guilty as Judah, and would consequently receive less severe punishment and would likely precede Judah in their restoration by 135 years.

God said the ten tribes would be hidden, even unknown to themselves; known by another tongue; scattered among the nations, but not mixed with them. Is that not true of the Anglo-Saxons and of no other nations?


Brit-Am in Hebrew means 'Covenant of the People' of Israel. Covenant People are descendants of Jacob, i.e. 'Twelve Tribes of Israel' - which encompasses peoples from the House of Judah and the House of Ephraim (Southern and Northern Kingdoms of Israel).

Who are the Lost Ten Tribes?

    The "Lost Ten Tribes" were the Tribes of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, often called the "House of Joseph", or 'Ephraim'.  After the Kingdom of Israel was divided into the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the Southern Kingdom of Judah, the two Houses, the House of Judah to the south, and the House of Joseph to the North were divided. Soon the House of Joseph was carried away into captivity and came to be known as "the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel." The House of Judah remained and came to be known as "Jews."

Yair Davidiy's thoroughly documented research has shown that the Lost Ten Tribes, which had been transplanted to the outskirts of Assyria came to be known as the Iskigula (Exiles of Isaac).  These Iskigulu or Scythians are known to have migrated northward and made their way into Europe to become the Saxons (Saksons) and other groups. Davidiy's research has shown that other tribal groups of the Lost Ten Tribes also emerged in Europe under names similar to those of the Tribes of Israel, such as: Gallic (Galileans); Danes (Dans); Cimereans (Simeons); Nephtalites (Naphtalis); Goths/Godos (Gads - "Gad" is pronounced in Hebrew as "God"); Sabulongoi (people ('goi') of Zebulon). After carefully tracing the migrations of the Tribes Mr. Davidiy has concluded that each of the Tribes generally came to be associated with a different national group in the following manner:

The Messianic Movement and the Return of the Lost Tribes


Lost House of Israel waking up
Darkness is gathering back to the land of Shinar. And the light is gathering in Israel.

God is simply separating the light from the darkness. The light will come together in Israel and the Darkness will begin to coalesce around a rebuilt Babylon after World War 3. The good news is that even though America goes down there is a new world of the free called Israel.

So Babylon is coming together and there is not much that can be done about it.

Our job is simply to obey Yeshua and keep his commandments and wait patiently for His coming.

Unfortunately many Christians are waiting for a Rapture out of Chaos and Tribulation. But the bride must make herself ready to meet the groom (this is a work of God’s spirit where the Torah is being written upon the bride’s heart. Paul the Apostle will present a spotless Bride to the Lamb of God.) The Church in America and elsewhere is far from spotless, and much of the prophesying body of Messiah is in full blown apostasy and spiritual harlotry. There will be no rapture in America to Yeshua. This is not the time. God must bring judgement upon a sleeping Laodicean Church and save the overcomers. And if we are not obedient to Torah we wont escape judgement when it comes in the form of World War 3. And we won’t escape judgement if we are full of pride and head knowledge. Unfortunately there is a baptism we must all soon pass through, the scourge of another world war between Islam and the West. And the NAZI’s have not gone away either and they will wreak their Amalekitish havoc as the rest of Jacob returns to the land of Israel as America falls apart and war erupts in the middle east.

There is hope though, because the God of Israel keeps covenant, we can be safe under the hem of his garment if we keep the faith Yeshua HaMashiach the Son of God and the commandments of YHVH. The sign between Israel and her God is the Sabbath day. And if we keep the Sabbath and the Torah then he is bound by his covenantal promise to return us to the land (Deut 30).

So the world is about to change. We will see further economic collapse leading to rioting and a heavy handed draconian police state. At the same time war will break out in the Middle East and the world as we know it will change forever. We shall see massive famine and death in our once peaceful and prosperous lands. These events will bring about the destruction of the world in its present form and the emergence of last days Babylon and a regathered Israel.

America and Australia, New Zealand will soon see the cruel destruction of much of what is left of professing Laodicean Christendom. These events will lead to the Exodus of a Torah observant Yeshua following remnant of the 10 lost tribes of the House of Israel from America and Australia and wherever else they are scattered. These remnants of the lost tribes will return to rebuild an enlarged Greater Israel after uniting with the remnant of the House of Judah (the Jews) after a devastating war in the Middle East with the Muslim Arabs and their friends. The Jews in the modern state of Israel will have also suffered a Civil War between the old secular (Political Zionists) and the religious Zionists in Judea. So both the Jews (House of Judah) and the 10 lost tribes (House of Israel) that are mixed with Esau in America and Australia etc will have suffered similar birth-pangs.

But the good news is that last days Babylon will fall!

Soon will come redemption, restoration and reunification of both houses of Israel (house of Israel/Christianity and the house of Judah/Judaism) in a style that can be easily understood by both houses.

Mesihim: Followers of Messiah (Christians)

Messianic Judaism (Many believe the Lost Tribes are among Christians with little specifying if at all ) & some of their links:

The Land of Sinim

There are some bible teachers that believe that Australia may be the land of ‘Sinim’ (סינים) mentioned in Isaiah 49:13.

Isaiah 49:11-13  And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted.  12  Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.  13  Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.

This verse is important because it clearly states that Israel shall be regathered from the land of Sinim. So it would be good if we could identify it.

                                                                 Pedro de Quirós

Interestingly the Latin vulgate translation of the Old Testament scriptures translates ‘Sinim’ as ‘terra australi’. ‘Australi’ means ‘south land’.

According to Australian Christian, Col Stringer, The Roman Catholic Sea Captain ‘Pedro Ferdinand de Quiros’ also named Australia after this Latin translation of Isaiah.

Others say it refers to China (called Sin in Chinese). Perhaps there is a relationship between both China and Australia regarding this prophecy of the return of the lost tribes from the land of Sinim as I will explain.

In any case we know for a fact that Joseph’s seed will be at the ends of the Earth and in the land of Sinim (wherever that finally is determined to be).

If China (Sinim) invades Australia (also Sinim) then the lost tribes may be taken captive into China on their way back to the promised land. So perhaps the fact that theologens cant decide which country it is is because both land's are joined at the hip prophetically.

In any case, invasion is coming and all the wicked of the house of Israel will be cut off as per Ezekiel 34 etc. Meanwhile America will also be invaded and experience similar catastrophes. God will gather the lost tribes with 'fury poured out' (Ezekiel 20:34).

Was the Eridanus River in Ancient Europe Named After the Jordan? 


The origins of the name of the Rh'e are well-known: the word Rh'e comes from the Latin Rhodanus which itself comes from the Greek Rhodanos. For years the Rh'e was referred to by the Celtic name Eridan which was used as a name for numerous European rivers, including the Elba, the Rhine, and the P' Eridan was a generic name used as a reference to the torrential speed of the waters.

Herodotus (5th century BC) writes in Book 3 of his Histories:

"...for I cannot accept the story of a river called by non-Greek peoples the Eridanus, which flows into the northern sea, where amber is supposed to come from.......Yet it cannot be disputed that tin and amber do come to us from what one might call the ends of the earth... [tin from Britain, amber from the Baltic sea]. In any case it does seem to be true that the countries which lie on the circumference of the inhabited world produce the things which we believe to be most rare and beautiful."

The holy isle of Elektris", named for elektron, "amber", off the mouth of the Eridanos, was reached by the Argonauts, who were fleeing from the Colchians, in Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica, Book IV; their return trip from Colchis, in which they passed "the farthest reaches of the stream Eridanos" (iv.597), cannot be made to coincide with actual geography.

Myth tells us that amber originated from the tears shed by the Heliades (maybe Cetus) that flowed into the river Eridanus. The tertiary forests of the Baltic sea area contains 90% of the world's amber which is the best amber in the world. This is one certain identification we can make for Eridanus.

Brit-Am Comment: Were was the Eridanus? Whe Rhone (in France), Rhine, Elbe? Perhaps its was a conflation of them all?

The Jordan River in Israel in Hebrew is called Yardan or Yordan. One of its sources is at the Springs of Dan in the north. The Sages (Talmud Berachot 55:a)interpreted the name Yardan to indicate "Yored me-Dan" i.e. comes down from Dan. Yored-Dan and Eridan sound very similar.

Why Jews Should Support Brit-Am?

Colonies of the Ten Tribes should be encouraged around the periphery of the State of Israel: in Jordan, Egypt, Saudia, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, and Iraq and Cyprus. Judah should actively participate in promoting this knowledge amongst those for whom it pertains.

It was prophesied that towards the end times the Jews would tell the Ten Tribes who they were and being the process of their return.

Yalkut Shimeoni on Shir HaShirim (Song of Solomon)
These are the Ten Tribes. . The exiles of Judah and Benyamin [i.e. the present-day "Jews"] are destined to go unto them and bring them back in order to merit with them the Messianic Era and life in the World-To-Come. This is as it says, 'In those days the house of Judah shall go unto the house of Israel and they shall come together out of the land of the north unto the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers' (Jeremiah 3:18).

-Yalkut Shimeoni, Song of Solomon 905.

Without the Return of the Ten Tribes the Redemption and Spiritual Reinvigoration of Judah Himself will be lacking!

Ezekiel (37:15-28) saw the return of the Ten Tribes as an indispensable requirement for the deliverance of Israel and Judah.

ASHER = BALTICS: Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia 

ASHER: #836 happy, blessed, honest, proper, level, right, full of happiness.
'Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher'.

Asher was the son of Leah's handmaiden, Zilpha. #2153 Zilpah {zil-paw}: from an unused root apparently mean to trickle, as myrrh; Zilpah = 'a trickling', the Syrian given by Laban to Leah as a handmaid, a concubine of Jacob, mother of Asher and Gad. Interesting to note the reference to Myrrh: MYRRH = #3910 myrrh is an aromatic gum exuded by the leaves of the rock rose.

We’re talking major cookie here: MYRRH IS VERY MUCH LIKE AMBER IN APPEARANCE and is found in both Zilpha's territories, Russia and the Baltics. ‘Myrrh is a reddish brown resin formed from tree sap’ - actually, it has more of an orange color if you ask me. Amber is a fossilized resin  from tree sap that has turned to stone over millions of years. ‘Resin is the 'semi-solid amorphous organic substance secreted in pockets and canals through epithelial cells of a plant.' What Ever! The fossil resin becomes incorporated into sediments and soils, which over millions of years, changes into rock. Amber is found in the countries of Asher, which should bring good luck and happiness to the wearer, so get yourself a piece of amber and wear it as a charm or jewelry.

'Let Asher be blessed with children: let him be acceptable to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil.' Asher's descendants can be found among the world's population of Baltic peoples, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania - of which there are many. The oil that Asher finds is Amber. By-products include amber oil and amber varnish, which are used to make high quality paints and varnishes, but Amber is much more than varnish, it is called Baltic Gold, and the gemstones of Amber are beautiful to behold.

'Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties'. Latvia has always been a leading trade route stop, and today this country has one of the fastest growing economies in Europe. From the 'gemstone' of Amber, the Latvians make beautiful pieces of jewelry that are much loved by women, and many beautiful pieces are often used as jewels in royal brooches. These brooches and pendants have adorned many a queen’s attire.

'Thousands of years ago people were fascinated by the extraordinary, inexplicable properties of the golden pebbles found on beaches and in coastal forests. The stone burnt when cast into the fire, exuding a pleasant resinous smell and aromatic smoke, and when rubbed, attracted various small light items towards itself as if by magic. The stone interior would often hide small-undamaged plants and insects, which must also have found their way inside by magic. That sufficed to arouse the curiosity of primitive man, with admiration & respect for this unusual gem. It is no wonder man started attributing magical powers to amber.'

Many species of trees are responsible for creating Amber, but the main source of fossil resin is still a mystery. The amber-yielding pine 'PINUS SUCCINIFERA’ was described as the mother tree of Baltic Amber - the earliest known of fossil resins.

'Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.” Asher's three counties lay along the Baltic Sea, the 'breaches' are havens along the shore. The Baltic Sea has only one outlet that joins the Ocean, near Denmark, so the waters of the Baltic Sea take 35 years to refresh itself.

'Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher'. The daughters are the sister nations - Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. Together they sang their way to independence from the Soviet Regime. The Singing Revoltion lasted for four years, beginning in the late 1980's, and consisted of massive demonstrations of protest. In 1989, nearly two million people joined hands to form a continuous human chain across the three sister countries, called the 'Baltic Way'. They were successful, gaining their independence in 1991, and they have been happy ever since. And so goes the heart of Asher.

The tribe of Asher had a woman prophetess, her name was Anna. Luke 2:36 ‘And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity.’

Asher's daughter, Serach, is the only granddaughter of Jacob mentioned in the Bible.{Gen. 46:17] The meaning of the name 'Serach' is the same as for 'Sarah', meaning princess, and abundance. On his deathbed, Jacob blesses Asher by saying that his land would produce 'rich bread' and 'dainties' [Genesis 49:20]. Asher comes from the Hebrew word Osher meaning 'happy”. Asher played a role in the plot to sell his brother Joseph into slavery. Asher, his four sons and daughter, later settled down in Egypt. Interesting to note, that Andis Kaulins, of makes many similarities between the ancient Egyptians and the Latvians.

Latvia's latitude is 57 degrees N at Riga, the capital and largest city, of Latvia. It seems this prized Latvian territory, because of its strategic geographical location, has always been invaded by larger 'bully' nations.

'The Letts, as they were once called (after whom the country was also once called Lettland), were conquered and Christianized by the 'Livonian Brothers of the Sword' during the 13th century. Their country formed the southern part of Livonia until 1561, when the order disbanded and its grand master became the first duke of Courland, a vassal duchy under Polish suzerainty. In 1629, Sweden conquered Livonia (except for Latgale), which it lost in turn to Russia in 1721. With the first (1772) and third (1795) partitions of Poland, Latgale and Courland also passed to Russia. Slightly more than half of the population consists of Letts and of the closely related Latgalians (both widely known as Latvians today). About one third of the people are Russians, and there are Belarussian, Ukrainian, Lithuanian, and Polish minorities

The territory was once a famous trading route "from the Vikings to the Greeks", traveling the river Daugava.  Latvia's seacoast in Europe was especially known as a place for obtaining amber - of all things. Not the oil you were expecting? Latvians are laughing all the way to the bank because their prophecy concerning 'dipping their feet in oil' has blossomed splendidly in the form of oil resin from the trees. Amber comes 'trickling', as in Zilpha from the fossiled ancient trees.

Amber, the fossilized resin of ancient trees, is formed by pressure and and a whole lot of time. Many species of trees are responsible for creating Amber, but the main source of fossil resin is still a mystery. The amber-yielding pine 'PINUS SUCCINIFERA', was described as the mother tree of Baltic Amber - the earliest known fossil resins.

 In the Baltic region, for the ancient Romans and ancient Greeks, ( Homer), amber was used for jewelry, medicine, and as a stone for spiritual healing. Plinius once said, "a small carved statue of amber is more expensive than a slave". The name 'amber'  is derived from an old Arabic word "anbar"). To the French it is: ambre, English: amber, Deutsch: Bernstein, Danish: rav, Greek: elektron (if you rub amber on a cloth it becomes charged with negative electricity/ that's the origin of the word electricity).

Latvia's most ancient inhabitants (some 4000 years ago), were built on the larger scale, as far as stature goes - shall we say size 1X - 3X, guess they would need to shop at the 'Tall Man/Big Man' stores along the Baltic Sea for their kilts. Not only were their frames large, they had big heads too. From what I read, the skulls of these early peoples, discovered from ancient cemeteries recently found, were large with a distinctly oblong shape. They also had broad, high faces and protruding noses. Massive, broad-faced peoples dominated northern and northeastern Europe, while gracile, narrow-faced forms are found most often in Middle Europe and the continent's southeastern areas. The largest people in the world are Nordic.  "As is at present accepted by nearly all anthropologists, the shape of the head is the most stable characteristic of a given race". Sometime during the Atlantic period, narrow-faced populations gradually moved into northern and northeastern directions; reaching the Baltic region only during the Bronze Age. The first settlements of Latvian ancestors naturally settled along the Baltic coast - they had to stop once they reached the Sea.

The language of these Baltic dwellers belong to the Indo-European language family. But you can't rely on language alone. The Baltic languages are divided into Eastern Baltic and Western Baltic languages. There are only two 'live' Baltic languages today - the Latvian and the Lithuanian language, both belonging to Eastern Baltic languages.

On this chart you will see the close similarities of Egyptians, Jews (from Poland), and the Latvian peoples.
Before World War I there were about 190,000 Jews in the territories of Latvia (7.4% of the total population). During the war years, many of them were expelled to the interior of Russia, while others escaped from the war zone. In 1920 the Jews of Latvia numbered 79,644 (5% of the population). After the signing of the peace treaty between the Latvian Republic and the Soviet Union on Aug. 11, 1920, repatriates began to return from Russia; these included a considerable number of Jewish refugees. By 1925 the Jewish population had increased to 95,675, the largest number of Jews during the period of Latvia's existence as an independent state. After that year the number of Jews gradually decreased, and in 1935 had declined to 93,479 (4.8% of the total). The causes of this decline were emigration by part of the younger generation and a decline in the natural increase through limiting the family to one or two children by the majority. Between 1925 and 1935 over 6,000 Jews left Latvia (the overwhelming majority of them for Erez Israel), while the natural increase only partly replaced these departures. The largest communities were Riga with 43,672 Jews (11.3% of the total) in 1935, Daugavpils with 11,106 (25%), and Libau (Liepaja) with 7,379 (13%). 

    The region was conquered and Christianized by the Livonian Knights (13th century) and later fell to Poland (1561), Sweden (1629), and Russia (1721-95). German merchants and landowners had reduced the population to servitude, but in 1819 serfdom was abolished. Russian replaced German as the official language in 1885. Latvia became independent in 1920 but was forcibly annexed by the USSR in 1940. It was occupied (1941-44) by the Germans in World War II. After the war Latvia was returned to Soviet rule, and the economy was nationalized. In 1990 the Latvian parliament voted in favor of independence from the Soviet Union. Following the attempted coup (1991) against Soviet President Gorbachev the Soviet government recognized Latvia's independence, but the withdrawal of troops was not completed until 1994 (by Russia). In 1993 Latvia signed a free-trade agreement with Estonia and Lithuania. Guntis Ulmanis became president in 1993. 

Joseph and Benjamin to Rule Over Gentile Nations

The Division of Power! Benjamin and Joseph to Rule Over Gentiles, Judah Over Israel!

The following notes are derived from the work of Rabbi Fishel Mael. He brings sources for everything said below. Our own understanding and opinion do not necessarily coincide. 

Joseph and Benjamin were both the sons of Rachel and Jacob.

In the book "Machshavot Charutz" from Rabbi Tzaddok HaKohen of Lublin (1823-1900).

The Power of Joseph is amongst the Gentiles for over them was the main emphasis of his rule. Joseph represents the conquest of evil desires. These parallel the forces of the Gentiles in their hearts. The Power of Judah was over his brothers. Judah represents the ability to overcome the imperfections that each of his brothers had.

The Rulership (in Hebrew: Malcut) of the Children of Rachel, especially of Joseph, concerns the Gentiles. Joseph ruled over Egypt and other peoples. Mordecai (in the Book of Esther) from the Tribe of Benjamin became the second in command to the King of Persia. The task of the Children of Rachel (i.e. the Tribes of Joseph and Benjamin) is to fight against Edom (Esau). Joshua son of Nun from the Tribe of Ephraim fought against the nations of the World and Amalek. So (in their own way) did King Saul and Mordecai both of whom came from Benjamin.

The primary Rulership of Judah is internal. They were to rule over Israel alone. The task of David and Solomon (who came from Judah) is to establish the Kingdom of Israel on its own and to build the Temple.

In the future the Task of the Messiah son of Joseph will be to save Israel from the Gentiles.

On the other hand, the Task of the Messiah son of David will be to rule over Israel and to bring Complete Redemption. 

In the Future Redemption, may it come speedily in our days, at first the Messiah son of Joseph will come to save Israel as it says: The house of Jacob shall be a fire, And the house of Joseph a flame [Obadiah 1:18]: The seed of Esau can only be destroyed by the Messiah son of Joseph. But the Messiah son of Joseph will be killed by heathen Gentiles who will once again come up to Jerusalem. Complete Redemption can only come through the Messiah son of  David as explained in several places. 

On the Feast of Succoth seventy bulls were sacrificed: one for each of the major peoples of the world. This was in order that we pray that the Knowledge (that we receive on Succoth) spread to all nations. This is associated with the Children of Rachel.

A certain  parallelism exists between Joseph and Yavan (Javan, Hellenistic Greece). The two bodies show both similarities and antithetical attributes to each other. They counter-balance each other. One is the negation of the other. The essence and conduct of the Children of Rachel possess an inner beauty. This was paralleled by the excellency of Ancient Greece. There was a chance that Ancient Greece accept influence from the Children of Rachel and rectify itself.

Is the Great Seal of the USA a Masonic Symbol?

The Great Seal is probably not derived from Masonic symbolism but even if it was it would not matter much.

Contrary to Popular Belief and masonic imaginings Freemasonry as we know it only really began in the 1700s. The early adherents of Freemasonry were middle-class intellectuals steeped in the same ideas and interests as the Founding Fathers of the USA. They could quite easily have both identified with the same principles and seen significance in the same symbols without necessarily having belonged to the same clubs.

But if they did (and I doubt it), what of it? The important thing is the actual symbol that was chosen and its significance from a Brit-Am perspective. 

The reverse side of the Great Seal of the U.S.A. (as depicted in the Dollar bill) shows a pyramid, and a single-eye said to suggest the eye of Providence. A PYRAMID is also a typical representation of Egypt and according to Oral Tradition (Numbers Rabah 2;5) the Tribe of Joseph had a picture of Egypt for their Tribal Standard. When you see a pyramid you think of Egypt. 

The eye above the pyramid also is connected to Joseph according to the Hebrew Bible. 

“CORN AND WINE” – agricultural bounty. The nations we have identified as containing significant numbers of Israelites all dwell in areas that have beneficial climates, envigorating environments, and fertile soils. "THE FOUNTAIN OF JACOB": In Hebrew "Ayin Yaacob" which can also mean "the Eye of Jacob" perhaps referring to the All-Seeing Eye of Providence depicted on the US Great Seal? 

[Genesis 49:22] JOSEPH IS A FRUITFUL BOUGH, EVEN A FRUITFUL BOUGH BY A WELL; WHOSE BRANCHES RUN OVER THE WALL: "A FRUITFUL BOUGH": In Hebrew "Ben Porat" which can also mean "A Powerfully Fertile Son" or "A Son of Power". In the Hebrew Bible when several meanings are possible it is often deliberate and ALL the different meanings are intended. "BY A WELL in 
Hebrew: "ali ayin" which can also mean above (al) the eye (ayin). 
We thus have a "Powerful Son" overseen by the Eye of Providence as depicted on the Great Seal overlooking the Pyramid (Picture of Egypt) symbol of Joseph ( Midrash Numbers Rabah 2;5). 

The unfinished pyramid (in Egypt) that was used as a model also has the 'eye'on the upper level, and more interesting is - it has 13 steps. 

The Great Seal is the official sign of sovereignty of the United States of America. It is not a decoration on money nor a symbol that belongs to any special group ­ past or present, covert or overt.

Its story began in 1776, more than a century and a half before it first appeared on the one-dollar bill. Designing the Great Seal involved three committees, six years, and several of America's most gifted founders, representing diverse experiences and points-of-views.

The Great Seal is truly a revolutionary American creation, unique in the world of heraldry and symbolism. ­ an original arrangement of natural elements (eagle, olive branch, stars, cloud, light rays, eye) and universal symbols (pyramid, arrows, shield). Americans should know that the Great Seal is their national emblem. Patriots honor and protect it, just as they do the Flag.

Freemasonry and Members of the Great Seal Design Committees: 1. Definitely a Mason: Benjamin Franklin. 2. Definitely not Masons: John Adams and Charles Thomson. 3. No firm evidence of a Masonic connection, although allegations of such a connection have been noted: Thomas Jefferson, James Lovell, Francis Hopkinson, Arthur Middleton, and John Rutledge. 4. No records at all, so presumably not Masons: Pierre Du Simitie`re, John Morin Scott, William Church Houston, Arthur Lee, Elias Boudinot, and William Barton (although he has at times been confused with another William Barton who was a Mason).

"The Great Seal of the United States is not a Masonic emblem, nor does it contain hidden Masonic symbols. The details are there for anyone to check, who's willing to rely on historical fact, rather than hysterical fiction. The interpretation of the eye on the seal is subtly different from the interpretation used by Masons. The eye in the pyramid is not nor has it ever been a Masonic symbol."

Congress adopted the design for the Great Seal on June 20, 1782 ­ the very same day that its secretary, Charles Thomson submitted his recommendations. His report consists of a blazon (written description in heraldic terms) and his "Remarks and Explanation."

NOTE: It is this written description which is the ultimate source of accuracy for creating an actual die (or illustration) of the Great Seal. In the science of heraldry, the written word is used to precisely describe the appearance of a symbolic diagram.

The Secretary of the United States in Congress assembled to whom were referred the several reports of committees on the device for a great seal, to take order, reports that the Device for an Armorial Achievement & Reverse of the great seal of the United States in Congress assembled is as follows.­

Paleways of thirteen pieces Argent and Gules: a Chief, Azure. The Escutcheon on the breast of the American bald Eagle displayed, proper, holding in his dexter talon an Olive branch, and in his sinister a bundle of thirteen arrows, all proper, & in his beak a scroll, inscribed with this Motto. "E pluribus unum".­

For the Crest
Over the head of the Eagle which appears above the Escutcheon, A Glory, Or, breaking through a cloud, proper, & surrounding thirteen stars forming a Constellation, Argent, on an Azure field.­

A Pyramid unfinished. In the Zenith an Eye in a triangle surrounded with a glory proper. Over the Eye these words "Annuit Coeptis". On the base of the pyramid the numerical letters MDCCLXXVI & underneath the following motto. "novus ordo seclorum"

Thomson's Remarks and Explanation
The Escutcheon [shield] is composed of the chief & pale, the two most honorable ordinaries. The Pieces, paly, represent the several states all joined in one solid compact entire, supporting a Chief, which unites the whole & represents Congress. The Motto alludes to this union. The pales in the arms are kept closely united by the chief and the Chief depends upon that union & the strength resulting from it for its support, to denote the Confederacy of the United States of America & the preservation of their union through Congress.

The colors of the pales are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valor, and Blue, the colour of the Chief signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice. The Olive branch and arrows denote the power of peace & war which is exclusively vested in Congress. The Constellation denotes a new State taking its place and rank among other sovereign powers. The Escutcheon is born on the breast of an American Eagle without any other supporters to denote that the United States of America ought to rely on their own Virtue.­

Reverse. The pyramid signifies Strength and Duration: The Eye over it & the Motto allude to the many signal interpositions of providence in favour of the American cause. The date underneath is that of the Declaration of Independence and the words under it signify the beginning of the new American ?ra, which commences from that date.­

* Glossary of Heraldic Terms used in the Blazon: argent = silver * azure = blue * chief = top part of the shield * dexter = right * gules = red * or = gold or yellow * paly, paleways, pales = vertical stripes on the shield * proper = the element's natural color * sinister = left

At the very beginning of Brit-Am we had good contacts with "British-Israel" and  other organizations in the UK. These contacts were promising at first but then in effect ceased to develop: Out of the  organizations: 1. "British -Israel": We heard that anti-semitic elements in British-Israel  were dissatisfied with a Jewish connection. With the publication of "Ephraim" further dissatisfaction developed. On a personal level we did make some friends among these people but they ceased to promote our publications. 2. Another organization sold himself out to Nazis so we ceased contact. 3. A third just became quiescent. 4. The head of a fourth decided with his family to convert to Judaism and for the time being should not necessarily complicate matters by emphasizing his agreement with Brit-Am.

There were other groups and individuals who seemed promising and we will attempt to revitalise our connection with them. (If we ever receive funding we will advertise Brit-Am in select publications in the UK).

The Tribe of Benjamin are the Normans

                                               Final Separation of Benjamin from Judah

As the Benjamites lived at the northern extremity of the country, there was considerable emigration through the centuries, as is well known, over the northern frontier, through Syria, into the south-eastern provinces of Asia Minor which lay nearest to Palestine, namely, Cappadocea, Galatia and Cilicia. In fact, it was at Tarsus, the principal city of Cilicia, that the greatest of all Benjamites was born—the Apostle Paul. Finally, during the terrible Roman Wars of the first century emigration greatly increased.

Herbert Hannay's book, European and Other Race Origins, included ancient records that "representatives of Benjaminites spread over the whole length and breadth of Asia Minor." (p. 467) The Bible indicates that Israelites were living in Asia Minor during the Apostolic era. The book of I Peter begins by addressing "God's People [marginal reading in the KJV] scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia." The term "Galatia" indicated the same people as the "Gaul's" of Europe.

Then,  A.D. 70 witnessed the complete separation of Benjamin from the tribe of Judah. The Benjamites had received their "marching orders" beforehand from the Prophet Jeremiah, and again from Christ. When the foretold circumstances came to pass at the Siege of Jerusalem, the Benjamites accordingly obeyed their previously delivered instructions and fled the country.

"O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Beth-haccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction...Behold, a people cometh from the north country, and a great nation shall be raised from the sides of the earth.

"They shall lay hold on bow and spear; they are cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth like the sea; and they ride upon horses, set in array as men for war against thee, O daughter of Zion." (Jer 6:1, 22-23). The King of the North as indicated by Daniel is the Roman Empire that would exist at the time of Jesus, (see Daniel 11:30-35). At that time God would, "set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken." (Jer 6.v.17). Jesus told the church to "Watch,"  and "pray" always, because, "As for these things which ye behold, the days will come, in the which there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down." (Luke 21:6). This was the siege of Jerusalem Jesus spoke of. The church warned Judah, Levi and Benjamin fulfilling Jeremiahs prophecy, but Judah and Levi did not heed.

Now even before the siege, Titus allowed people to escape, "for Titus let a great number of them go away into the country, whither they pleased." (Jewish War 5:10:1) The followers of Jesus who were Galilean/Benjamites obeyed and fled to Pella, migrating eventually to Asia Minor to join their fellow Benjamites. 

Most Benjamites from Galilee fled to Asia Minor Christian or non-Christian due to the fact that when Rome attacked it, it was the Feast of Tabernacles when all families from Judah and Benjamin would have been there. They would have fled to Asia Minor because families of fellow Benjamites would have taken them in. W.H.M Milner says in his, “Israel’s Wanderings”, states: “The Asiatic Christians (of Asia Minor) of the first two centuries were mainly of the Tribe of Benjamin.” What happened to Benjamin from this point on?

The Dacians

According to Jewish Medieval tradition it said that the Tribe of Benjamin had gone into into the Balkan region. The migrations of Benjamin out of Galilee into Asia Minor, landed them mostly in Thrace. Also due to the fact that the Persians "pushed" the Parthians into Armenia due to their fall, which caused more migrations of Benjamin North into Dacia. The Dacians and Getae were always considered as Thracians by the ancients and were both said to speak the same Thracian language.

The region of Dacia is in the Balkans, called Romania and Bulgaria today. " Unfortunately, in course of time in their new environment, in Dacia, they [Benjamin] gradually lapsed from the true faith".

According to Strabo, the original name of the Dacians was daoi. A tradition preserved by Hesychius informs us that daos was the Phrygian word for "wolf." P. Kretschmer had explained daos by the root dhäu, "to press, to squeeze, to strangle. (as the wolves use the neck bite to kill their prey)" The city of Daous-dava, in Lower Moesia, between the Danube and Mount Haemus, literally meant "village of wolves." Formerly, then, the Dacians called themselves "wolves" or "those who are like wolves".

The Dacian Draco [drako] was the standard and ensign of troops of the ancient Eastern European Dacian people, which can be seen in the hands of the soldiers of Decebalus in several scenes depicted on Trajan's Column in Rome, Italy. It has the form of a dragon with open wolf-like jaws containing several metal tongues.

Jacob said, "Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil." (Gen 49:27). So the tribe of Benjamin became know as the Dacians, and they dwelt in the Balkans, but what happened to the Dacians?

In the tenth century Dudo, who wrote the earliest history of the Normans, plainly says they were the Dacians from the Balkans and ended up in Denmark and Norway. Also "Duchesne, who collected the Norman Chronicles in the 17th century, states that the Normans were Dacians."  The Dacians became the Normans. The name Norman means, "Northman" Men of the North. Wolves are common in northern climates, Benjamin being a wolf in the prophecy, indicates that Benjamin's territory would be in the North. The Norman, "William the Conqueror bore a wolf on his standard".

Interesting, in Scotland, where the Normans dwelt, we find name "Ross" A tribe of Benjamin is called "Rosh." In Normandy, "The area of Normandy in France settled by them had previously belonged [earlier Norman migration] to the NAMNETES who derived their name from Naaman, a son of Benjamin. Since the '-etes' Namnetes is a suffix the names are in effect identical." Eventually the Normans expanded their empire into Britain, Sicily, and were part of the Crusades. Godfroi de Bouillon (ca.1099), Crusader King of Jerusalem, claimed descent from Benjamin.

Left Handed-The Vikings "trained themselves in sword fighting using the left hand. Some have recorded that the Vikings fought well with the left hand as well as the right." (ibid, p.11). The characteristic of left handedness and being ambidextrousness can only be found with the tribe of Benjamin as a whole in Judges 3:15, 22 and Judges 20:16. In 1 Chronicles 12:1-2 it says, "Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war....They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benjamin."

Moses wrote, "And of Benjamin he said, The beloved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by him; and the LORD shall cover him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders." (Deut 33:12). God offers protection and safety to Benjamin. In the Gospels and the book of Acts, the Lord protected his people from the onslaught of the Jews and Romans, especially in the siege of Jerusalem by the armies of Titus, as Jeremiah and Jesus prophesied.But what of Dwelling "between his shoulders"? There is a double meaning. The JFB Commentary says, "that is, on his sides or borders." The Pulpit Commentary says, " to be carried on the back; (cf. 1Sa_17:6) and as a father might thus bear his child," The God of Israel is with Joseph and Benjamin. Psalm 80 says, "Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth....Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh stir up thy strength, and come and save us." (vv.1-2). Notice Benjamin is in the middle. Genesis 49 writes that Joseph is helped by God and God dwells among them, "from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:" (v.24). Benjamin dwells between the shoulders of Joseph, Ephraim (Britain, Canada) and Manasseh (USA). His borders are protected by God through Joseph. Benjamin is "carried on his back" like a father to a child. Today the Tribe of Benjamin is protected in the realm of the British, though distinct and separate are still protected. Quebec throughout its history has been helped by Ephraimite Canada, and many of its Prime Ministers have been from Norman (Benjaminite) Quebec, hence ruling with God!

"Of Benjamin he said: 'The Beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by Him...And he shall dwell between his shoulders"' (Deuteronomy 33:12 NKJV)

Is the Great Seal a Masonic or Pagan Emblem? 

I doubt it but let us suppose, theoretically, that the symbol really does have roots in pagan or Masonic symbolism. (a) Pagan antecedents? It is forbidden to use pagan symbols only so far as that is their exclusive or major use. Symbols that pagans adopted or that once were associated with paganism but no longer are used by pagans would thus be permitted especially since the pagan origins are controversial and other explanations have been forward and are accepted, e.g. It is said that the "eye" represents Divine Providence, etc. (b) Freemasons: Several different types of freemasons exist. Those among the founding fathers of the USA who were freemasons were independently minded people who believed in God and in doing good. They were not sinister. On the other hand Advocates of Conspiracy Theories who attack the Great Seal etc may have sinister agendas as proven by their associates and notions. The Great Seal depicts a pyramid surmounted by an eye on one side. On the other side is an eagle with thirteen stars on top grouped in the form of the Star of David.

The official symbols of the U.S.A (as seen on a Dollar Bill) arused on the Great Seal which has a Shield and a Pyramid. The Shield of the U.S.A. contains the motto: "Out of many, one" (E Pluribus Unum). It has 13 Stars and a Shield with 13 stripes and an eagle holding 13 arrows and a 13 leafed olive branch. There were 13 Tribes of Israel. Stars featured in a dream of Joseph son of Israel and were preminiscent of his future greatness. Archery and a bow were connected with the blessing of Joseph given to him by his father Israel (Genesis 50;22-23). The Tribe of Asher was represented by the olive tree. An eagle was one of the symbols of Dan. The eagle has god and bad connotations in the Bible, e.g. "YE HAVE SEEN WHAT I DID UNTO THE EGYPTIANS, AND HOW I BARE YOU ON EAGLES' WINGS, AND BROUGHT YOU UNTO MYSELF" [Exodus 19:4]. The reverse side of the Great Seal of the U.S.A. (as depicted in the Dollar bill) shows a pyramid, and a single-eye said to suggest the eye of Providence. A PYRAMID is also a typical representation of Egypt and according to Oral Tradition (Numbers Rabah 2;5) the Tribe of Joseph had a picture of Egypt for their Tribal Standard. When you see a pyramid you think of Egypt. The U.S.A. has a large and mixed population but it includes a large number from the Tribes of Israel, and the Tribe of Joseph especially the portion of Menasseh seems to be paramount. The Great Seal and its symbolism is about as close as we could possibly want for an array of symbols representing the Lost Tribes of Israel especially those dominated by Joseph.


British Israelite scholars believe the Swedish Gadites are from Gad’s son Haggi/Chaggi due to the linguistic and phonetic parallels, as well as many Viking names made such with such letters and sounds. Who can forget the Sunday comic strip “Hagar the Horrible”? And because of the German-Swedish connection it is believed a portion of the Goths are made up of Gad and Reuben. Goths are said to Gad because holem which makes the sound of “a” in Hebrew was rendered in English as an “o” and the “d” was pronounced as a “th” and thus the transformation of Gad to Goth. 

The French Huguenots from Hugo are believed to be the sons of Haggi as well, like Jews the Huguenots suffered great persecution, expulsion and massacre. 

Gad’s son Shuni has also been a candidate for the Swedish Gadites. Apparently the Swedish-Goths (Gautland) allies were Svea which in Latin is Suiones. Suiones is similar to the Hebrew Shuni whose name in the time of the Judges (12:6) may have been pronounced as Suoni.

Another son of Gad to be in the Scandinavia area is said to be Arodi, because the Aorsi people from north of the Caucasus.

The Harudi from Denmark are believed to be the son of Arodi and the Eruli (Harules) to be Arelis sons.

To break it down, here are the sons of Gad according to British Israelitism:

·         Haggi/Chauci = Hugi Franks and the English Hocings as well as Yinglings of Sweden, Huguenots, Cauci of Iceland.

·         Eri (Geri) = Grani and Greotingl and Goths of Sweden.

·         Shuni = Suiones of Sweden.

·         Arodi = The Hreadgoths and Harudi.

·         Areli = The Eruli or Herules.

·         Ezbon/Ozni = West Germans also known as Frankish Germans. Bastarnae, the Gothic Galatians who went to France. Asting, Hastings from the Vandal group who invaded England and Scotland.

·         Ziphon = Thaifalli, the Gothic allies from Scythia that went to France.


By Steven M. Collins

This column has been stimulated by an extraordinary, even historic event. On September 11, 2001, the United States was heavily attacked by radical Islamic terrorists. The terrorists turned four hijacked airliners into flying Fuel Air Explosive bombs as they utterly destroyed the World Trade Center in New York and badly damaged the Pentagon in Washington DC. The devastation in Manhattan looks like London, Coventry, Berlin or Dresden after they were bombed in World War II! According to one article I read this week, the attack destroyed or damaged 20% of all the office space in New York City and it killed or wounded thousands of Americans! It was the costliest attack upon American soil since our nation was founded.

It now seems apparent the fourth airliner was destined to ram into the Capitol or White House, but heroic efforts by passengers on the doomed flight prevented the terrorists from hitting their target with the fourth aircraft. These passengers were told by spouses and friends via cel-phones about the other hijacked airliners rammed into the World Trade Center, so the passengers decided to sacrifice themselves to save their fellow citizens.

President Bush has rallied our nation which has not been this unified since World War II. He gave a speech to a joint session of Congress setting forth America's determination to wage war on terrorism and those nations, which harbor terrorists. Sitting in the Congressional gallery was a single foreign head-of-state. Tony Blair, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, was present as a symbol of the unequivocal support of the British people for America. As Pres. Bush acknowledged Mr. Blair's presence, he received an ovation from the assembled leadership of the American government (and American citizens watching the speech all over the nation).

Other foreign leaders could have come as well to be a part of the event, but they chose not to do so. Other nations will help America's war on terrorism, of course, but no nation is as supportive as Great Britain. As this column is being written, the news media have shown footage of a British fleet already passing through the Suez Canal on its way to join forces with the gathering US fleet in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea. The British fleet apparently consists of one jump-jet aircraft carrier, an attack submarine and eleven other warships. While other nations will join the coalition for quid-pro-quos or because of shared vital interests, the British support of America goes far deeper.

This mutual support between the British and Americans has a fundamental cause which goes much deeper than sharing a common language or culture. Both Yair Davidy and I have identified the English and American peoples as primarily the descendants of the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, respectively. The British-American alliance is based on the fact that they are truly "brother" nations who descended from the two sons of Joseph: Ephraim and Manasseh. By divine favor, these nations have received the lion's share of the many birthright blessings of the Covenant God made with Abraham long ago. The bond between America and Britain is based on a blood relationship.

We must also not forget that Canada, Australia and New Zealand share the Ephraimite roots of the British. When the airliners were being hijacked and it became necessary to ground all airliners, Canadian airports freely hosted many redirected American airliners. Australia had a contingent of soldiers training in the USA, and the Australian government announced they could be deployed to the Mideast along with the American troops. The USA worked just as closely with Canada, Australia and New Zealand as it did with the British in a global alliance in World War II to liberate Europe and the rest of world from Axis domination.

Of course, America has also supported the British in their times of greatest need. The Americans rallied to the help of Great Britain in both World Wars I and II, turning the tide twice against the Axis powers. This column will demonstrate that this relationship has existed throughout history. This column will mention other instances where the tribe of Manasseh rallied to join the Ephraimites in wars to defeat a common enemy.

After the tribes of Israel were expelled from their ancient homelands in Eretz Israel, they grew mighty and possessed huge populations (Josephus documents this promise in Hosea 1:6-10 had been fulfilled by the 1st century AD). As documented in my book, the relocated tribes of Israel included the Scythians (known also as "Sacae," named after Isaac their forefather), and the Parthians.

The tribe of Manasseh came to be one of the dominant tribes of the Scythians, and the Greeks called them the Massagetae. These Massagetae were located in the Caspian Sea region, and they were, I believe, the descendants of the half-tribe of Manasseh taken captive by the Assyrians in approximately 741 BC when Gilead's tribes were taken by the Assyrians. When the Assyrian Empire fell, those Israelites who were captives were free to migrate elsewhere and they migrated toward the Caspian Sea. These related tribes were known as the Eastern Scythians/Sacae and they were led by the Massagetae. One would expect the birthright tribe of Manasseh to be one of their leading tribes.

These Massagetae were attacked by Cyrus the Great and the Persian Empire in the 6th century BC in an apparent attempt to bring them under a new Persian captivity. Israelites are freedom-loving people and they fought fiercely to prevent any new captivity. Herodotus records that virtually the entire Persian Army died along with King Cyrus himself as the Massagetae gained a total victory.

It is my view that the other half of the tribe of Manasseh migrated to the Black Sea region along with several other tribes just before the final Assyrian invasion, which conquered the city of Samaria. This mass of migrating Israelites established Sacae Scythian kingdoms in the Black Sea region as well as the Kingdom of Iberia (named after Eber, the forefather of the Hebrews) in the Caucasus Mountains.

The Parthian Empire, which rivaled the Roman Empire for centuries, was founded primarily by the tribe of Ephraim. Listed below is an excerpt from one of my new books. The type-face is different and the endnotes dropped out as I "cut and pasted" this text, so the source documents are noted but the page numbers do not appear.

"...Numbers 26:35-36 records that three clans of the Israelite tribe of Ephraim were named the Bachrites, the Eranites, and the Tahanites. The Seleucid province of Bactria, which revolted along with Parthia, bore the name of one of the clans of Ephraim in a Hellenized form. An Israelite origin for Bactria is supported by an account from Richard Frye's book, The Heritage of Persia, which states that the Bactrian language "...was related to Saka, or at least underwent strong influences from Saka tongues." The Persian word "Saka" referred to the Sacae Scythians. The record that the Bactrians welcomed a Scythian ruler who freed them from a Greek satrap, and the fact that the Bactrians shared a linguistic heritage with the Parthians argues that the Bactrians were also Sacae (or Saka) who had descended from the ten tribes of Israel.

Henry Rawlinson, in his book Bactria, states: "there seems to be very little doubt that the population of Bactria was largely Scythian"...[and cites Justin, a classical author, who wrote] "The Bactrian Empire was founded by the Scythians."

Numbers 26:36 also notes that another clan of the tribe of Ephraim descended from Eran and was known as the "Eranites." A group of people known as the Eranians were present in the region of ancient Persia and Parthia. Assyria had transplanted the defenders of Samaria (an Ephraimite city) into "the cities of the Medes." Therefore, we should expect to see Ephraimite names in the Medo-Persian region. The "Eranians" manifested the exact Hebrew name of one of the clans of Ephraim in the area of Medo-Persia. This name has survived into modern times as the English name for modern Persia is Iran. The terms "Iran" and "Eran" are interchangeable. The Encyclopaedia Britannica (1943 Edition), in its Index section, simply states "Eran: see Iran." The capital of Iran, Teheran, also preserves the name of this Ephraimite clan. This book does not assert or imply that modern Iranians are Israelites as it is clear from history that modern Iranians are principally Medo-Persian in racial origins. However, the name "Iran" is derived from the name of a clan of Ephraim, which was placed in Medo-Persian territory by the Assyrians and lived there for many centuries.

Most historical accounts assume that the name "Eran" originated from the term "Aryan." However, historical accounts generally have not considered an Israelite alternative for the origin of the Eranians. Indeed, historical accounts seem unwilling to even look for the large masses of Israelites who were relocated into Asia. The case for an Israelite origin for the Eranians is very strong. Not only are the Eranians found in the correct geographical location where Israelite tribes and clans were placed (Medo-Persia), but there were many other ancient names in that region with an Israelite origin!"

My new book goes on to explain the Ephraimite clan of "Tahan" was known as "Dahan" by the Greco-Romans who wrote about the Parthians. The Ephraimite dominance of the Parthian Empire is clear. Josephus wrote that the ten tribes were "in Asia" and "beyond [the] Euphrates" in his lifetime. The Euphrates River was the border between the Roman and Parthian Empires then, so Josephus was designating that the ten tribes "were in Parthia." Since Ephraim was the chief birthright tribe of the ten tribes of Israel, it is no surprise to find the Ephraimite clans in a leadership role in Parthia.

Indeed, the Greeks often wrote a "p" where we usually find a "b." For example, the Greeks referred to the "Britannic Isles" as the "Pretannic Isles." If we read the "P" in Parthia as a "B," we see the word "Barthia" or "B'rithia" appear as the real name of the Parthian Empire. Herein we easily see the Hebrew word for covenant, "Berith" or "B'rit" (dare we say "Brits?") as forming the basis for the word "Parthia." Ephraim was the chief tribe to inherit the birthright promises of the Abrahamic Covenant. Therefore, the presence of the Hebrew word for "Covenant" is an appropriate name for an empire dominated by Ephraimites.

Many historians have commented that the Scythians and Parthians were related tribes to each other. The Parthian Empire was in direct contact and rivalry with such other empires as the Seleucid Greek Empire and, later, the Roman Empire. The Scythians were more "isolationist" and generally avoided conflict with other nations and empires to their south. ten one great exception is when the Black Sea Scythians invaded and destroyed the Assyrian Empire in the late 7th century BC. There was always one notable exception to their isolationism, however,

When the Parthians were in danger of being defeated by either the Seleucid or Roman Empires, the Sacae of Scythia would often send armies to fight on the side of the Parthians to ensure the Seleucids and Romans were defeated. George Rawlinson's book, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, particularly mentions many of these instances.

Given that the Scythians were dominated by Manasseh and the Parthians by Ephraim, we can see remarkable parallels in these ancient events to those of the 20th century. Even as Manasseh came to the rescue of Ephraim when the Scythians assisted the Parthians in their ancient wars, the same thing happened as the Americans came to the rescue of the British Empire in two World Wars. In the modern world, we have recently seen the Americans and the British team up enthusiastically in the Persian Gulf War and now the new War on Terrorism. They join forces as the brothers they are whenever danger or war comes upon them. As we can see from ancient history, theirs is a natural alliance, which has occurred over and over again in history.

As I conclude this column, we again see the bonds between Ephraim and Manasseh uniting these nations when one of the brother nations is attacked. Other nations of modern Israelite will join the latest alliance yet and so will other non-Israelite nations. However, considerable wheeling and dealing and negotiating will occur before these other nations decide on their contributions to the war effort. However, Tony Blair and the British have once again implemented the blood-brother alliance of Ephraim and Manasseh. While other nations are still deliberating on what to do, the British simply say: "Here we are, what can we do to help?"

There is evidence the modern alliance of Ephraim and Manasseh goes deeper than anyone realizes or acknowledges. The nations of the European Union allege that there exists a secret, worldwide intelligence-gathering operation known as "Echelon." In an article in my home-town newspaper, The Sioux Falls Argus-Leader (a Gannett Newspaper) on September 6th, 2001, it was noted the European Union had voted 367-159 "to adopt 44 recommendations on how to counter Echelon." The article, with a Brussels, Belgium dateline, added that "Echelon is run by the United States in cooperation with Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand."

As those who have read Yair Davidy's book or mine know, the nations comprising the "Echelon" alliance are the modern nations of the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. Echelon appears to be a shadowy, but very real alliance of the entire House of Joseph in the modern world. Is not it interesting that without even knowing their common Israelite origins, these nations have gravitated together into a very close alliance?

As I close this column, I think again of the singular presence of British Prime Minister Tony Blair in the Congressional Gallery as President George Bush addressed the entire government of the United States. His presence spoke volumes. He did not have to be there, but he came anyway in our time of national trouble and challenge. He came because that is what brothers do in a time of crisis.

Speaking from the standpoint of an American, I close this column with a heartfelt appreciation of our brother nation when I say: "God bless the British!"

Israelite clans & families

Shimeon (Simeon) Samnitae (Scythia), Semnoni (Germany, included the Angle-group prior to their invasion of Britain), Simuen (Ireland), Simeni (Wales), Semoni (east Celtic Britain), Samnites  (Brittany Gaul).

Clans of Simeon: Nemuel = Nemetae (Gaul), Nemnetes? (Gaul). Ohad = Headobards (Lombards migrated from Scandinavia to North Italy). Yamin = Yom (Viking group), Ymbrin in Sweden. Ambri moved to Scandinavia and Belgium.Yacin = Euci (Anglo-Saxon Germany), Eucae (Scythia east of Caspian Sea), Euchatae (Scythia), Iceni (Celtic Britain in "Semoni" region: "Iceni" =approximates to the Phoenician-Hebrew rendition of Yacin). Hecani (Anglo-Saxon group). Zerah (Zohar) = Suiar (Holland);. Zarchi = Zaratae (Scythia). Shaul = Silures (Wales).


JOSEPH = Yasubi, Yasubgalli (Zagros Mountains, east of Mesopotamia), Aspioi (Afghanistan), Ysufzi (Tribe of Joseph   Afghanistan), Aspacarae (east of Caspian) Aspassi  (Chorasmia, east of Caspian Sea), Usipetes (from Germany invaded Gaul at  time of Caesar), Swaefi-Suabi from Germany to Holland and
Switzerland), Suebi (equal Suabi), recalled by the same name in east Scythia.

Menasseh = Mannus (legendary ancestor of tribes in Germany who moved to Gaul and Britain),

Clans of Menasseh: Machir = Maracanda, Maruka, Amyrgioi (all east of Caspian Sea), Makran (southern Iran), Skati Marika (name given to Mercians, means "Scyths-from-Maruka" east of the Caspian Sea), Mercia known on the continent as "Myringas", important element amongst Goths and Anglo-Saxons.
Marcomanni in Germany. The name of MACHIR son of Menasseh became (after a simple letter permutation) the name "AMERICA" which therefore may be understood as meaning "Land of Machir".

¨                     Gilead = Galatae (in Gaul), Galadi (name of Galatae), Giladon (in Wales), Caledonians (in Scotland).
¨                     Helek = Heleucones (Germany to Britain), Calucones, (Germany to the west).
¨                     Asriel  = Isari  (Emodian mountains in Scythia, legendary place of sojourn of the Angles, Saxons, and Frisians),. Aorsi (from west Scythia to Scandinavia), Surrey (Saxon England).
¨                     Schechem (Secem)  = Scymbi (east Scythia), Sigambri-Sicambri (Afghanistan, Bactria, from Germany to Gaul).
¨                     Shemida = Soumboi Aggiloi (branch of Angles), Soumboi-Laggobardi (branch of Lombards), Samides (legendary ancestor of Gauls), Saemdag (Scandinavian Ancestral hero).
¨                     Hepher = Hefr (nickname for Gothic warrior). Haeferingas (Middle Saxons in England).
¨                     Jeezer (in Hebrew is pronounced like) Aiezer (Ai-g-azar) = Agathyrsi (became Khazars who converted to Judaism and Picts of Scotland).
Daughters of Zelophahad:
¨                     Tirtsah (Thirtsah) = Thyrsagettae (name for Thysagettae of Scythia, migrated to Scandinavia).
¨                     Milcah = Melicertii in Scythian Caucasus  - Basiloi (Royal =MLC root in name Milcah) of Khazars, Scandinavia, and Royal Scyths.
¨                     Hoglah
¨                     Noah = Neuri of Scythia to Scandinavia, Nervi of Celtic Gaul
¨                     Mahlah
Additional Clan Names of Menasseh based on the Book of Chronicles:
¨                     Sheresh (Seres) = Seres in Serica (East Scythia).
¨                     Peresh (Peres) = Parissi (of Gaul and Britain), Frissi (of Holland and England), Phiressi (Scandinavia), Parsi (Parthians from east of the Caspian and in Iran).
¨                     The name "Peresh" means "separated, sanctified" (cf. Pharisee) which is the same meaning as "Nemed" an ancestor in Irish mythology). When pronounced with a slightly different intonation the name
also connotes horseman= SUS [susmeans horsein Hebrew] = SUESSIONS, (Gaul), Sassi. There was a prince of the Tribe of Manasseh Gaddi the son of Susi (Numbers 13;11).
¨                     Epher = Heartho-Raemes (Scandinavia).
¨                     Jeremiah = Heartho-Raemes (Scandinavia), Raumar (Norway).
¨                     Ishi = Hossi (Scythia, maybe part of Picts and Khazars).
¨                     Azriel (Gazriel) = Gazaria (name of "Khazaria").
¨                     Eliel = Hilleviones (Scandinavia), Elvaones (Vandals,
¨                     Hovadiah (pronouncable as Howadiah) = Eadwine (amongst Mercians of England and Lombards).

                                 British Anglos, British Saxons, British Jutes & British Celts

Mercia in Anglo-Saxon England comprised the largest realm. Mercia derives from Machir. Mercian clans in England included Magonsaete, Nox, Oht gaga, Henrica, Unecinga, Hwicce, Gifel, Spale, and Grywe (Thundy p.105). The Magonsaete have a name that in Hebrew could mean armor-bearers (Magon-Saeti). Other clans of Machir (1-Chronicles 7; 14-17) included Likhi and Aniam (=Unecinga of Mercia)., Shupim =Spale of Mercia., Chupim =Gifel of Mercia.

ISSACHAR = Assakar (Sagartoi - in Iran and Scythia), Sagaruce (Scythia), Sacaraukae (Scythia), Scirri (Galatians), Skirri (Gothic group), Serica (East of Scythia). Tola = Tollund (Denmark) Puvah (i.e. Puni) = Fenni  (Ireland), Vannones (Switzerland), Peones (Swiss), Finni (Finland). Job = Abii -Scythae (east Scythia), Abiis Maurunganie (Saxon group), Ubii  (Holland) Jashub = Suebi (Switzerland). Shimroni = Asmirae (Scythia). Yahmi (Yachmi) = Kym (Finland). Yivsam (Jibsom) = Uusima (Finland). Michael = Mikeli (Finland).

EPHRAIM the "Aegel" (Jeremiah 31:18), = Aegloi, Aggiloi,  Angli (all names of Angles), Augali (north of Bactria.), Aegloi  (Bactria). The word used for "young bull" (i.e. "bullock") in Hebrew is "AEGEL". Historically this very name "Aegel" was a diminutive (favorite nickname) for the ethnic term "Angle". The Angles gave England (i.e. “Angle-land”) its name. Together with the Saxons, Jutes, Vandals, and others the Angles conquered from the Celts the land that was later named England. The Angles were also called “Aegels”. The appellations “Angle” and “Aegel” were employed interchangeably. The Hebrew word for young bull is "Aegel".

Clans of Ephraim*
   Shutelach = Sittones (Scandinavia), Sceald (Ancestor of the Anglo Saxons), Skioldings (Denmark).
   Eran = Eirne (Ireland, Scotland), Irin (Ireland Arran, Mannae in Caucasus), Arri*,  Hirri (Germany-Goths), Granni (Sweden), Garinae (east Scythia). Becher = Bukhara (Bactria-Chorasmia), Boroctuari (invaders of Britain), Bogari (descendants of Ing of the Anglo-Saxons). Tahan-Tahat (another name for Tahan?) = Teuton (Scandinavia), Teutarus (Scythian Representanive), Tencteri (Frankish groups). Tehuni (name for Scythians in east),  Thatagydes (combination of Thata-Teutons and Gydes-Goths in Afghanistan and Sogdiana). Bered = Boradi (Gothic group), Bardi (Sweden), Bordigali (Bordeaux -city of southwest Gaul). Beriah = Portions of the Brigantae (Britain and Celtic Europe), Burgundians (France), Varangians (Vikings and  Khazars), Warings (amongst Anglo-Saxons). Zebed = Cobad (Denmark).

ASHER = Aseir (ancestors of Scandinavians, came from Scythia). Asii  (Scythia), Ansis (leading family of Goths and of Khazars); Aorsi (Scythia),  Asianoi (Scythia, east of Caspian).

Clans of Asher:
¨       Jimnah = Omanoi (Vandal group, Lowland Scotland, England).
¨       Jesui = Heissi (Vandal group, Lowland Scotland, England).
¨       Beriah (Beria-g-h) = Brigantes (Celtic-Britain, Ireland, Gaul,  Switzerland); Brigands (branch of Brigantes); Brygges (Brigantes of Britain and of Phrygia in Anatolia, i.e. ancient Turkey); Boreoi (Vandal group);  Barragos, Variag, Varangians (Vikings in Russia); Varachan (Khazar group in Russia of probable Viking extraction); Warings (Scandinavian group in Anglo-Saxon England).
¨       Heber (Chever) = Caber (Wales), Chabiones (Franks), Ligi and Lygi  [= Celtic groups absorbed by Vandals, both their names may derive form a  word-root meaning "Union" (e.g. "league") which is also the meaning in  Hebrew of the name "Heber"].
¨       Malchiel ("Malchiel", i.e. "God is King") = Royal Scythes, Basiloi  (Khazars), Basilia (Scandinavia), Sakaraukae (in east Scythia).

Chanoch = Chauci, Hugo (Franks, Saxons). Palui (Phalui) = Falia (Phalia in Germany whence the Franks invaded Gaul) Chetsroni = Chassuari (Franks), Istaevones (Sicambri-Franks). Carmi = Carmania (in southern Iran), Crimea (Scythia), Carini (Franks in Gaul) the name of the Thai Israelite ethnicty of the Karen is strikingly similar to this Reubenite French ethnicity clan of the Carini which doesn't seem to be by chance... Gog (a clan of Reuben) = Gogarene (Iberia in Caucasus), Gog (state in Scythia north of Tibet), name of Goths and of the Lost Ten Tribes in popular traditions. Nemuel - Nemetes of Gaul

GAD a name for Goth. Gudos was also a name for the Goths. Getae were a Gothic group in the Balkans and Scandinavia or the name is just another form of Goth. Guti was a name for the Goths both in Scandinavia and east of the Caspian though some modern historians incorrectly transliterate the name (from Chinese characters) as Yueh-chi. Guthones = Goths on Baltic coast. Gautoi in Scandinavia. Gadrosia in Iran, Gad was a name for Goths and an identifying root in Gothic toponomy. Pasargadoi meant Sons of Gad in ancient Iran. Thatagydes in ancient Afghanistan: Thata-represented the Teutons and Gydes  the Goths. Gadeni in Scotland. Gaedhal in ancient Scotland and Ireland. Geddingas were an Anglo-Saxon associated sub-tribe.

Ziphion: Thaifalli  (Gothic allies from Scythia migrated to France), Haggi  (Chaggi): Chauci   (Franks also known as Hugo, and as Hocing). Yngling (Sweden), Cauci (Ireland). Huguenots of France named after a legendary Hugo identifiable as Haggi of Gad. Shuni (Suni): Suiones (Sweden).

Etsbon: Bastarnae (Gothic Galatian group moved to France), Astings, Hastings (Vandal group invaded England and Scotland). Ozni: Osnabruch (Frankish Germany). Eri (Geri): Grani (Sweden), Greotingi (Goths, Sweden). Arodi (Ha-Arodi): Harudi (Norway), Hreadgoths (Scandinavia). Areli (Ha-Eruli): Eruli (Herules) -associated with Goths, Sweden. It should be mentioned that in Hebrew the Arodi  are referred to as Ha-Arodi(i.e. The Arodi)  and the Areli as Ha-Areli (i.e. The Areli). Guni: Chouni (Huns), see Guni of Naphtali (Egan -Denmark, Gugerni-  Holland).


"And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari" Genesis 46; 11.


                  Simeon and Levi were brothers, destined to be divided in Jacob, scattered in Israel (Genesis 49; 7) and therefore were not to be concentrated in one specific area. The name LEVI seems to recur in family appellations such as Levison, and Lewis. They were the priestly tribe to which Moses and Aharon belonged. From Aharon came the Priests or COHANS. Many Levites fled to Judah before the Ten Tribes were exiled (2-Chronicles 11;13-14). Likewise a good portion of SIMEON was to be absorbed by Judah both before the Assyrian Exile and afterwards when the Khazars of Scythia (descendants of Simeon and Menasseh) re-converted en-masse to Judaism. Talmudic tradition relates that Simeon was to receive an especial blessing via his affiliation within the Tribe of Judah. Therefore, what applies to Judah in prophecy also has significance concerning the Tribe of Simeon.

The Headobards-Lombards descend from Ohad son of Simeon.  They were destined from the area of Scandinavia to migrate southward and ultimately conquer and settle the region of Northern Italy now called LOMBARDY which is famous for its capital of Milano.. LOMBARDY in ancient times had been known as "Gallia Transpadana" and its one-time inhabitants according to Pliny (N.H. 3; 17) had been called "Laevi" or "Levi" (sic.). Thus, the Simeon-Levi association may have been repeated when the Headobards (Ohad from Simeon) settled in the "Levi"  neighborhood creating a Lombard-Laevi conjunction.

As stated, the Lombards (Headobards) had emerged from Scandinavia and were closely associated with the Angles who later conquered England. Ptolemy reported a people named "Levonii" in Scandinavia.  These too may also have had Levite connections and may have been part of the Lombards, since Ptolemy's report dates to the time when the Lombards were probably still within the Scandinavian area, at  least in part. Levi, however, like Simeon, seems to have achieved his natural expression more easily through partnership to Judah to whose kingdom (2-Chronicles 13; 9-11) many Levites fled. Most Levites appear today to be found scattered amongst all sections of the Jewish people and seem to be especially noticeable amongst certain sections of the North African Jewish communities.

The Israeli stamp depicts the High Priests breastplate which was worn during the Temple service and as an oracle. It is the symbol of Levi.

  It was noted that in Lombardy of North Italy settlers from Scandinavia (such as the Headobards sons of Ohad of Simeon) had settled and that a group from Levi had preceded them there. In Lombardy there existed a recurring tendency to "Judaise", meaning to adopt "Old Testament" lores and to imitate forms of worship which were Jewish or at least considered as such . At Milano, capital of Lombardy, for nearly 200 years (1100's-1200's c.e.) there existed a theocratical government using names and ceremonies drawn from the Old Testament. At the same time the sect of Passagii attempted to adopt all of the Mosaic Law as it was understood by them and later from time to time similar tendencies made themselves evident in that country2.

 In addition to Israelite, settlement in Lombardy, other Lost Israelites such as the Goths, Vandals, Normans, and so on settled throughout Italy and also bands of Jewish slaves and free Jews had reached Italy in Roman times and many of these assimilated. Even though very many Italians are of Israelite or Jewish origin most are not. They are of mixed origins with a stock related to the Greeks in ascendancy and including a constituent from Edom. Esau the twin-brother of Israel (Jacob) was the forefather of the Edomites and became the arch- enemy of Israel. Descendants of Edom (alongside some Israelites in the past) are in addition numerous amongst the Germans and in the European ruling classes. Even in those nations herein proven to be basically Israelite in many respects, there exist Edomite and Canaanite elements.

Switzerland is hELVeTIC or haLEVITIC too.


We are often asked this question: "If the British Commonwealth is Ephraim and the U.S.A. is Manasseh, where are the other tribes of Israel"? The British-Israel World Federation has never given a satisfactory answer. In fact, they have contended at times that the half-tribe of Manasseh, which lived east of the Jordan, is Japan, and that Dan is Germany. All their attempted historical research neglects the Bible as the only guide to INTERPRETATION of historical evidence.

We already understand the undeniable identity of Ephraim and Manasseh. By a process of elimination, the other tribes appear quickly--knowing first of all that the Scandinavian peoples and those of Western Europe are Israel. In these nations we have all the required characteristics which we find in no other group. To prove which tribe each is today, we need to prove which country has the identifying signs of each tribe AND prove that no other country has such signs.

One must find the identifying signs of each tribe. One must prove that no other country has them.

In Genesis 49 we have a prophecy concerning the state of each of the tribes in the "Latter days" and also in Deuteronomy 33, a chapter dealing with the blessings. With these two main chapters as guides, we can rightly INTERPRET obscure historical evidence that no history book yet clarifies.


1 and 2: Ephraim and Manasseh are already designated. 

3: Judah constituted mainly of the House of Judah, to be scattered among all nations, becoming a taunt and a byword. We are not to expect them as a separate nation among Israel today, defying all who would come against them. A small part of Judah was carried captive with Israel (II Kings 18:13), as found in the records of the Assyrian kings. Thus, among Israel we should find a small remnant of Judah. We locate the name as Jutes, and living in Jutland, Denmark. Some migrated to England.

Netherlands. The number of Jews has declined greatly because of mass deportations carried out by the German occupation forces during World War II. 

Luxembourg.The population is mainly Roman Catholic, but the Constitution guarantees freedom of religion and there are Protestant and Jewish communities in the larger cities. 

Switzerland. More than 40 percent of Switzerland is Roman Catholic, and there are also some old Catholics (0.6 %) and Jews (0.4%)…Most of the Jews are concentrated in the big cities of Zurich, Basel, and Geneva. 

France. There are about 200,000 Jews in France, and 300,000 immigrants from Algeria are Moslems. 

Belgium. There are only 50,000 Protestants and fewer than 25,000 Jews.

The Teutons (Teutones) were mentioned as a Germanic people in early historical writings by Greek and Roman authors. Their homeland was given as Jutland, the western peninsula of modern Denmark. There is debate as to whether they were a Celtic or Germanic people since the name Teutones itself appears to be Celtic; Strabo and Velleius, however, counted them among the Germanic tribes. German historians did not associate the name Teutons with their Germanic ancestors until the 13th century.

More than 100 years before the birth of Christ, many of the Teutoni, as well as the Cimbri, migrated south and west to the Danube valley, where they encountered the expanding Roman Empire.

Denmark. Danish is the official language of the country, although German is also spoken in the southern part of Jutland. The state religion is Lutheran, but religious liberty is guaranteed by law. The non-Lutheran population, numbering about 70,000, includes Catholics, Jews, Methodists, and Baptists.

Let's look at Genesis 49 and Deuteronomy 33 and see what these Scriptures have to say concerning Judah:

Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise. Thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies. Thy father's children shall bow down before thee. Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up; he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? The scepter shall not depart form Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering to the people be. Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garment in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes. His eyes shall be red with wine and his teeth white with milk. (Genesis 49:8-12)

And this is the blessing of Judah: and he said, Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his people: let his hand be sufficient for him; and be thou an help to him from his enemies. (Deu. 33:7)

Judah constituted mainly of the House of Judah, to be scattered among all nations, becoming a taunt and a byword. We are not to expect them as a separate nation among Israel today, defying all who would come against them.

On Friday, May 14, 1948, the day in which the British Mandate over Palestine expired, the Jewish National Council proclaimed the independent State of Israel. Over the past 50 years, Israel has survived and flourished as a "separate nation" and they have certainly defied all who have come against them. Hoeh was aware of this, but avoided mentioning it. It has become obvious that Hoeh has not "rightly interpreted obscure historical evidence" and the history books have, indeed, clarified this.


4: Levi, the priestly tribe, was to be scattered in Israel (Gen. 49:5-7). God never gave them land to inherit as the other tribes. Therefore, we should not expect them to be given territory today. Nothing is said in Deut. 33 about inheriting land. Among the Jews today we find many bearing the names: Levi, Levy, Levine. Others bear the name "Cohen" and its variations. The Hebrew word "Kohen" means priest and is so translated 725 times in the King James version. Here then, we have the great bulk of Levi--scattered among Judah because they left their priestly functions in Israel almost totally (I Kings 12:31).


5: Simeon received no blessing from Moses. In fact, he does not even mention the tribe! Jacob said God would scatter them throughout Israel. How? Take a map of Palestine for the time of the division of the land. Notice that Simeon did have an inheritance SOUTH of Judah. When Judah separated from Israel, Judah occupied that territory, yet Simeon went with Israel! The only explanation is that Simeon migrated into Israel generally, but no new territory was assigned to Simeon. This tribe became scattered. It is possible that the small scattered tribes in Western Europe, variously called the Senones or Semaones or Sennones, represented the fragments of the tribe of Simeon.

Senones, name of two distinct groups of ancient people of Gaul. One settled in NE Italy S of the Po in the 4th cent. B.C; the other lived in the valley of the Seine.

Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments [or a pair in violence] of cruelty are in their habitations. O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel. (Gen. 49:5-7)


6: Reuben, unstable as water and having the excellency of greatness, we have recognized as France. Southern France, settled by the descendants of Javan (the Greeks), is gentile. The only democratic country, that is unstable, yet sets the styles for the world, has the form of real excellency, and has the same sex weakness as Reuben, is France. When rightly translated, Moses says: "Let Reuben live, and not die in that his men become few" (Deut. 33:6). Of all the western nations, France has the lowest birthrate, although at one time France was the most populous country in all Europe, outnumbering England nearly 6 to 1. No other country in all the world fits all these qualifications. And is it not significant that the very country at war with England around 1800 should be France (Reuben), who would lose the birthright in the Napoleonic war? 

Identifying marks of Reuben are: The only democratic country, that is unstable. Yet sets the styles for the world. Has the form of real excellency. Has the same sex weakness.

"Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power. Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel [his precedence is forfeited]; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou it; he went up to my couch." (Genesis 49:3-4)

Genesis 49, Verse 3 Reuben as the first-born had a right to a double portion of all that the father had; see Deuteronomy 21:17 …. “But because thou hast sinned, the birthright is given to Joseph, the kingdom to Judah, and the priesthood to Levi.” That the birthright was given to the sons of Joseph we have the fullest proof from 1 Chronicles 5:1. Verse 4 Pouring out like the waters - This is an obscure sentence because unfinished. It evidently relates to the defilement of his father‘s couch; and the word פחז (pachaz), here translated pouring out, and in our Version unstable, has a bad meaning in other places of the Scripture, being applied to dissolute, debauched, and licentious conduct. See Judges 9:4; Zephaniah 3:4; Jeremiah 23:14, Jeremiah 23:32; Jeremiah 29:23.

Thou shalt not excel - This tribe never rose to any eminence in Israel; was not so numerous by one third as either Judah, Joseph, or Dan, when Moses took the sum of them in the wilderness, Numbers 1:21; and was among the first that were carried into captivity, 1 Chronicles 5:26.

Then thou didst defile - Another unfinished sentence, similar to the former, and upon the same subject, passing over a transaction covertly, which delicacy forbade Jacob to enlarge on. For the crime of Reuben, see Clarke on Genesis 35:22 (note). 1 Chronicles 5, Verse 1 

The sons of Reuben the first-born - As Reuben was the eldest son of Jacob, why was not his genealogy reviewed first? This verse answers the question; he lost the birthright because of the transgression mentioned Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:4, and the precedency was given to Judah; from him therefore came the chief ruler. This appears to be the meaning of the place. (Adam Clarke’s Commentary)

When rightly translated, Moses says: "Let Reuben live, and not die in that his men become few" (Deut. 33:6). Of all the western nations, France has the lowest birthrate, although at one time France was the most populous country in all Europe, outnumbering England nearly 6 to 1.

France's birth rate was among the highest in Europe from 1945 until the late 1960s. Since then, its birthrate has fallen but remains higher than that of most other west European countries.

DAN 7:

Dan was originally divided into two parts, one about Joppa, a seaport, and the other in the north of Palestine. Dan refused to fight along side the other tribes against the Gentiles (Judges 5:17). Dan would judge, or stand up to rule, his own people as one of the separate tribes of Israel--indicating he would gain self-government in the following manner: "Dan shall be a serpent in the way, a horned snake in the part, that biteth the horse's heels, so that his rider falleth, backward." Ireland has done just that to England. In fact, the symbol of the illegal Irish Republican Army was the coiled snake!

Dan would also be like a young lion leaping forth, an apt description of Denmark which acquired the Virgin Islands, Greenland, Iceland and other islands in her heyday. Especially unique is the fact that of all the tribes Northern Dan still preserves their father's name--the Danes!


Benjamin constitutes Norway and Iceland. The Icelandic people in reality are a colony of Norwegians. Benjamin was given to David because Jerusalem, David's capital, was in the tribe of Benjamin, not Judah. God said He would give David light in Jerusalem (I Kings 11:36). This verse could not refer to Judah which did not have to be given to the Jewish House of David. Benjamin was told to flee the destruction of Jerusalem (Jer. 6:1) which many of them did.

Benjamin is compared to "a wolf that raveneth; in the morning he devoureth the prey, and at even he divideth the spoil" (Gen. 49:27). This is certainly an apt description of the Vikings who pillaged Northern Europe, and even Mediterranean regions. Almost all Viking raids came from Norway.

Scandinavian warriors who raided the coasts of Europe and the British Isles from the 9th to the 11th century…At the beginning of the Viking Age, they were the best shipbuilders and sailors in the world, venturing as far as Greenland and North America….Many Vikings settled where they had raided. The Scandinavian raiders in Russian were known as Varangians; their leader Rurik founded the first Russian state…Elsewhere Vikings came to be known as Danes, Northmen, Norsemen, or Normans.

It is also significant that Benjamin, the smallest tribe, still is the smallest today. There are fewer Norwegians (plus 148 thousand from Iceland) than any other Israelite nation. (Moses' blessing in Deut. 33 has particular reference to this fact that Jerusalem was in the tribe of Benjamin.)


9: Issachar is compared to a "large-boned ass," Jacob continues: "For he saw a resting-place that it was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and he BOWED HIS SHOULDER TO BEAR, and became a SERVANT UNDER "ASSWORK." (Gen. 49:14-15.) An ass is not the most intelligent of animals, but it is a willing worker. Such is Finland.

Finland is the ONLY nation that has voluntarily taken the full responsibility of her debts. She is today paying off a huge indemnity to Russia. Her land is pleasant and good, not extraordinarily rich. According to Deuteronomy 33:19 she derives wealth from fishing and from hidden treasures of the sand--gigantic peat bogs and the finest sand for glass-making. Issachar is not a colonizing people--they dwell pastorally "in tents," said Moses.

According to Deuteronomy 33:19 she derives wealth from fishing and from hidden treasures of the sand--gigantic peat bogs and the finest sand for glass-making. Issachar is not a colonizing people--they dwell pastorally "in tents," said Moses.

And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in thy tents. They shall call the people unto the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand. (KJV)  


10: Nepthali represents Sweden--"satisfied with favor, full with the blessings of the Lord." She is compared to a prancing hind or deer and "giveth goodly words" (Gen. 49:21). From Sweden, with a well-balanced economy, come the Nobel prizes in token to great world accomplishments. Sweden, during two world wars and the recent trouble in Palestine, sent her emissaries to speak words of conciliation and peace. The promise by Moses to possess "the sea and the south" is applicable both to ancient Nepthali and modern Sweden: notice the position of the Sea of Galilee and Baltic relative to the position of this tribe.


11: Zebulun settled in Holland (The Netherlands). Zebulun dwell at the "shore of the sea, and he shall be a shore for ships, and his flank shall be upon Zidon"--a Gentile country. Moses said: "rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out." She takes also treasures from the sea and the sand, Zebulun, then, is a colonizing people. She is not a pillaging people as Benjamin.


12: Gad, which means "the troop" certainly designates Switzerland--the only Israelite nation in which every man is mobilized for defense. Against Gad would come the foreign troops, said Jacob, but he will "trod upon their heel." Moses declared that Gad does NOT "leap" a characteristic of the colonizing or pillaging tribes. Gad "teareth the arm, yea, the crown of the head"--of the Holy Roman Empire, in whose territory "he chose a first part for himself, and there a portion of a ruler was reserved." To Gad come "the heads of the people"--as they do today to Geneva. No other nation on earth so perfectly fits this description of a nation of troops.

I Chron. 5:18-22: The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war. ... and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him. And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand (lots of pillaging going on here), and of men an hundred thousand.

I Chron. 12:8-15: And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains... These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand. These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west.

Gad "teareth the arm, yea, the crown of the head"--of the Holy Roman Empire, in whose territory "he chose a first part for himself, and there a portion of a ruler was reserved." To Gad come "the heads of the people"--as they do today to Geneva. No other nation on earth so perfectly fits this description of a nation of troops.

"And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad; he dwelleth as a lion, and teareth the arm with the crown of the head. And he provided the first part for himself, because there, in a portion of the lawgiver, was he seated; and he came with the heads of the people, he executed the justice of the LORD, and his judgments with Israel." (Deuteronomy 33:20-21)


13: Asher--"his bread shall be fat and he shall yield royal danties" (Gen. 49:20). This peculiar expression could have reference alone to Belgium and the kindred state Luxembourg. From Belgium have come the finest Flemish paintings, the royal tapestries which graced the halls of kings, fine cut diamonds, porcelain and Belgian lace. Belgium and Luxembourg are blessed above many another son of Jacob--"Blessed be Asher above sons; let him be the favoured of his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil"--prosperity. Iron and brass shall be thy bars; and as thy days, so shall thy riches increase. Because of uranium, Belgium's prosperity will continue to grow.

And of Asher he said, "Let Asher be blessed with children; let him be acceptable to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil. Thy shoes [or under thy shoes] shall be iron and brass; and as thy days, so shall they strength be. (Deut. 33:24-25)

Belgium and Luxembourg are blessed above many another son of Jacob--"Blessed be Asher above sons; let him be the favoured of his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil"--prosperity. Iron and brass shall be thy bars; and as thy days, so shall thy riches increase. Because of uranium, Belgium's prosperity will continue to grow.

Here we have a recapitulation of Jacob's prophecy for the latter days, and of Moses' blessings (some of which apply to the millennium). IN ALL THE WORLD THERE IS NO GROUP OF NATIONS SO PERFECTLY CORRESPONDING TO THE PROPHECIES. And within this extraordinary group of nations each nation has its own characteristics. To alter the placement of these tribes, as does the British Israel Federation, would obscure the marvelous proof that each of these nations does represent a tribe of Israel. True, Gentiles are found in almost every one (the Negro, the Indian, the Lapp, the descendants of Javan and Phoenicians), but so was it in ancient Israel. True, in some of these tribes there are to be found descendants of the other tribes--but there are less variations in these continental nations than in Ephraim (Great Britain). Notice, too, that GERMANY does not belong among Israel, although there may be some Israelites still dwelling within her borders.

In choosing Manasseh as the tribe through whom He does His work, God is using the same pattern as He used for the Levites. God originally gave the priests 13 cities to dwell in, and He added 35 more for the Levites. Totaling 48. So Manasseh began with 13 primary states which were added 35 others, making 48. Is it any wonder God's work developed in Manasseh--the only tribe that can finance it?

Rolls & Promises of the Tribes

The "Saxons" bear the name of "Isaac," Jacob's father  Itsak, in Hebrew, became "Tsak"  the "Saxons" are the "sons of Tsak"  or, "Tsak's sons," as it were!

"Whether or not Joseph was aware of the symbolism of his dream is not stated, but it is evident that his father Jacob recognized himself as symbolized by the Sun, Joseph's mother as symbolized by the Moon, and Joseph's eleven brothers as symbolized by the eleven Stars.  So in this prophetic dream, the Sun, the Moon and eleven Stars appear as the symbol of the whole Jacob-Israel family with the exception of Joseph himself."

 Ephraim is the thirteenth tribe  and so fulfills this whole prophetic picture!  Ephraim is the "baker's dozen"  the THIRTEENTH  that overflows in abundance!  This picture of "13"
would not properly typify any other of the tribes, but only the LAST one, which sums up the
total of them all.

    Another fact which ties in with the prophecy is the notable item that the President's Flag contains also four Stars in each of the four corners.  These are reminiscent of the fact that Israel anciently was divided into four camps surrounding the Sanctuary.  Three tribes were on each side of the Sanctuary, with the dominant tribe representing the three, in the middle.  Thus the President's Flag pictures four Stars  the stars of Judah, Reuben, Joseph and Dan (Dan being the fourth).  This once again calls attention to the connection between the United States of America and the ancient Camp of Israel, as they traveled through the Sinai desert, arranged in four Camps.  The Four Stars represent the Four Star-Camps of Israel!

       As Israel traveled in the wilderness on its journey to the Promised Land, the tribes were organized in the format shown above.  The leader on the north side of the Tabernacles was the tribe of Dan; Judah was the leader in the east; Rueben was the leading tribe to the south of the Tabernacle; and Joseph (led by Ephraim) as the leading tribe in the west.  Together with Joseph was Benjamin, the brother of Joseph.  These four tribes were the dominant tribes in Israel.  Joseph inherited the "birth-right" promises, and Judah inherited the "scepter" promise (see I Chron.5:2).

What other nation today declares itself to be a RANKING tribe of ancient Israel, as the nited States does, in its heraldic symbolism? Seal of the President of the United States Notice the 13 stripes in the shield, 13 leaves on the Olive Branch, 13 Arrows, 13 stars above the Eagle, 13 letters in "E Pluribus Unum," 13 phases in the Moon, as well as the rays of the sun  this shows how Ephraim  the last and 13th tribe  fulfills the fullness of the prophecies given to Joseph and Israel.  "13" is the proverbial "baker's dozen"  a sign of super-abundance!

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